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Let's compile a list of vegetarian/vegan meat replacements.

Generic replacements:

Commercial fake meats:

Similar products (nutrition):

  • Beans
  • Mushrooms (Portobello, oyster, trumpet, so many more…)
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I suggest community wiki for this. (Edit the post and check community wiki box.) –  forefinger Jul 9 '10 at 21:15
    
Are you asking about replacing meats in specific dishes, or in general/nutritionally? –  Walter Mundt Jul 9 '10 at 21:21
    
Tag discussion: meta.cooking.stackexchange.com/questions/21/… –  forefinger Jul 9 '10 at 23:31
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There is no "meat replacement." I think you mean "meat analogs" or vegetarian protein sources. –  goblinbox Jul 17 '10 at 18:20
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Why is Quorn not a commercial product? –  Brendan Long Aug 13 '10 at 2:55
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14 Answers 14

Pardon my rampant vegerianism, but the trick is not to substitue meat at all.

I generally get my nutrition from other sources, without using meat substitutes at all. Unless I really feel like a certain recipe that I used to like back in my meat-eating days.

Use beans, lentils and whole grains for protein. Use nuts, seeds and avocadoes (or any other fatty fruits and vegetables) for B-vitamins. Use beans (again) and leafy greens for iron and calcium.

So, it turns out my answer is a bit Zen. Sorry.

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I agree; you may want to look at this discussion: cooking.stackexchange.com/questions/904/… –  JustRightMenus Jul 17 '10 at 18:36
    
I actually commented there before I came here. I seem to be on a bit of a soapbox today. –  Carmi Jul 17 '10 at 18:52
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Preach it, Carmi! –  Rebekah Jul 30 '10 at 19:59
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I'm not a vegetarian, but I really agree here. The best part about vegetarian food is that it's vegetarian. –  Eric Goodwin Sep 6 '10 at 21:15
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For many dishes mushrooms are a great meat replacement.

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Mushrooms don't have proteins and calories... From a nutritional point of view they aren't a replacement. –  Lorenzo Jul 9 '10 at 22:17
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Ah, but from a deliciousness point of view... –  Shog9 Jul 9 '10 at 22:30
    
for my umami addiction, mushrooms come close. –  OpenID-test2 Jun 1 '11 at 20:43
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Quorn based products are quite good meat substitutes. As a hardcore carnivore with a vegetarian partner I was pleasantly surprised at how edible her dishes such as stir fry and bolognese sauce are.

The texture isn't at all strange, sludgy or bouncy and it's the closest thing to a meat texture (probably chicken more like) I've ever had that wasn't actually meat.

Quorn is also high in protein and not much else so if you're after your balance of carbs and fats you need to make sure your other ingredients are supplying them. Also quorn on its own doesn't have much of a taste so you need to season your dish accordingly.

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It's worth noting that Quorn contains eggs, so it may not be suitable for all brands of vegetarian. –  Brendan Long Jul 10 '10 at 2:53
    
yes, I would love to know some vegan alternatives to Quorn: cooking.stackexchange.com/questions/440/… –  Bala Clark Jul 10 '10 at 9:56
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Garbanzo beans (chickpeas) make for a delicious veggie burger. Grilled eggplant is also quite lovely.

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Garbanzo beans are also great in curry. –  Brendan Long Jul 10 '10 at 2:53
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Generic replacements:

Commercial fake meats:

  • Tofurkey (Roasts, Sausages, Deli Slices)
  • Lightlife
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I would vote this up because it's a good list, but you have no description at all. You could at least link to Wikipedia for each. –  Brendan Long Jul 10 '10 at 2:54
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If you go to an Indian store you can find 'Nutrela.' It is dried soy protein. Very popular in India. They have chunks and mince. They are both nice, but I have only tried them Indian style.

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I've never had meat so I don't know on a taste basis how they compare but I like the Morningstar foods. I also grew up eating Worthington and Loma Linda brands of fake meat but they are hard to find in most areas. Due to cost and a desire to eat healthier, I don't eat fake meat that much anymore but I still sometimes indulge in Fri-Chik or Morningstar veggie-burgers.

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These don't really taste like meat, but burgers made from marinated tofu are nice. If you freeze the tofu first it gets a chewier texture.

Also, fresh paneer (indian cheese) is a nice addition to vegtable dishes, or can be fried on its own: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paneer

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Baking shiitake mushrooms lightly tossed in olive oil and salt for an hour on a baking sheet at 350F leads to a quite decent flavor and texture substitute for crispy bacon.

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I'm partial to Boca fake chicken. They also have spicy chicken patties that are great (although hard to find in our area).

Fake chicken nuggets are great with hummus and a glass of milk.

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Gardein makes absolutely delicious vegan meat substitutes!

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I generally agree with the top-voted answer that fake meats should just be avoided by and large (I feel like much of the perceived ickiness factor that omnis have of veg foods comes from these (often poorly-done) substitutions), but, for personal consumption, when you've got a hankering and anything that even asymptotically approaches the real thing, I suppose they do.

That said, I like using TVP (textured vegetable protein) to make quick taco filling and in spagehtti sauce, chili etc. I get it super-cheap from the bulk section of a local natural food store, and it makes for really quick recipes. e.g. dump a cup of TVP in a tupperware container with some taco seasoning; pour a cup of boiling water over top; mix, put lid on tupperware; wait 5-10 mins. You've got taco filling.

Similarly, one can reconstitute TVP and then mix into spaghetti sauce for a faux bolognease.

These tend to be things I eat a lot of when I'm cooking just for myself and am on a budget (I can get a pound of (dried) TVP for ~$2, which, since TVP is super light, makes a ton!)

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Yves has a good line of meat alternative products, including the best vegan hot dogs I've seen anywhere. (I'm not 100% sure that all of their products are vegan, so be sure to check before you buy.)

If you're in the southeast United States, Publix carries vegan tofu crumbles under their Greenwise brand name in the freezer section near the Boca products. I've used them on several occasions to make chili.

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My favorite meat replacement product out is Neat. It is 100% vegetarian, soy free, guilt free, and gluten free. Most other replacements I did like the taste or texture, but Neat was different..because I really like it. I have friends who are not vegetarians and love Neat because of how healthy it is and how it tastes just like meat. Check it out! http://eatneat.com

Easy to make and all you need is an egg, water and the mix they provide in there package. Healthy and fast food!

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I think "guilt free" is pretty subjective. I have yet to feel guilty about anything I've eaten (but I haven't tried cannibalism yet). –  sourd'oh 7 hours ago
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