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I cut the potatoes up. I boil them for 7 minutes and then I fry them 15 min in some olive oil, but they fall apart quickly.

When I remove the water from the boiling pan after 7 minutes, the potatoes are already almost falling apart.

I have tried to fry potatoes without bowling them for a while, but they still weren't done.

How do I get the potatoes not to fall apart and get at least a bit crispy?

![http://i.imgur.com/kazr3l.jpg]

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What kind of potatoes are you using? –  Josh Caswell Dec 11 '12 at 20:22
    
Aardappelen: Iets kruimig (Dutch) / Potatoes: Somewhat waxy/floury (English I hope) –  ujjain Dec 11 '12 at 20:58
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Waxy and floury are generally considered opposites when speaking about potatoes. You want a waxier potato for what you are trying to do. Do you have the potato variety's name (even if it's Dutch)? –  Josh Caswell Dec 11 '12 at 21:06
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From the looks of your picture, you are not deep frying them, you are stir-frying them. "15 minutes in some olive oil" is another red sign. There are recipes for that, but it is normal for them that the potatoes fall apart. If you want to have a french fries type of potato, you have to deep fry them. –  rumtscho Dec 11 '12 at 21:28
    
What are you trying to cook, exactly? "Fried potatoes" sounds like you're trying to make french fries, but your picture looks more like hash browns, complete with peppers, tomatoes, onions, and is that chicken? –  Marti Dec 20 '12 at 22:44
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9 Answers

A few possible ways, which can, of course, be combined:

  1. Use waxy ("new") potatoes. These potatoes have a lower starch content, as well as a different ratio of starches (more amylopectin) which helps them maintain their shape.
  2. Microwave then cool the diced potatoes rather than boiling them. Do this in a microwave-safe bowl with microwave-safe plastic wrap over the top. This process should also help maintain potato integrity while cooking them through.
  3. Fry them in small batches in vegetable oil (or another high-smoke-point oil) at med-high to high heat (depending on your pan/stove combination) rather than the lower heat required for frying with olive oil. To get a nice brown crust, you're essentially searing the outside of a pre-cooked potato.
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Too add - par-boiling and cooling them before frying would probably help as well. –  mikeTheLiar Dec 11 '12 at 22:11
    
Yes, that could replace step 2. Also, cooling is a useful step for MW as well, so I updated my answer. –  Eli Lansey Dec 11 '12 at 22:15
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After you've par-cooked your potatoes, cool them rapidly in iced water, drain them, and then let them cool, preferably in a fridge, uncovered, for a few hours.

When you want to 'fry' them (NOT stir-fry!), use an high smoke point oil, such as vegetable oil - or if you want a really tasty potato, in beef lard, at about 190C

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Totally agree on not using olive oil for frying potatoes. Olive oil gets better, smokes, and can start on fire if it gets too hot, so it's not a good choice for frying potatoes. –  GdD Dec 12 '12 at 9:48
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@GdD I don't agree. I frequently sauté par-boiled potatoes in olive oil with rock salt and rosemary, it's quite common in the med regions to cook potatoes in this way. It's just a different technique, but it's wrong to poo-poo it as being wrong. –  spiceyokooko Dec 12 '12 at 23:25
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I think the clue here is that your potatoes are almost disintegrating after you've boiled them. If they're doing that, then they will only continue to disintegrate when you sauté or shallow fry them, which is what I assume you're doing and that will happen regardless of the type of potato you're using.

As others have rightly stated, some potato varieties are less inclined to 'disintegrate' than others, but moving to a waxy potato (firm) may stop the potato disintegrating but it may also not give you the texture you're trying to achieve - crisp on the outside and fluffy on the inside.

I my opinion you're better off sticking with a 'floury' variety of potato, but modifying your cooking technique to prevent disintegration. I'd suggest trying the following -

  1. Experiment with boiling times. It sounds like you need to boil them for less time than you're doing, trying boiling for 5 minutes instead of 7. The potato should be part cooked, but not breaking up, because you'll finish the cooking in the hot oil.

  2. Strain your potatoes and immediately rinse them under cold water and set aside to dry.

  3. Put your frying pan on a low heat and let it heat up for a few minutes, pour in some olive oil and heat that for a few minutes more - it should not get too hot. Flick in a tiny droplet of water, it should just start to sizzle, if it immediately evaporates it's too hot.

    You need to cook potatoes in olive oil on a low heat as olive oil can change properties if it's allowed to get too hot. But you also need to make sure the oil is hot enough, the potatoes should sizzle when added to the pan, if they don't it's not hot enough.

    Practice on getting the temperature of the olive oil just right as this is important to the outcome of your sautéed potatoes.

  4. When the temperature is right, carefully tip your potatoes into the frying pan, separate them and let them fry for a good few minutes or so so they crisp on one side, now flick them over and let them cook on the other side. Keep doing this till they're done. Resist the temptation to bash them about and push them round the pan as this will cause them to fall apart.

They should not disintegrate but should crisp on all sides and be fluffy in the middle.

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According to Kenji Alt at Serious eats, in his article on French Fries, a small amount of vinegar in the par-boil water--one tablespoon per quart--will cause the fries to hold their shape by inhibiting the breakdown of pectin.

The same technique should be very effective with fried potatoes: par-cook the diced potatoes in the weak vinegar solution. Then sautee them to finish for crispiness and color.

Here is what Kenji Alt says:

The fries boiled in plain water disintegrated, making them nearly impossible to pick up. When I added them to the hot oil, they broke apart even further. On the other hand, those boiled in the vinegared water remained perfectly intact, even after boiling for a full ten minutes. When fried, they had fabulously crisp crusts with tiny, bubbly, blistered surfaces that stayed crisp even when they were completely cool. As for the flavor, if I tasted really hard, I could pick up a faint vinegary undertone, though I wouldn't have if I didn't know it was there. Even knowing it was there, it wasn't unpleasant at all. After all, I'm used to putting my fries in ketchup or mayo, both of which contain plenty of acid.

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That's also a trick that was used in America's Test Kitchen when making potato salad -- they also mentioned that it increased the cooking time. –  Joe Dec 17 '12 at 16:42
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When potato pieces cook, they release moisture. If they are clumped together in a pan, the moisture will become steam and you will reach full cooking before the pieces become dry enough to brown and crisp. The result is crumbling pieces, especially with the starchy variety you have. However, if you ensure low moisture content prior to frying, then the potato pieces will be able to brown and make the nice crust that you want, and as this happens the pieces will “glue” with their neighbors like you see in a hash brown.

As others noted, the solution is to pre-cook your pieces in a way that allows moisture to escape. This can be done by parboiling or microwave, but the important thing is a cooling and resting period afterward.

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I once had a Chinese dish they called "Fried Potato Strings", where they have the potato sliced in thin long strings then stirred fried. The potato strings turned out firm, very crunchy and far and from falling apart. I tried this back home but just ended up getting the potato strings and pieces all meshed up.

I went back and asked how they did the trick. So basically you have to wash the potato slice to remove the starch content as much as possible on the surface, before cooking; don't forget to hand-rub the potato in running water for some minutes. The potato should be cooked in higher heat and adding a small dose of white vinegar also helps it further.

I tried and it worked.

"Fried Potato Wire"

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reason for down-vote? Or tell me a better way to make your potato crispy –  KMC Dec 17 '12 at 8:57
    
It wasn't me, but some tips for improvements: (1) in telling your story, you bury the tips (wash the starch off, cook in high heat, add vinegar); after the story, pulling them out as bullet points might help. (2) You weren't specific in how the vinegar was used (when washing? when frying? added afterwards). (3) some of the tips might not be relevant for the preparation they were asking about (the washing and oil temperature are more significant for thinner things and stir fry, and likely won't apply to larger cuts of potatoes like home fries) –  Joe Dec 26 '12 at 17:27
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After boiling the potatoes, make sure you drain them and let them cool before frying. They solidify and dry as they cool. Avoid stirring too much when frying.

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Try frying raw potatoes in enough oil (I usually pour ~0.3 cm of oil for a full pan of potatoes) on medium-high or high heat WITHOUT the lid and WITHOUT salt/pepper. Stir them not often (but don't let them burn, indeed) till they are crispy enough on all sides. Then reduce the heat to low and keep potatoes under the lid till they are cooked enough (you should be able to "cut" them easily with a spoon or fork). At the very end add salt/pepper to taste.

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I never boil potatoes before frying them. Red potatoes, imo, offer the best texture (they are firmer than many varieties) and taste. Scrub them, chop them, add them to a large saucepan or wok with 1/4 - 1/2 cup of heated oil, add seasoning, and stir/toss them periodically until they test done. This will result in a potato that is crispy outside and tender inside.

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