Questions about naming and translation of culinary terms and phrases.

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4
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1answer
54 views

Cobbler vs pie?

How is a Southern U.S. style "peach cobbler" different from "peach pie"? It seems to use pie crust rather than buscuit dough, and it's a woven top, not cobblestones. I'll bet if I put the same ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

Culinary term for non-flavor defining ingredients

In a strongly flavoured soup/stew, curry, or sauce, or salad, you sometimes add other ingredients (eg mixed vegetables) that do not strongly influence the flavor of the end result, but are chosen for ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Umbrella term for the 'ingredients' and 'utensils' of a recipe?

So every (good) recipe enumerates several lists of things: Ingredients: a list of all the foods/seasonings/etc. that you'll use when following the recipe Utensils: a list of all the tools, utensils ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the difference between a cobbler, crisp, crumble, buckle, and betty?

I've heard all these terms at different times but never really understood the differences. What distinguishes various fruit-and-topping desserts such as a cobbler, crisp, crumble, buckle, or betty -- ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Is picante sauce a type of salsa?

My dad asked for picante sauce at the store. I never heard the phrase, and asked if he meant salsa. He told me no, he meant picante sauce. He wanted Pace's picante sauce: This was opposed to Pace's ...
5
votes
2answers
444 views

What does “serving” and “serving size” mean?

I have a tin of 16 oz mixed nuts, whose label says Serving Size 1oz Serving Per Container 16 I have a can of 454g refried pinto beans, whose label says Serving Size 1/2 cup (124g) Servings Per ...
5
votes
1answer
126 views

What German product is the equivalent of cream in a recipe from the United States?

I'm looking at a Bolognese sauce recipe from a US cookbook and it contains the following ingredient: 1 cup cream, half-and-half, or milk Now I'm wondering what exactly the german equivalent of ...
-1
votes
1answer
64 views

don't like sweet food except for dessert

I don't like any sweet food except for dessert. For example I would not like stuffing with raisins. Is there any cooking / foodie term for this type of taste? Is it considered more / less ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

What is the term for simmering something in sauce?

What is the term called for when something, generally meat, is cooked in a large amount of sauce such that the meat is completely submerged. It is similar to boiling or simmering but instead of water ...
5
votes
1answer
146 views

Food Processor Feeder Tube Hole - What Is It Called and How Does It Work?

I've seen a useful tool on some food processors before, where they have a small hole in the feeder tube that is perfect for making mayonnaise. If you fill the feeder tube with oil, the oil will fall ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

What is the difference between preserves and conserves?

I will start off by admitting that I do see technical definitions here, but I did not actually learn that there was such a thing as conserves until today. I am used to putting jelly, or jam or ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Is there standard terminology for the doneness of bacon strips?

As you lower temperature on strips of bacon, you go from: a light, hot sear (very soft, chewy bacon), to a hot sear followed by a light saute in its own lard (getting towards al dente), to a medium ...
3
votes
2answers
310 views

What is the difference between sautéing and stir frying?

I put 1 tablespoon of oil in an iron Kadhai. Then after it gets a bit heated, I put a chopped onion in it, and start moving it with spatula so that it doesn't get burnt and gets cooked evenly. So, ...
6
votes
2answers
760 views

What does Joy of Cooking mean by “canned spaghetti”?

My sister was browsing through her Joy of Cooking (the 1975 edition, her copy printed November 1983) and found several recipes that call for things like "1 can spaghetti: 24 oz." or "2 1/2 cups canned ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Complete list of terms used to describe cooking methods? [closed]

I am trying to build up a list of all the cooking methods which can be used to cook something, including terms used in the stages of the cooking process used to cook such food. Here is what I have ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

Difference between sweating and sautéeing?

I would like to know the difference between sweating and sautéeing? Is the difference between the two, the fact that one uses oil, and the other uses fat, or are there any other aspects to be ...
1
vote
3answers
15k views

What is the difference between marinara and spaghetti sauce?

The title pretty much says it: What is the difference between marinara and spaghetti sauce? I Googled and got a bunch of hits but none of the answers left me feeling like I actually understand the ...
7
votes
1answer
652 views

Is there a difference between “magret of duck” and “fillet of duck”?

In my local supermarket, they have 2 kinds of duck breast meat: something called magret and something called filet. If you'd ask me to recognize which is which based on just the meat itself, I ...
-1
votes
1answer
146 views

Does “boiling milk” always mean pasteurization, especially in Mongolia?

The Lonely Planet guide for Mongolia uses "boiling milk" and pasteurization interchangeably: TB is a bacterial infection usually transmitted from person by coughing, but which may be transmitted ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

What's the term for cutting part way through a vegetable or fruit to increase surface area?

The other day I braised beef asian style (a bit of weak beef stock, sweet soy syrup, and dark soy sauce if you're wondering), and I put in some ginger. I wanted to keep the ginger together but give ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Live Tomato Zucchini Lasagna - what does live mean?

I was looking at the menu of Candle 79 - a vegan, organic restaurant in Manhattan. One of the items on the menu is titled: Live Tomato Zucchini Lasagna - cashew cheese, marinated wild mushrooms, ...
4
votes
1answer
140 views

Is there a name for the mushy sludge that forms around/benath meat as it cooks?

I've found the terms "aspic" and of course "drippings" and "gravy", but I don't think any of those quite describe what I'm asking about — for example, we just baked some meatballs and between each one ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

What is 'Musk' as used in this recipe

I recently made this truffle ravioli dish, it was an easy enough recipe, but I was confused about one thing: it calls for 'musk'. I didn't know what this was, my research only turned up musk melon, ...
37
votes
6answers
4k views

What does “natural” actually mean?

More and more I see "natural" or "all natural" labels on the slightly-cheaper alternatives next to "organic" products, and I find it somewhat confusing. I know that (for example) tofu does not occur ...
3
votes
3answers
211 views

What properties allow something to be considered “milk”?

Traditionally, milk is defined as (from Merriam-Webster): 1: a white liquid produced by a woman to feed her baby or by female animals to feed their young; especially : milk from cows or goats that ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the meaning of the term whole grain?

Often I have read that whole grains are healthy. So, what is a whole grain and what is a non-whole grain? The Pasta I have says "Durum wheat" as the ingredient. What should I understand by that?
1
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2answers
112 views

How to write the so called wooden tomato / wooden potato in Chinese (and where to find it)?

I once went to a Chinese restaurant with a Chinese friend, and there was this sort of yam which was white colored and covered with a whole bunch of red/pink dots resembling freckles and these dots ...
6
votes
3answers
706 views

What are “fondi di carciofo” called in English?

I would like to know what the English name is for the Italian word fondo di carciofo as I was not able to find it on the Internet. Basically, carciofo means artichoke and fondo means the bottom part ...
1
vote
2answers
142 views

What is the name for the 'sweetness' of cooling roast pork?

I did a slow roast pork today putting pork knuckles on the bone cooking for 8 hours in a dash of apple juice. After cooking, I left it to cool for an hour with the lid on. When I lifted the lid, I ...
6
votes
3answers
276 views

When is a food considered a delicacy?

I had an interesting discussion today during lunch on when a food can actually be 'declared' a delicacy. Is there someone saying "this is hereby to be put on the delicacy-list", or is this something ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

What is the difference between a Jus, Sauce and a Gravy?

I've just booked my Christmas meal. This included Sausage, mashed potatoes and an Onion Jus. Why Jus and not Gravy? Begs the question, What is the difference between a Jus, Sauce and a Gravy?
5
votes
3answers
505 views

What is a “raw smoked” gammon (or ham)?

In many recipes I've come across the term "raw smoked gammon" (sometimes also "raw smoked ham"). English is not my primary language, so such terms are sometimes difficult. This site has an answer on ...
37
votes
2answers
5k views

What is it about boring, normal ketchup that makes it “fancy”?

Ketchup, at least in the USA, is about as boring as a condiment can possibly get. It's hard to imagine anything "fancy" coming out of a tube like this: Why, then, is it frequently called "fancy"? ...
1
vote
3answers
187 views

What are these called in english?

I'm looking for the names of "Rollfondant" and "Modellierfondant" in english. I'm new to the métier but as far as I can tell, Rollfondant is used to cover a whole cake, while Modellierfondant is used ...
-4
votes
1answer
344 views

Cooking terminology: ingredient preparation vocabulary [closed]

This question pertains to food preparation methods. There are a number of web sites that have a culinary glossary wherein cooking terminology is discussed at length. There is no single resource that ...
1
vote
1answer
452 views

Can you call the stuffing you put in Turkey “filling”? [closed]

They seem a bit similar to me, but a lot of people argue that the answer is "stuffing" and that you can't call it "filling".
8
votes
7answers
64k views

Why is fish not considered as meat?

While reading a thread on cooking.SE an old question popped into my head: I am an Asian and had no problems with dishes with both meat and “fish”. But some of my elder German friends say that meat and ...
3
votes
2answers
443 views

How can I word “add bread crumbs until it feels right”?

I'm writing a recipe for publication on a site not written for expert chefs. It's a contest with a very nice cash prize. One of my recipes includes meatballs. My final ingredient is dry commercial ...
9
votes
2answers
6k views

What is the difference in blanching and parboiling?

From the time I was very young and just beginning to cook, I always heard about blanching but never heard of parboiling. I learned how to blanch vegetables to prepare for freezing, removing skins from ...
8
votes
4answers
8k views

What is the difference between noodles and pasta?

Is pasta just a fancy name for noodle? Or is pasta always an Italian style noodle? Is all pasta noodles? Or the other way around? This may be more of a language question than an actual food ...
2
votes
2answers
134 views

Is “medium white sauce” a usefully distinct term?

I am familiar with a basic white sauce, or béchamel, and know how to make it. I recently came across a recipe (circa 1950's) that calls for 1 cup medium white sauce. Is this the same as a béchamel? ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Deconstructed food; simple, complex or both?

This question was asked on English Language & Usage and deconstructed food is a term I'd never heard before. One answer is that it is simply the constituent parts of a dish laid out separately on ...
20
votes
1answer
2k views

What is a liqueur?

I was sitting in a hotel bar sipping cocktails with friends last night, and as one of the less well-versed of us was casting an eye over the cocktail list, he idly asked "is vermouth a liqueur?". "Of ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

What are the pips and skin of an orange?

When the orange is soft and cold, cut in half and remove any pips. Process the whole orange, including the skin, until medium chunky From: ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

What's the difference between a souffle and a mousse?

I thought souffles would be baked, while mousses would be only whipped, but I've seen recipes for cooked mousses before. Is this just a case of using the wrong name for the wrong recipe or are there ...
3
votes
2answers
343 views

What is Okinawan “yushi tofu” made from?

Here in Okinawa where I'm currently travelling, there is a dish called "yushi tofu" (Japanese: ゆし豆腐). So far I've only noticed it offered as a variety of Okinawa soba. (Okinawa soba is different to ...
2
votes
1answer
505 views

Are feral hog hind quarters hams, or a different type of pork?

I recently hunted feral hog and had one processed. I have two full bone-in hind quarters. I wondering if these are considered hams or a different cut/type of pork. How would one go about cooking a ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

Meaning of the term 'tack' in bread making?

I have a recipe for oat and honey bread and it mentions the word 'tack'. Please can you tell me what this means? It says the following; "It should start coming together and getting more tack and less ...
2
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1answer
2k views

What is a Bamboo shoot called in Hindi?

I haven't seen these things in the markets here. How do I ask for them in the local market?
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2answers
116 views

Liquefying through long boiling

It seems my questions at ELL hit a dead end, that's not learner's level English...\ Is there a name in English for the process of turning ingredients of a dish into liquid through boiling them long ...