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Are they physically different? If so, what is the difference, between a gel and gelatine, or it's proccesses gelation and gelling (gelatinization. gelatinisation)?

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P.S: The tags gelatin and gelling-agents have no wiki information, so I couldn't get anything from them. –  J.A.I.L. Nov 19 '12 at 8:47
    
I got this doubt when first reading about starch gelatinization (or is it gelation?) in bread. And got it again when writing this answer. –  J.A.I.L. Nov 19 '12 at 8:51
    
if it's an issue of definition, it sounds like a good question for the English Language and Usage site on SE! english.stackexchange.com –  Kristina Lopez Nov 19 '12 at 18:52
    
@KristinaLopez I'm meaning the physical differences. Knowing it would help me choosing the right term. Thank you for pointing it; I'll edit the question to clarity it. –  J.A.I.L. Nov 19 '12 at 19:01
    
Are you wondering about gelling, as in turning to gooey consistency, or jelling, as in solidifying? –  MargeGunderson Nov 19 '12 at 21:07

1 Answer 1

up vote 5 down vote accepted

A gel is any liquid (usually) or gaseous medium suspended in a solid three-dimensional mesh which entraps the medium so that it does not flow.

By way of (somewhat flawed analogy) think of a giant role of bubble wrap. Its mostly air. But the plastic keeps the air from flowing at a large scale.

Gels can range from very soft to very hard. New modern aero-gels have fascinating properties.

Gelatin is a protein formed when collagen (a connective protein in animals) is heated under moist conditions. Gelatin forms cross-linked networks exceedingly well, and therefore is a wonderful gelling agent.

The name has also taken to mean the gel created from gelatin and a water-based liquid like stock or sugary flavored water. You may have guessed by now that gels in general take their name from gelatin.

So the specific answer to the first part of your question is: gels are the general category, and gelatin (in the second sense) is a specific kind of gel.

I have never heard the term gellification. The only verb I am familiar with is to gel. The process is gelatinization or (more familiar to me), just gelling.

In those links in Wikipedia for gel, gelatin, collagen, and areogel you will find out much more.

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Thank you for your answer.I changed the title of the question to remove the gellification. –  J.A.I.L. Nov 21 '12 at 22:40
    
I've also seen gelatinisation used to refer to the denaturation of collagen. I've no idea if this is correct usage. –  Chris Steinbach Nov 22 '12 at 9:48
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@SAJ14SAJ after searching some more, I've found the propper English name for the proccess I meant is gelation. –  J.A.I.L. Nov 22 '12 at 10:05
    
Now that you mention it, I think I have heard that.... but I am a computer scientist, not a chemist so I stand corrected :-) –  SAJ14SAJ Nov 22 '12 at 11:36

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