# How much rice should I cook per person?

I would like to know how much rice I should cook per person. Preferably in some "fast" measurements - like cups, spoons, etc.

It would also be nice to know how much water should I add to the rice-cooker.

Edit: I want to have the rice as a side dish, usually with some kind of stew.

Edit: The cup I've been using is 300ml filled about 3mm below top edge (which is what i consider "full").

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What are you cooking? It depends on how much there is to eat beside the rice. – rumtscho May 21 '12 at 11:49
can you specify which kind of cups... there are many cups of different sizes.. – Daniele B Jan 14 '13 at 12:47
Daniele B: Cup like this: backgroundsy.com/file/large/red-coffee-cup.jpg it worked for me with the amount described in the accepted answer – Tomáš Fejfar Jan 14 '13 at 16:47
Regarding water, see the question How do I determine the amount of water I need to use with my eletric rice cooker – unor Apr 6 '14 at 10:31
It's a bit late at this point (rumtscho asked this a few years ago too) but as long as you're editing... what part of the meal is the rice? – Jefromi Mar 6 at 0:43

I usually use 1/4 cup per person for a smallish portion, and 1/3 cup per person if you're a bit hungrier. You'll probably want to check the instructions for your rice cooker to check exactly how much water you should add as different manufacturers vary. I believe the one I used in the past needed an equal quantity of water to rice.

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Worked fine with ~1/3 cup rice and little more water. – Tomáš Fejfar May 21 '12 at 12:09
In my house, it's about a half cup of uncooked per person. – Escoce Apr 10 at 17:35

The standard rice cup measure is one go (long o sound) ~180ml, which was at some point based on a Japanese government opinion about how much raw rice an average person would consume. 1 koku is 1000 x 1 go, so this implies that a typical person would have consumed almost one go per meal. But this would likely have been defined during a period in which most people were living agrarian lives, and perhaps might have had limited access to a wide variety of vegetables, meat and fish. They might have needed a lot of calories from carbohydrates like rice just to maintain weight in a physically demanding lifestyle.

In practice, I find I eat a lot more side dishes when I have rice, so I'm more than satisfied with about 1 Japanese bowl of rice, which on average only takes about 180ml cooked rice (~90ml raw rice) to fill up. Other Americans, who tend not to consider rice an important part of the meal, may find even less rice adequately filling.

But in most countries, the amount of rice served actually depends quite a lot on what food is being served. If you're served curry or something that's kind of a one plate meal, like donburimono, you're likely to be served a larger amount of cooked rice (potentially up to 360ml cooked/180ml raw). If several main dishes or one large dish and several side dishes are served, that small 180ml rice bowl would be more typical. As for me, I tend to serve mine a little light compared to the rest of my family, but when estimating rice for a dinner party I assume about 90ml per person, or a bit more if I'm worried about big eaters.

(Apologies for not using weight measurements for those who prefer them; my rice cooker is tuned for volume measurements).

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Very much agree with volumetrics for rice - and I'm from a culture where most measurements are weight ones. No need for excuses IMHO, especially as OP asked for them. – Stephie Mar 7 at 7:55

The USDA recommended serving of rice (PDF) is 1/2 cup cooked, which should be 1/4 cup raw, as rice about doubles in size.

The reality, though, is that the amount someone should eat and the amount someone does eat is not usually the same.

This can be seen in the wide variation of serving sizes listed on various sites. This one that talks about serving sizes specifically and recommends 1/2 cup uncooked per person or less:

When it comes to rice the norm seems to be about ½ cup (90g) per person, although some people prefer to use a bit less – about 1/3 cup (60g) per person. And remember we are talking about uncooked rice here, which means that when it’s cooked it’s usually about a cup per person, as rice doubles in size. For a main meal this is definitely enough!

While this FAQ from a US rice brand clarifies that the portion size listed on their packages is 1/4 cup uncooked:

The serving size refers to 1/4 dry (uncooked) product; this is the equivalent to 3/4 cup of cooked rice.

(Their rice is apparently really fluffy when cooked)

This is likely because they're following the USDA guidance for serving size in their package labeling.

So, if you're cooking for just a few people, I recommend erring on the high side (1/2 cup uncooked per person) but if you're cooking for a big crowd, you'll probably be ok with smaller portions (1/4-1/3 cup uncooked).

The general rule for white rice is to double the amount of rice to get the amount of water you should use but your rice maker should have instructions about this.

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I usually cook 1/2 cup (measuring cup 8oz) rice per person...in the rice cooker or on the stove you want to double the water....ie 1/2 cup rice to 1 cup water....1/3 cup rice to 2/3 water...2cup rice to 4cup water...etc...

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That would be 4oz or 120ml. – Zenadix Nov 1 '14 at 3:17
How much water depends on the rice. The rice I use works best with a touch less than double. 1 cup of rice gets about 1 and 1/2 to 3/4 cup of water depending on whether I am slow cooking, fast cooking or resting as when making for fried rice. – Escoce Apr 10 at 17:37

Generally 60-80g or so if you are just having a sauce and rice. If you are having starters, sides, or vegetables then 50-60g, or if it's someone very hungry, 80-100g.

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After many years of large portions of rice with our meals we've cut down to 50g (dry weight) of rice or pasta per person as the main carbohydrate of the meal. As a side (with another carb) I'd usually halve the portions.

This advice came from reading The Hairy Dieters, explained by the fact that they were used as easy ways to bulk out meals in history, when physical labour jobs were the norm and money was scarce. Their advice was to have less of the carbs and more of the protein, which is supposed to be the main part of the dish anyway.

As for water, we usually weigh 2:1 water to rice, so 100g of water to 50g of rice. Of course the type of rice you're using and the equipment you're using will have a bearing on the required amount of water.

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It should be 1/2 cup maybe for an average person.

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