Is it ok to put a higher wattage burner element on your stove than what stove calls for? I bought the wrong burner wattage but it does fit etc.
Apart from blowing a fuse your problems may be worse than that. Most electrical appliances are designed with the assumption that all the components used are within specification. One example failure mode I can think of is that your new heating element may heat the attached wiring to unacceptable levels and increase its electrical resistance due to both the extra current flowing and the increase in ambient temperature.
Increased power loss though the wires will won't cause a fuse to trip but may cause a fire. I'd recommend replacing the element with one that has a rating similar to the original. In addition to safety aspects your temperature controller (often called a simmerstat) may not be rated for the additional current required and may fail prematurely.