Questions about kneading, baking, storing, and culinary use of any kind of bread.

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Using low oven temperature to accelerate proofing

During wintertime it is often cold enough in my apartment that proofing takes much longer than in summer. I'd like to use my oven to create a warmer environment, in which the dough would rise faster. ...
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3answers
21k views

Toasting sandwich bread before packing a lunch - when is it appropriate?

When I make a sandwich to eat fresh, I pretty much always toast the bread. When I pack a sandwich to eat later, however, I don't. I've always thought that eating cold toast would be gross. Recently ...
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2answers
125 views

Is the second rise step neccesary for no-knead bread?

In the classic no-knead bread recipe, it calls for letting the dough rise once for 12-18 hours, then folding it on a work surface and letting it rise again for two hours. Why is this second rise ...
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9answers
27k views

How can I make my banana bread more moist?

I've followed lots of standard recipes online, and the result is always more cake like: dark on the outside white and dryish in the middle. When I go to the store and buy it it's always dark and ...
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3answers
38k views

Why is milk powder used in bread machine recipes?

In a bread machine bread recipe, why is milk powder included? And is milk powder needed? I have baked several loaves without milk powder. When the bread is baking sometimes the loaf ...
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1answer
1k views

Difference between fermentation and leavening?

What is the technical difference between fermentation and leavening? Both cause bread to rise. Does fermentation only refer to the chemical process of one substance converting to another, which ...
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2answers
467 views

Making Malt-Free Bread

The bread I make has been inconsistent in how it turns out each time. I follow the "Artisan Bread in 5 Minutes a Day" method for making bread. Sometimes it rises really nice, other times it barely ...
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3answers
22k views

My hand mixer came with dough hooks, can I knead dough with it?

I bought a fairly inexpensive (<$50) hand mixer a while back, and when I was organizing the kitchen I came across a set of dough hook attachments for it. I thought dough was too heavy for a hand ...
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4answers
2k views

Bread has tough, crunchy crust but is underbaked in the middle - how to fix?

I've been attempting to make white bread using a recipe from my grandmother. However, since she used to bake this bread every weekend and could probably have done it in her sleep, when she wrote down ...
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3answers
629 views

Bread doesn't split at the score

I've got to the point where my bread springs beautifully (I can see it grow). Unfortunately, no matter how I score it, the score always spreads open gently, then hardens along with the rest of the ...
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4answers
5k views

How to get a sourdough like effect without the hassle of a real sourdough starter?

I enjoy making bread, but the bread I make using standard yeast of course lacks that sourdough taste. But the process of making and maintaining a sourdough starter frankly requires a bit too much ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the easiest way to measure bread's rising?

How can I easily measure the volume of my bread as it rises? I usually eyeball it or test for feel, but this isn't very accurate, and definitely isn't getting the full rising potential out of it. ...
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2answers
1k views

Would honey and molasses be liquids or sugars in a bread formula?

If 60-85% is the percentage range for the liquid amount in a bread formula, and 0-10% for the sugar amount, my question would be if you are using honey and molasses in the formula would they be ...
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2answers
4k views

Bread dough only rises once

I'm new at baking bread but had a very experienced coach. The dough rises well one time but very little the 2nd time. If I put the dough into the baking pan to rise I get a good result, meaning it at ...
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2answers
1k views

What is sourdough bread?

I'm intrigued by all the questions about creating and 'feeding' sourdough starter. But I am unfamiliar with the bread itself. What is sourdough bread? how is it different than 'regular' bread. Is it ...
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3answers
12k views

How much “alternative” flour can I substitute for white wheat flour?

Most of the bread and bagel recipes I use (such as no-knead bread) call for only white wheat flour. I'd like to integrate other flours (such as whole wheat, flaxseed, and buckwheat) into the recipes. ...
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2answers
717 views

How do I make sprouted bread myself?

There are a few companies out there that offer sprouted bread (e.g. Food for Life). I am interesting in making bread myself. I have purchased some sprouting containers. Once sprouted the grain ...
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4answers
1k views

Can you make sourdough starter without throwing any away?

I'm curious if you can make the sourdough starter by adding flour to it, in a sense doubling the volume each time. So many recipes I see in books and online require you to throw almost half of it in ...
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2answers
3k views

How much dough will I need in order to fill a loaf tin?

I'm going to be making a loaf of bread in a 900 g tin (11" x 4.5" x 4" deep). What is the total weight of the dough I will need (when mixed) for a tin this size?
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1answer
227 views

Why add lupin flour to white bread?

We buy ordinary, American-style white sandwich bread from a national supermarket chain. I just had a look at the ingredients and was surprised to see that, in addition to wheat flour, it contains ...
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2answers
312 views

What is an 8.5 x 4.5in bread pan in UK lb based pan sizes?

An American relative has asked for an 8.5x4.5in bread pan for Christmas, but UK pan sizes are by weight: 1lb loaf, 2lb loaf, etc. How much dough would you put into an 8x4 (or 8.5x4.5) pan?
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3answers
2k views

How can I score wet bread dough more easily?

I've noticed that it is dramatically easier to score firm bread dough than wet bread dough. But, sometimes it's good to work with a wet dough for other reasons. Any tips on how to score wet bread ...
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3answers
6k views

Why did mold develop on the top of my sourdough?

I made some sourdough starter from scratch, using garden grapes, flour and water. It was wonderful for the first few batches. Today, I was going to get another bread batch going, and when I looked ...
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1answer
101 views

Do I have to adjust anything to add seeds to bread?

I have a go-to recipe for Honey-Oat Pain de Mie. I'd like to add about 1/2 cup total of combined sunflower and pumpkin seeds. Since I do bake it in a Pain de Mie pan, I'll pull a small dinner roll's ...
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2answers
493 views

Is there a reason to NOT use no-stick spray (Pam) for handling dough?

I've just started branching out into the more interesting and challenging breads. I'm not particularly skilled at handling dough and I don't have great coordination in my hands. To avoid using too ...
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1answer
2k views

When should I knead with oil and when with flour?

I have been experimenting with making bread and pastries and have tried kneading with both oil and flour. I have found that I tend to use flour with bread and yeast based loaves and oil with pastry ...
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2answers
325 views

What is the puffy bread shown in Chitty Chitty Bang Bang?

My son is infatuated with the movie "Chitty Chitty Bang Bang," and there's a delicious looking bread shown in a breakfast scene. It looks like a giant popover about the size of Dick Van Dyke's head (...
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1answer
2k views

Azuki Bean Substitute for Anpan

I want to try to make anpan and I was planning to use this recipe for koshian for the anpan's filling. However, I do not have access to azuki beans. Is there another bean that I can use as a ...
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1answer
385 views

Safety of Egg Yolk Glaze

Yesterday I baked a special loaf of bread with an egg yolk glaze. After it was mostly cooled I covered it with plastic wrap and set it on the counter to be served today. I am now concerned that I ...
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3answers
505 views

delaying moldy bread

I always keep bread around, home-made or otherwise. Is there a way to keep it from molding, or at least delay the process? I've tried the fridge with some success (extra day or two), but I don't ...
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2answers
58k views

How can I prepare bread dough to be cooked the next day?

I'd like to make some fresh bread for breakfast tomorrow, but don't particularly want to wake up at 5am to mix and prove the dough. How could I make the dough tonight so that I could just throw it in ...
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2answers
119 views

12-hour fermentation makes dough wetter

After bulk fermentation of my dough for 12 hours, I find that the dough is too wet or sticky. Should I bulk ferment for a shorter period of time, and retard it in the refrigerator? I'm currently ...
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1answer
315 views

Is my biga supposed to be liquid?

I'm trying my hand at Ciabatta bread and have just made the biga in preparation for making the bread tomorrow. I followed this recipe, which calls for the following proportion of ingredients for ...
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1answer
3k views

Can soda bread be successfully frozen, either baked or in dough form?

I have to cook for one and soda bread is better for my diet. Can it be frozen once baked, or in dough form so that I don't feel I have to pig out!?
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1answer
789 views

Prebaking bread, which internal temperature would you go for?

I've made a batch of Dutch Stollen and I want to pre-bake them in the oven and keep them in the freezer. I was thinking of baking them to 70ºC internal temperature. The yeast should be dead by then, ...
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1answer
10k views

How can you tell whether bread dough is ready for baking?

I've tried to make a special bread for making 'torrijas', the Spanish version of French toast. Very popular during easter, here. Twice, the bread didn't rise correctly in the oven, even after ...
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2answers
7k views

How can you know that your bread is done?

Most bread recipes give an estimate to how long that bread must bake. However, I find it hard to check whether it's done or not. I don't have a thermometer, and I don't think the toothpick trick works ...
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2answers
2k views

How can I bake bread using a mother culture?

If I want to make bread using a 'mother' culture what do I need to do? How do I go about starting the 'mother'? How should I keep the 'mother' going? and how do I use the mother in my bread? What ...
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1answer
376 views

Can I halve the Amish Friendship Bread recipe?

If you're not familiar with Amish Friendship Bread, or if it's been a while: Basically you mush the bag of starter every day for ten days. On days 5 and 10 you add one cup of milk, one cup of flour, ...
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3answers
447 views

Powdered Goat Milk in Bread?

A lot of my favorite bread recipes call for powdered milk (cow's milk). Particularly in some of the tangier breads, it would seem that goat's milk might be really tasty. Is there anything I should ...
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2answers
3k views

Why didn't my brioche rise?

This weekend I attempted to make this recipe for brioche. I did the first step and combined the the milk, yeast, 1 egg and 1 cup of flour which caused very big clumps and then I added the sugar. I ...
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3answers
4k views

Why baste bread with cornstarch?

In this sourdough recipe, it suggests basting the bread with a cornstarch slurry. I would assume this is meant to promote crust development, but how does that work? I usually see such a slurry used to ...
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1answer
287 views

are there any appliances that can automate feeding of sourdough starter?

I am a pretty busy person, and the last two times I've started a sourdough starter, I've ended up forgetting to feed it, and it went bad. I never got anything good out of it, but there were times ...
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1answer
789 views

Why do crisp bread rolls have more water than soft bread rolls?

I was wondering why my recipe for crisp bread rolls needed more water than soft bread rolls.
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1answer
4k views

bread sticky after baking

I hope someone has an answer. Although I have been baking 2 or 3 loaves a week for 4 years using a breadmaker, and I haven't recently changed my flour mix or any ingredient proportions, my last 3 ...
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2answers
927 views

Can you make bread with the yeast in beer?

I am looking to make some beer bread by substituting beer for water in some of my favorite recipes. I have heard that beer has yeast though, so I was wondering if the yeast in beer would work to ...
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2answers
2k views

How can I make the exterior of my croissants less hard and more flaky?

My croissants look good and they taste fine but they have an extremely flaky/hard exterior, it is like a biscuit even though they are light in weight and have the bee caves inside as supposed. I would ...
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1answer
1k views

How can I reduce the amount of hooch my sourdough starter is making?

Sometimes my sourdough starter goes hooch (the brown liquid, alcohol) nuts and produces a ton. Other times it goes days and produces very little. I've never been able to isolate what causes this. ...
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1answer
1k views

How can I modify corn bread recipes to accomodate a wet filling?

I am hoping to make dough cups using a corn bread style dough. My approximate recipe would be, presumably, to par-bake initially, then fill with a pot pie style liquid/solid mixture, top with a corn ...
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2answers
630 views

How much calcium propionate should I use as a bread preservative?

Love to bake homemade whole wheat bread, but after a few days it becomes moldy. No refrigerator, nor freezer available. I understand that calcium propionate is a safe preservative, but don't have any ...