Questions about naming and translation of culinary terms and phrases.

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5
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3answers
87 views

When is a food considered a delicacy?

I had an interesting discussion today during lunch on when a food can actually be 'declared' a delicacy. Is there someone saying "this is hereby to be put on the delicacy-list", or is this something ...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

What is the difference between a Jus, Sauce and a Gravy?

I've just booked my Christmas meal. This included Sausage, mashed potatoes and an Onion Jus. Why Jus and not Gravy? Begs the question, What is the difference between a Jus, Sauce and a Gravy?
3
votes
3answers
96 views

What is a “raw smoked” gammon (or ham)?

In many recipes I've come across the term "raw smoked gammon" (sometimes also "raw smoked ham"). English is not my primary language, so such terms are sometimes difficult. This site has an answer on ...
35
votes
2answers
4k views

What is it about boring, normal ketchup that makes it “fancy”?

Ketchup, at least in the USA, is about as boring as a condiment can possibly get. It's hard to imagine anything "fancy" coming out of a tube like this: Why, then, is it frequently called "fancy"? ...
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vote
3answers
171 views

What are these called in english?

I'm looking for the names of "Rollfondant" and "Modellierfondant" in english. I'm new to the métier but as far as I can tell, Rollfondant is used to cover a whole cake, while Modellierfondant is used ...
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1answer
100 views

Cooking terminology: ingredient preparation vocabulary [closed]

This question pertains to food preparation methods. There are a number of web sites that have a culinary glossary wherein cooking terminology is discussed at length. There is no single resource that ...
1
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1answer
222 views

Can you call the stuffing you put in Turkey “filling”?

They seem a bit similar to me, but a lot of people argue that the answer is "stuffing" and that you can't call it "filling".
5
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2answers
2k views

Why is fish not considered as meat?

While reading a thread on cooking.SE an old question popped into my head: I am an Asian and had no problems with dishes with both meat and “fish”. But some of my elder German friends say that meat and ...
3
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2answers
421 views

How can I word “add bread crumbs until it feels right”?

I'm writing a recipe for publication on a site not written for expert chefs. It's a contest with a very nice cash prize. One of my recipes includes meatballs. My final ingredient is dry commercial ...
9
votes
2answers
899 views

What is the difference in blanching and parboiling?

From the time I was very young and just beginning to cook, I always heard about blanching but never heard of parboiling. I learned how to blanch vegetables to prepare for freezing, removing skins from ...
6
votes
3answers
347 views

What is the difference between noodles and pasta?

Is pasta just a fancy name for noodle? Or is pasta always an Italian style noodle? Is all pasta noodles? Or the other way around? This may be more of a language question than an actual food ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

Is “medium white sauce” a usefully distinct term?

I am familiar with a basic white sauce, or béchamel, and know how to make it. I recently came across a recipe (circa 1950's) that calls for 1 cup medium white sauce. Is this the same as a béchamel? ...
2
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3answers
888 views

Deconstructed food; simple, complex or both?

This question was asked on English Language & Usage and deconstructed food is a term I'd never heard before. One answer is that it is simply the constituent parts of a dish laid out separately on ...
19
votes
1answer
1k views

What is a liqueur?

I was sitting in a hotel bar sipping cocktails with friends last night, and as one of the less well-versed of us was casting an eye over the cocktail list, he idly asked "is vermouth a liqueur?". "Of ...
1
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1answer
225 views

What are the pips and skin of an orange?

When the orange is soft and cold, cut in half and remove any pips. Process the whole orange, including the skin, until medium chunky From: ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

What's the difference between a souffle and a mousse?

I thought souffles would be baked, while mousses would be only whipped, but I've seen recipes for cooked mousses before. Is this just a case of using the wrong name for the wrong recipe or are there ...
2
votes
2answers
214 views

What is Okinawan “yushi tofu” made from?

Here in Okinawa where I'm currently travelling, there is a dish called "yushi tofu" (Japanese: ゆし豆腐). So far I've only noticed it offered as a variety of Okinawa soba. (Okinawa soba is different to ...
1
vote
1answer
259 views

Are feral hog hind quarters hams, or a different type of pork?

I recently hunted feral hog and had one processed. I have two full bone-in hind quarters. I wondering if these are considered hams or a different cut/type of pork. How would one go about cooking a ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Meaning of the term 'tack' in bread making?

I have a recipe for oat and honey bread and it mentions the word 'tack'. Please can you tell me what this means? It says the following; "It should start coming together and getting more tack and less ...
1
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1answer
685 views

What is a Bamboo shoot called in Hindi?

I haven't seen these things in the markets here. How do I ask for them in the local market?
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2answers
111 views

Liquefying through long boiling

It seems my questions at ELL hit a dead end, that's not learner's level English...\ Is there a name in English for the process of turning ingredients of a dish into liquid through boiling them long ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

Difference between Potato Pancake and Hash Browns?

I was wondering what was the difference between these two potato recipes? Both of them seem to be near same but are referred differently. Is there even a difference or is it just word play?
5
votes
1answer
188 views

Goat cheese royale definition?

I have come across a few recipes that envolve a mix of goat cheese, cream and other hard cheeses. They're called 'royale' for some reason. Can anyone define the term 'royale' in this context. What ...
8
votes
5answers
268 views

Name of an Indian dish with stuffed whole potatoes

I had a lovely Indian meal which I would like to find the name of. There were small whole potatoes with a little hole cut into them and filled with spices and (I think) some lamb mince. They were ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

Is the “gamey” taste of venison just a polite name for “rotten”?

I have had a theory for a long time that it is the blood in the deer which causes the gamey flavor. Hunters gut the deer soon after a kill, but they don't bleed it or chill it for hours or days. It ...
29
votes
3answers
47k views

What's the difference between a cupcake and a muffin?

I was debating with someone today whether what we were eating was a cupcake or a muffin, but realized we didn't really know the difference. So what's the difference between a cupcake and a muffin in ...
6
votes
2answers
155 views

Is there a term for the differentiating effects on loaves of bread?

Say you make several loaves of bread which look very similar. You can put oatmeal on the white whole wheat, sesame seeds on plain white, poppy seeds on gluten free and cross hatches on rye. Is there a ...
32
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1answer
1k views

What does “do.” mean in old recipes?

I'm reading through a book of cocktails from 1865 and I often seen the measurement for a given ingredient listed as "do.". What does this mean? Examples: 40 1/2 ounces of roast and ground cocoa. ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

What does “curd” mean in a South Asian recipe?

I've seen the word "curd" used in a few South Asian recipes (like, notably, some "Butter Chicken" recipes). In one video, it kind-of looks like it might be cottage cheese (or something like that), ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What are the breads with big holes and small holes called?

What keywords should I search in Google or look for in recipe books when I need to bake a bread with big holes like this: For smaller holed breads is the name "sandwich bread" sufficient for ...
0
votes
1answer
535 views

Keep “soup greens” once done cooking?

I have a Polish cookbook (translated to English) from the 1950's and most of their soup recipes contain a bunch of greens/veggies but it's not always clear if they are just to be used as flavor or as ...
0
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1answer
526 views

What is sour cream called in Hindi?

I need to know it so that I can purchase it from the market. What is sour cream called in Hindi?
6
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3answers
3k views

Is wasabi considered to be spicy or to be a spice?

I was just talking to a friend about what to eat for dinner and he said he didn't want anything spicy. He then mentioned that Japanese food doesn't have anything spicy and I said "Wasabi". ...
5
votes
4answers
939 views

What makes a hot dog a hot dog?

I like hot dogs, but I'm always conscious that they are a means by which unspeakable bits of meat can be made appetising, even when they get a fancy name like bockwurst to cover the fact. So I bought ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Lost in translation: Pluma ibérico

In Spain,there are three popular iberian pork cuts: Secreto (or Cruceta), Bola (or Presa or Abanico) and Pluma. I have a question about the 'pluma' that I can probably ask without referring to the ...
3
votes
2answers
183 views

How can I specify the correct type of bacon in the US?

I'm in the US, looking for bacon like they have in the UK and (possibly?) Canada. However, if I ask for Canadian Bacon, I receive what is basically a processed ham product that I find far less tasty. ...
10
votes
4answers
7k views

What is the difference between quick bread and cake?

Quick breads, like banana or zucchini breads, seem to be assembled in an identical method and with similar ingredients as cake. Many recipes have comparable quantities of fat and sugar. So what is ...
16
votes
9answers
23k views

Difference between soup and stew

What are the technical differences between a soup and a stew. Specifically, I've always had some confusion on the differentation of stew and soup. For the most part, you can tell the difference by ...
5
votes
4answers
918 views

What do you call a scrambled omelette?

I sometimes fry vegetables and chicken, crack a couple of eggs into the pan and stir it all for a while. Serve as is, or with fried rice or noodles. Does this dish have a common name?
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Are 'sweet' and 'mild' - Italian Sausage - the same thing?

Do they refer to the same kind? Or is there a subtle difference? And what essentially encapsulates the concept of a sausage being sweet? Is it typical sucrose driven sweetness inherent to the ...
4
votes
2answers
566 views

What does 6% acidity taste like?

A friend and I have been doing research on a recipe and he encountered a statement to the effect that the result should be around "6% acidity." I am not familiar with what this would mean in the ...
2
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1answer
3k views

What other names are scallions known by?

If I can't find anything named "scallions" at the store, what else can I look for?
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4answers
3k views

Explanation of the phrase “Eye of Round Roast”

I need to translate the type of meat called "Eye of Round Roast" to Danish. It would be extremely lucky, if anyone here speaks Danish as well as having a quite good English cooking technical ...
2
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4answers
3k views

What are purple small Brinjals called in English?

There are white and green Brinjals too. Are the purple ones known by some special name?
17
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1answer
2k views

What international cooking terms sound similar but have different meanings?

I am not the only international user here, and I bet that others are just as confused as I am when we read something on an American-centric resource and the corresponding translation in our language ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the name for a chef's hat?

I would like to know what the long hat that chef's wear is called. Toque is what Google/Wikipedia proffer but is it really that?
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the English name for Chitra Rajmah?

What is this variety of kidney beans called in English? We call them "Chitra Rajmah" in Hindi. http://www.helloorganic.com/Rajma_chitra.html
18
votes
1answer
591 views

What is this French cuisine technique called, where “a piece of pheasant meat is cooked between two slices of veal, which are then discarded?”

A famed physicist Murray Gell-Mann compared a theoretical machinery in high energy physics theory to a technique in French cuisine, which he described thus: ... a method sometimes employed in ...
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1answer
261 views

What is macaroni cooked in milk called?

Is there a name for the partial dish where you simmer macaroni in milk for 30-60 minutes?
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4answers
323 views

Cookies called monte cows?

A family member recently inherited a recipe for some simple but delicious crumbly cookies from her grandmother. They consist of flour, sugar, and canola oil with cinnamon on top. The grandmother in ...