Flour and a liquid mixed together to form a thick, malleable substance.

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How long should I knead bread dough by hand?

Is there a general rule to the amount of time I knead dough? Some recipes will say "until it is considered soft and smooth". Regardless of what the recipe claims, I am kneading the dough for a minimum ...
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3answers
20k views

Can I substitute baking soda for kansui powder?

Related: What does kansui do to dough in noodle making? I'm looking to make my own 拉面-style noodles. I've read up a lot about kansui and making your own kansui with a powder mix of sodium and ...
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3answers
2k views

Pulled noodle dough: how can you realign the gluten after a failed attempt to pull?

I've seen many videos regarding how to knead the pulled noodle dough. The one recipe I used for this is: For hand pulled noodles you need: Bread flour (wet gluten 29-30%, protein 11%-12%) 45% added ...
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1answer
10k views

How does tangzhong (water roux) make bread softer?

As I understand it, tangzhong in relation to bread making is an Asian technique in which a portion of the flour in the recipe is pre-cooked with water to make a roux, before being cooled and added to ...
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127 views

What's the easiest dough for a Lemon Pie that still tastes good?

What dough would you recommend for when you need to wrap up a lemon pie fairly quickly?
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109 views

How can I “cheat” on dough maturation?

I found a good balance between leavening and maturation while using my favourite flour, my oven and my sourdough starter, the only problem is that the whole process, from mixing the ingredients and ...
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2k views

How can I save crumbly cookie dough?

I found a recipe online that required making cookie dough from scratch and then wrapping the cookie dough in wax paper and refrigerating for 2 hours. I made the cookie dough and it was way too crumbly ...
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12k views

Is it possible to make kataifi dough (by yourself or starting from filo dough)?

I really like the thready structure in this dish. But when I look for recipes, they all ask for a box of kataifi dough. I haven't found this in regular supermarkets (I haven't been to greek stores), ...
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346 views

How to shape the perfect bao dough

I made char siu bao for the first time last night and followed this recipe to make the dough. It came out great tasting but bad looking- I couldn't find advice on how to shape the bao correctly. Are ...
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3answers
6k views

What to do when too much liquid added to flour mixture?

I seem to have a bad habit of mis-calculating ingredients, particularly the liquid ones. Can I just boil off excess water that I've added to a flour mixture (in this case a pizza dough)? Any other ...
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2answers
149 views

Should I add flour to dough if I already weighed the amount?

I am using this recipe for pizza dough, and I received some seasoned advice from other members of this site to use a precise kitchen scale for weighing the flour and water. The question is, if I ...
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12k views

What does 'turn out' mean in bread baking?

An instruction in this recipe says: Gently turn loaf out onto a sheet pan that has been lightly oiled and dusted with cornmeal. I am confused by the use of the words "turn out". Does this ...
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1k views

pita bread crust too hard

I've baked my first pita bread in home, the pockets was almost well formed but the crust is hard, crunchy. I've applied some variations because of time/number/ingredients restrictions, in particular: ...
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2answers
1k views

Is there a technique to freeze gnocchi so they maintain their consistency?

I've made gnocchi, let them dry for 2 hours over the counter, place them in a plastic container with extra flour inside the freezer. Two days later I take them out of the freezer. After an hour the ...
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4answers
2k views

Salt 'n pizza (how much salt should be in the dough)

I've made a pizza today and thought the dough could use a little more salt. I've looked at this answer and have a question about the salt ratio. How is it calculated? The percentage of flour, or the ...
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1answer
76 views

Why is my dough not very stretchy?

I have tried simply dough recopies for potsticker wrappers or dough's slightly more involved like corn tortillas and no matter what, whenever I press the dough for shape it doesn't keep form and just ...
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3answers
129 views

Fatty liquid vs non fatty liquid in dough

I have been making bread at home over the past month or two using a simple 4 ingredient recipe with 60 - 75% hydration and have become familiar with the soft, light consistency of the dough when the ...
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3k views

Why does fat make chapati/parathas/pooris remain soft?

I want chapati and parathas (same dough is used for both) to remain very soft for a long time. I originally asked in the comments here: Why doesn't my whole wheat dough pass the Poke Test? and ...
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419 views

Why does my pizza dough stick to my peel?

I've been experimenting with Neapolitan pizza dough(recipe) and what I would call a normal wooden peel(here). I have run into trouble transferring the pizza from the peel to my baking steel in the ...
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1answer
188 views

What is the minimum temperature yeast will be active?

We all know that warmer temperatures mean more yeast activity (provided a food source), and that yeast survives freezing, but what is the minimum temperature yeast can perform fermentation? As I ...
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1answer
404 views

Does adding alcohol to dough prevent it from soaking oil when deep-frying?

Some culinary books and, for example, this Wikipedia article, state that adding alcohol (usually spirit) to dough, it will prevent the dough from soaking oil when you deep-fry it. Does it really work? ...
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1answer
2k views

What went wrong with my sourdough?

I tried making sourdough bread for the first time this week and it didn't work. I don't think it was a complete disaster but I didn't end up with anything that was eatable. I followed Paul ...
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3k views

What is the affect of adding alkaline or acidic substances to wheat flour?

What are the chemical reactions of adding alkaline substances to wheat flour dough and how does it change the properties and behavior? The same for acidic substances.
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2answers
4k views

Does it make sense to refrigerate the dough made for Parathas to be used after 8 hours?

Paratha: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paratha Flour: Wheat flour Dough ingredients: Water Salt Wheat flour I am planning to make this dough in the evening and keep it in the fridge for 8 hours to ...
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2answers
5k views

Why and when do you need to dock dough?

When making a pie, you almost always have to make holes in the dough with a fork. This is called docking. What is the exact reason for doing this? Are there kinds of pastry (puff, short crust, flaky) ...
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3k views

What can I substitute for Rice flour in a gluten-free pizza?

I am going to try to make gluten-free pizza for my wife, and I'm going to start with this Serious Eats recipe. The recipe calls for white rice flour, but my wife has just about everything EXCEPT ...
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1answer
82 views

Does it matter if I freeze dough before proofing?

I made some pizza dough today and only used 1/3 of it. The other portions I decided to put in the freezer to use later on. I froze them before proofing though. Does this matter? Should I have let them ...
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1answer
866 views

Lightening Bread

Is there a generally accepted method for lightening bread dough that is pretty general for a variety of breads; pizza crust, whole grain bread, dessert breads, etc.
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64 views

Whole Wheat Breads Dough Conditioner

I do a lot of cooking with 100% freshly ground whole wheat, and have noticed that it often is not very well conditioned. For example: My whole wheat tortillas are never flexible, even when I ...
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1answer
166 views

Lime substitute for nixtamalizing corn

I want to have a go at nixtamalizing some corn. Upon doing some research I figured I could find the lime (calcium hydroxide) that's traditionally used for the process at the local international food ...
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2answers
93 views

Do you need to break up a large dough ball into smaller balls for optimal proving?

I often make homemade pizza making the bases by hand from scratch. I'm going away with a group of friends and plan on making a very large batch of pizzas one night. I'll use a full 5kg (11 pound) bag ...
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2answers
239 views

Should you freeze pastry lukewarm? If so, why?

I have a book about baking in general. In the chapter 'Preserving pastry in the freezer' is the following sentence (I translated it for practical reasons): Pastry should be frozen as fresh as ...
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1answer
873 views

Sausage roll pastry - how do I achieve a smooth shiny effect?

I came across this on the net and would love to be able to make them for a party next week. ...
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1answer
449 views

Effect of adding wet ingredients to dry when making bread?

I inadvertently omitted the eggs from my challah recipe, but realized this only after the final step of mixing in and after fully incorporating the flour. Rather than throwing everything away, I ...
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2k views

Storing Bao Overnight--to steam and refrigerate?

I am making roasted duck bao for a dinner tomorrow night. I will form them all tonight and then refrigerate them until tomorrow. Is it best to steam bao before refrigerating and then steam again ...
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1answer
2k views

Can I use thicker pastry dough in place of fillo / wonton wrappers / lumpia wrappers?

I just concluded making bourek (sp. var.) yesterday and everyone commented how great it was. I have also made the Filipino appetizer lumpia, and some sort of triangle pastry with pine nuts (I forget ...
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3answers
191 views

When is it best to do stretch and fold versus mechanical kneading?

I have recently starting making bread using the stretch and fold technique, getting much better results in terms of crumb than previously using my kitchen aid and mechanical kneading. I'm wondering ...
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3answers
1k views

When should food colouring be added to part of a batch of bread dough?

I recently made coloured swirled bread, in which different colours of dough (in my case a coloured and an uncoloured piece) were rolled together and baked in the same loaf to give an interesting ...
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2answers
708 views

Butter Substitutions in the Quiche dough

I used to make quiche very often, but I really have a problem with dough, I want to reduce the amount of butter in the dough without making it very hard and unpleasant. Is there any way to replace ...
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2answers
3k views

My pizza crust is very hard and tough and not light and crispy, why?

I'm having trouble getting my pizza crust light , airy and crispy. I'm not sure if it's the mixing of the dough because I'm using a smaller mixer 20qt as opposed to my old 60qt. The bowl is not smooth ...
3
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1answer
7k views

What does kansui do to dough in noodle making?

I'm trying to understand how to properly prepare hand pulled noodles. I've read about Kansui and Lye water and in some instances I've read that they serve a similar purpose. However, after some ...
3
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1answer
354 views

Why do short pie bases require chilling before baking?

I understand why the dough should be chilled before forming it into the pie dish/pan, but often I see recipes wanting the formed base covered with wrap and put in the fridge for 20 minutes before ...
3
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1answer
793 views

How to make sweet-tasting noodles?

I've never made noodle dough before, and I want to try it today. However, I'd like to make the noodles more sweet. Is the base ingredient ratio for making the noodle dough one egg per 100g flour? ...
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1answer
319 views

Udon Noodles break too easily

I tried making Udon noodles several times and even though I've gotten a rhythm to do them, I still can't figure out why they break so easy when I blanch them. I use 1tsp lye water 8 ounces (1 cup) ...
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2answers
530 views

Why does my German nut strudel fall apart?

I have a recipe for nut strudel, which calls for the following: 2 cups flour 1 stick butter 8 oz cream cheese. I have made it twice, and both times the crust is all crumbly and does not roll well. ...
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3answers
1k views

Is salt important to the texture of dough?

Does salt have any effect on the texture of doughs? My mother in law has gone on an ultra low salt kick and has taken to not putting salt in anything. This includes her pierogi dough (you know the ...
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1answer
244 views

Why does the kneaded dough form a skin when exposed to air and what are the possible ways to prevent the skin formation?

I knead the whole wheat flour with water and when I am done I keep it covered with a loose lid on the kitchen counter for a hour. I have noticed that a brown coloured skin gets formed on the surface ...
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2answers
4k views

When making bread, should I add salt early or late? Pros and cons

A friend and I was to make bread together. We quickly found that we had been taught differently on how to make the dough. I had learned to first just mix flour, yeast and water evenly. Let them sit ...
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4answers
11k views

Should scones dough be sticky?

I decided to make scones for the first time and picked a high rated recipefrom allrecipes.com. It instructed me to combine the ingredients like a pastry dough (cold butter cut into the dry ...
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1answer
174 views

Is it possible to substitute butter with egg yolks in cookie dough?

I would like to know if it is possible to completely replace butter/margarine with egg yolks in cookie dough? Or in any other kind of butter-based dough while we are at it. And, if it is possible to ...