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I have thin-sliced zucchini and steamed it for use in my soup. One of the zucchini turns out to be bitter. I have saved half of it for use on the next day. Is there a cooking method that will remove the bitterness from that same zucchini, preferably with a presentation that is similar to steaming?

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4 Answers

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When I cook zucchuni I slightly scrape the skin with help of a knife to reduce the bitterness.

Also for some meals prepared by mashing, I peel the skin off.

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After experimenting, removing the skin is found to be most effective in removing the bitter taste. (This is also mentioned in one of the links in @mfg's answer. Cooking in water removes some, but is not as effective as removing the skin. Salt only masks the taste, but is ineffective for zucchinis that are particularly bitter. –  rwong Jan 13 '12 at 5:40
    
@rwong Salt does not simply "mask the taste". It also reduces perceived bitterness. You can confirm this yourself with any number of simple experiments. Try adding a small pinch of salt to your coffee. Bitterness is reduced without any noticeable saltiness. –  Chris Steinbach Jun 20 '13 at 21:19
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Mild bitterness in zucchini, like that found in cucumber, may be result from environmental factors such as high temperature, low moisture, low soil nutrients, etc. The bitterness is caused by compounds called cucurbitacins. There is also a rare condition which can cause extreme bitterness in zucchini. A compound called Cucurbitacin E is found in wild species of squash, but is extremely rare in cultivated species. (Univ. of Arizona)

Having bounced around to the various other sites I basically had what I've heard anecdotally before confirmed; salt and lay out to drain liquid. I suppose the implication is that by dessicating the zuke a little bit, it can remove the Cucurbitacin (which is a steroid developed to ward off herbivores). Putting the zukes in salt water is also recommended by some.

It appears that people can become ill from incredibly bitter zukes, so be wary of eating extremely bitter ones. In this case, you may want to follow the wisdom of your taste buds and drop the zucchini in the trash.

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Also, salt masks bitter flavors; it's one of the reasons that, for example, bacon goes so well with cooked greens.

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I learned a nice tip from a Sri Lankan friend which seems to make them taste less bitter:

1) Chop off the stem end of the courgette with a sharp knife (not serrated)

2) Press the stub / courgette surfaces back together and rotate the stub end against the courgette continually for a couple of minutes.

3) As you do so you will find a thick, white substance leeches out of the courgette through the cut end (it might continue for half a minute or for a few minutes)

4) Once it's stopped leeching out (or you're bored!) wipe off the white stuff and discard the stub.

5) Continue to prepare / cook / eat as planned. It should taste better!

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