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Usually, at the end of a bag of popcorn, or when you pop your own on the stove, there is a certain number of kernels left unpopped. Why is that?

Is there something that changes in the kernels that makes them different from the others or are they the same, but the heat isn't distributed to them well enough?

Is there any way to make more of the kernels pop without burning the ones that popped first?

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"yes, these kernels are broken." In essence, the shell that is airtight on kernels that pop, got damaged one way or another - during growth, extracting the kernels mechanically, transport, drying or whatever - and so, they released the pressure inside slowly instead of exploding. They won't pop. –  SF. May 8 '13 at 10:56
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@SF, why don't you write this into an answer? –  Mien May 8 '13 at 16:17

1 Answer 1

up vote 9 down vote accepted

Popcorn kernels pop because moisture is trapped inside of a relatively gas-tight shell. As the kernels are heated, the water inside the kernel turns to steam. The shell of the kernel keeps the steam from expanding, so pressure builds up inside of the kernel until the whole things blows open.

If the kernel doesn't have enough moisture inside of it or if the shell of the kernel is permeable enough to allow the pressure inside the kernel to dissipate before it reaches the critical pop pressure, then that kernel won't pop. Ever.

So to answer your question, no. Take the popcorn off the heat before the popped kernels burn.

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Another possibility for an unpopped kernel is that the shell is too thick. There's a fine balance; too thin and the kernel pops less energetically into a smaller puff, too thick and no matter how much water the germ has it'll never get hot enough to burst the shell before the whole thing blackens. –  KeithS May 9 '13 at 19:02

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