Questions about kneading, baking, storing, and culinary use of any kind of bread.

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16
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3answers
6k views

What makes a bread either close or open crumbed/textured?

What causes the texture of bread to be open, ie with lots of large holes, or close, ie a regular, uniform tender crumb with no large holes? How can I achieve either?
2
votes
3answers
576 views

Can avocado act as an egg replacement for vegan bread

Can avocado be used to replace the eggs to make a bread vegan. I have seen very little information regard avocado as an egg replacement and was hoping to find advice from anyone who has tried baking ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What is sourdough bread?

I'm intrigued by all the questions about creating and 'feeding' sourdough starter. But I am unfamiliar with the bread itself. What is sourdough bread? how is it different than 'regular' bread. Is it ...
15
votes
2answers
7k views

What is the purpose of sugar in baking plain bread?

My recipe says 1 tablespoon of sugar per loaf. This seems like too small an amount for flavor. The recipe is as follows: 3 cups flour 1 teaspoon salt 2 teaspoons active-dry yeast 1 tablespoon ...
7
votes
2answers
244 views

When is the best time to use my sourdough starter?

When I feed my sourdough starter and leave it out to make bread, it reaches max size in about 6 or 7 hours, then it begins to fall back. Is this the point at which I should make bread in order to get ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Azuki Bean Substitute for Anpan

I want to try to make anpan and I was planning to use this recipe for koshian for the anpan's filling. However, I do not have access to azuki beans. Is there another bean that I can use as a ...
3
votes
3answers
7k views

What is the difference between baking bread in a loaf pan made of stoneware vs metal vs iron cast?

Is there a significant difference between using a loaf pan made of this materials?
1
vote
3answers
913 views

Why does my dough never “fall” after its first rise?

My bread recipe (from Artisan Bread in Five Minutes a Day) calls for waiting for the dough to double, then "fall." It never falls, though I cover the dough as instructed (not airtight) either with a ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Can I follow recipes for bread-machine breads without bread machine?

I was browsing a recipe website to get some recipes for breads. There is a section marked with bread-machine breads.I am very new to bread making and after some search it seems that the machine is ...
1
vote
2answers
212 views

What would you use to wash pretzel hot dog buns?

I was inspired after seeing a hot dog with a pretzel bun. I have the recipe pretty close to where I want it, but I'm not sure what to use as a wash. I tried egg whites so far and wasn't very happy. ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

How do I prevent burning the bottom of the bread when cooking over a campfire?

Over the weekend I took my dutch oven and tried to bake bread over the campfire. I had two problems, one was getting enough heat. That is really my problem and I just lowered the grate over the fire ...
3
votes
1answer
854 views

What makes a torpedo roll unique

In New York I've had assorted sandwiches on "Torpedo rolls". They are quite unique in flavor and texture unto themselves. I am a hobbyist baker and can't seem to figure them out. Anyone know what ...
4
votes
1answer
255 views

Why punch down knead free bread?

on this video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YX_6l2bmvQI at the 1:30 mark the guy punches the dow down. And its a mere light turning. What process is started? or how will the bread differ if I don't ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the difference between a biscuit and a roll?

Most restaurants in the US bring either biscuits or rolls to the table with your meal. What is the difference between the two?
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Does it make sense to refrigerate the dough made for Parathas to be used after 8 hours?

Paratha: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paratha Flour: Wheat flour Dough ingredients: Water Salt Wheat flour I am planning to make this dough in the evening and keep it in the fridge for 8 hours to ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How accurate is the window pane test? (breadmaking)

I recently bought Michael Ruhlman's Ratio and started trying out baking. I knead my bread for about 10 to 15 minutes, but the window pane test (pulling a chunk of dough so that it's translucent ...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

Sticky and unmanagable sourdough

I've recently started a sourdough starter culture (using equal parts water and spelt flour) and have used it in a sourdough bread recipe I got from the Telegraph. I've halved the recipe in the article ...
2
votes
1answer
337 views

Does using a sponge in a brioche make a difference?

I want to make brioche and have seen several recipes. Some use a sponge and some don't. Is there a difference in the end product (flavour, texture, look...)?
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Is there such a thing as pumpernickel flour?

I've recently started making my own bread, and would like to try to make pumpernickel bread. A friend of mine once mentioned that this uses pumpernickel flour, but I'm unable to find this. The recipes ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Do breadcrumbs really act as a binder in meat preparations?

I routinely hear that breadcrumbs are added to burgers and meatballs to bind them. For example, see the answers to this question: how to stop meatballs falling apart. On the other hand, I have heard ...
5
votes
2answers
287 views

Making Malt-Free Bread

The bread I make has been inconsistent in how it turns out each time. I follow the "Artisan Bread in 5 Minutes a Day" method for making bread. Sometimes it rises really nice, other times it barely ...
4
votes
4answers
15k views

Are there any yeast-less breads that can be used as sandwich bread?

My son cannot eat anything that contains yeast. Are there any types of yeast-less bread that can be used as a sandwich bread?
3
votes
2answers
759 views

How do I keep dough moist while rising?

If I'm rising dough for a really long time (at home), what techniques are there for keeping the surface moist? What I'm finding is that the crumb comes out as I'd like (very aerated, mature), but ...
4
votes
2answers
285 views

What is the lesser evil, degassing too early or too late?

Suppose that I have made bread dough and it is supposed to be degassed around 90 min after kneading (t+90). Suppose that I have to leave home at t+30 and will be back sometime between t+120 and t+150. ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the secret to baking bread with a very fine crumb?

I've noticed bread purchased from the local baker always has a very fine crumb. How is this achieved??
4
votes
1answer
555 views

Why proof a baguette seam side up

Why do i need to proof the bread seam up if i pinch the fold? Most of the recipes say to do this on the couche and then roll over and slash . I don't see any difference in the finished bread. As long ...
2
votes
2answers
759 views

Why is yeast used in bread making?

This question arose today at lunch, and we tried to explain it in various ways: It gives the soft (spongy) consistency; It improves the nutritional content; It makes bread more digestible; It ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Why is butter incorporated into the dough last when making Brioche?

I made Brioche for the first time tonight using the Rich Man's Brioche recipe from Reinhart's Bread Baker's Apprentice. The recipe basically leaves out the butter until the very end when the dough is ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Why didn't my brioche rise?

This weekend I attempted to make this recipe for brioche. I did the first step and combined the the milk, yeast, 1 egg and 1 cup of flour which caused very big clumps and then I added the sugar. I ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

What makes bread mold grow; light, air or both?

I'm building a breadbox that will hold multiple loaves of bread. I was wondering if it would be a good idea to put a gasket around the lid to reduce air infiltration but I don't know what is more ...
7
votes
3answers
12k views

Can I let my bread dough rise in the mixer bowl?

When I bake bread, I often let the dough rise in the metal mixer bowl. I was wondering if this is a good idea, as the metal is probably colder than a regular bowl and may inhibit rising. Would it be ...
2
votes
5answers
566 views

What are some alternative uses for bread heels?

I often buy bread loaves at the store and use them for sandwiches, french toast, etc. I don't particularly like using the heels for those purposes though, because of the texture and taste - heels ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Does adding oil and fats affect bread crust development?

I had recently started baking bread and I have read up a lot on developing a great crust. Generally it involves steam in the oven at the beginning of the baking process, high even heat and etc. I ...
11
votes
1answer
956 views

What takes over the functions of gluten in gluten-free bread mixes?

Gluten has many effects on bread doughs, as explained in this beautiful answer. I think the main effects for bread doughs are the first three mentioned there: Provide elasticity, presumably because ...
10
votes
2answers
6k views

Are there any negative effects to kneading bread dough longer?

Is there such a thing as over-kneading bread dough. From what I understand, kneading the bread dough is what allows the gluten strands to align and form the beautiful gluten networks that create bread ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

How can you tell whether bread dough is ready for baking?

I've tried to make a special bread for making 'torrijas', the Spanish version of French toast. Very popular during easter, here. Twice, the bread didn't rise correctly in the oven, even after ...
5
votes
1answer
576 views

Safety of room-temperature soaker from Reinhart's *Whole Grain Breads*

One of the “tricks” used in Peter Reinhart's Whole Grain Breads is to soak various whole grains in water, at room temperature, for 12–24 hours. For example, in his “Multigrain Stuan” formula, he calls ...
6
votes
5answers
13k views

What's the secret to making good turkish bread? (pide)

I mean the flat but thick bread you get at turkish restaurants. I've tried it twice now, with two difference recipes, and each time it's come out hard and crunchy, more like a thick pizza crust. ...
1
vote
1answer
197 views

Bread - Liquid proportion in french toast

Torrijas are a Spanish version of French toast (as seen in Kramer vs Kramer). Very popular here during easter. The trick is to get the torrijas very moist without the bread falling apart. If they ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the difference between a poolish and a biga?

Both poolish and biga are pre-ferments. Poolish is a French name, biga an Italian term. What other differences are there between the two? Just to give some direction: are there differences in making ...
4
votes
3answers
428 views

Can I use the juice from pickles to make bread?

I finished a jar of pickles the other day and was trying to figure out what to do with the half a jar of pickle juice that was left behind so I didn't have to just pour it down the drain. I thought ...
6
votes
2answers
5k views

Dry milk in bread: purpose, and substitutions

I've been looking for a good 100% whole grain bread recipe that I like, and came across one that looks promising in the book Home Grown Whole Grains (pp. 152): 1 package active dry yeast 1 ...
6
votes
4answers
11k views

does bread have alcohol in it?

According to wikipedia, the byproducts of yeast fermenting (like done in baking it says) are carbon dioxide and alcohol (not necessarily ethanol -- the kind you can get drunk on). If that's the case, ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How should I clean, or care for, a banneton (brotform, proofing basket)?

How should I care for a rattan (cane) banneton? It would seem that washing it in water would eventually warp or ruin the basket since the wood can easily absorb moisture. I've seen people suggest ...
4
votes
2answers
246 views

Maximum time for rising in a breadmaker

I have a Panasonic SD253 breadmaker. The function chart shows 2hr 55min - 4hr 10min rising times available for the French Bake program. How do I make sure it rises for the full 4hr 10 mins?
2
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the best way to catch wild yeast for sourdough?

What is the best way to catch yeast? I just heard you can do this and I had no idea that you can do this. Do you grow and catch or just catch? This is to make sour dough bread.
5
votes
2answers
4k views

How can you know that your bread is done?

Most bread recipes give an estimate to how long that bread must bake. However, I find it hard to check whether it's done or not. I don't have a thermometer, and I don't think the toothpick trick works ...
3
votes
2answers
883 views

Are Non-Stick Bread Pans Destined to Fail?

Bought a pair of generic non-stick bread pans (Ecko or Good-Chef or some such). After 100 to 150 loaves, and gentle care, they're now more prone to sticking bread than the non-coated pans they were ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

Does the direction matter in the Stretch and Fold method?

I am currently making Poolish Ciabatta bread from the recipe in Bread Bakers Apprentice. Within the recipe, one of the methods used to shape and work the dough is the "Stretch and Fold" method. ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

How much “alternative” flour can I substitute for white wheat flour?

Most of the bread and bagel recipes I use (such as no-knead bread) call for only white wheat flour. I'd like to integrate other flours (such as whole wheat, flaxseed, and buckwheat) into the recipes. ...