Questions about naming and translation of culinary terms and phrases.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

0
votes
1answer
60 views

Does “boiling milk” always mean pasteurization, especially in Mongolia?

The Lonely Planet guide for Mongolia uses "boiling milk" and pasteurization interchangeably: TB is a bacterial infection usually transmitted from person by coughing, but which may be transmitted ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

What's the term for cutting part way through a vegetable or fruit to increase surface area?

The other day I braised beef asian style (a bit of weak beef stock, sweet soy syrup, and dark soy sauce if you're wondering), and I put in some ginger. I wanted to keep the ginger together but give ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Live Tomato Zucchini Lasagna - what does live mean?

I was looking at the menu of Candle 79 - a vegan, organic restaurant in Manhattan. One of the items on the menu is titled: Live Tomato Zucchini Lasagna - cashew cheese, marinated wild mushrooms, ...
4
votes
1answer
106 views

Is there a name for the mushy sludge that forms around/benath meat as it cooks?

I've found the terms "aspic" and of course "drippings" and "gravy", but I don't think any of those quite describe what I'm asking about — for example, we just baked some meatballs and between each one ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

What is 'Musk' as used in this recipe

I recently made this truffle ravioli dish, it was an easy enough recipe, but I was confused about one thing: it calls for 'musk'. I didn't know what this was, my research only turned up musk melon, ...
34
votes
6answers
3k views

What does “natural” actually mean?

More and more I see "natural" or "all natural" labels on the slightly-cheaper alternatives next to "organic" products, and I find it somewhat confusing. I know that (for example) tofu does not occur ...
2
votes
3answers
101 views

What properties allow something to be considered “milk”?

Traditionally, milk is defined as (from Merriam-Webster): 1: a white liquid produced by a woman to feed her baby or by female animals to feed their young; especially : milk from cows or goats that ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the meaning of the term whole grain?

Often I have read that whole grains are healthy. So, what is a whole grain and what is a non-whole grain? The Pasta I have says "Durum wheat" as the ingredient. What should I understand by that?
0
votes
2answers
80 views

How to write the so called wooden tomato / wooden potato in Chinese (and where to find it)?

I once went to a Chinese restaurant with a Chinese friend, and there was this sort of yam which was white colored and covered with a whole bunch of red/pink dots resembling freckles and these dots ...
5
votes
3answers
559 views

What are “fondi di carciofo” called in English?

I would like to know what the English name is for the Italian word fondo di carciofo as I was not able to find it on the Internet. Basically, carciofo means artichoke and fondo means the bottom part ...
1
vote
2answers
102 views

What is the name for the 'sweetness' of cooling roast pork?

I did a slow roast pork today putting pork knuckles on the bone cooking for 8 hours in a dash of apple juice. After cooking, I left it to cool for an hour with the lid on. When I lifted the lid, I ...
6
votes
3answers
159 views

When is a food considered a delicacy?

I had an interesting discussion today during lunch on when a food can actually be 'declared' a delicacy. Is there someone saying "this is hereby to be put on the delicacy-list", or is this something ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the difference between a Jus, Sauce and a Gravy?

I've just booked my Christmas meal. This included Sausage, mashed potatoes and an Onion Jus. Why Jus and not Gravy? Begs the question, What is the difference between a Jus, Sauce and a Gravy?
3
votes
3answers
200 views

What is a “raw smoked” gammon (or ham)?

In many recipes I've come across the term "raw smoked gammon" (sometimes also "raw smoked ham"). English is not my primary language, so such terms are sometimes difficult. This site has an answer on ...
36
votes
2answers
4k views

What is it about boring, normal ketchup that makes it “fancy”?

Ketchup, at least in the USA, is about as boring as a condiment can possibly get. It's hard to imagine anything "fancy" coming out of a tube like this: Why, then, is it frequently called "fancy"? ...
1
vote
3answers
179 views

What are these called in english?

I'm looking for the names of "Rollfondant" and "Modellierfondant" in english. I'm new to the métier but as far as I can tell, Rollfondant is used to cover a whole cake, while Modellierfondant is used ...
-4
votes
1answer
207 views

Cooking terminology: ingredient preparation vocabulary [closed]

This question pertains to food preparation methods. There are a number of web sites that have a culinary glossary wherein cooking terminology is discussed at length. There is no single resource that ...
1
vote
1answer
253 views

Can you call the stuffing you put in Turkey “filling”?

They seem a bit similar to me, but a lot of people argue that the answer is "stuffing" and that you can't call it "filling".
6
votes
7answers
28k views

Why is fish not considered as meat?

While reading a thread on cooking.SE an old question popped into my head: I am an Asian and had no problems with dishes with both meat and “fish”. But some of my elder German friends say that meat and ...
3
votes
2answers
434 views

How can I word “add bread crumbs until it feels right”?

I'm writing a recipe for publication on a site not written for expert chefs. It's a contest with a very nice cash prize. One of my recipes includes meatballs. My final ingredient is dry commercial ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the difference in blanching and parboiling?

From the time I was very young and just beginning to cook, I always heard about blanching but never heard of parboiling. I learned how to blanch vegetables to prepare for freezing, removing skins from ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the difference between noodles and pasta?

Is pasta just a fancy name for noodle? Or is pasta always an Italian style noodle? Is all pasta noodles? Or the other way around? This may be more of a language question than an actual food ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

Is “medium white sauce” a usefully distinct term?

I am familiar with a basic white sauce, or béchamel, and know how to make it. I recently came across a recipe (circa 1950's) that calls for 1 cup medium white sauce. Is this the same as a béchamel? ...
2
votes
3answers
951 views

Deconstructed food; simple, complex or both?

This question was asked on English Language & Usage and deconstructed food is a term I'd never heard before. One answer is that it is simply the constituent parts of a dish laid out separately on ...
19
votes
1answer
1k views

What is a liqueur?

I was sitting in a hotel bar sipping cocktails with friends last night, and as one of the less well-versed of us was casting an eye over the cocktail list, he idly asked "is vermouth a liqueur?". "Of ...
1
vote
1answer
365 views

What are the pips and skin of an orange?

When the orange is soft and cold, cut in half and remove any pips. Process the whole orange, including the skin, until medium chunky From: ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

What's the difference between a souffle and a mousse?

I thought souffles would be baked, while mousses would be only whipped, but I've seen recipes for cooked mousses before. Is this just a case of using the wrong name for the wrong recipe or are there ...
3
votes
2answers
260 views

What is Okinawan “yushi tofu” made from?

Here in Okinawa where I'm currently travelling, there is a dish called "yushi tofu" (Japanese: ゆし豆腐). So far I've only noticed it offered as a variety of Okinawa soba. (Okinawa soba is different to ...
1
vote
1answer
351 views

Are feral hog hind quarters hams, or a different type of pork?

I recently hunted feral hog and had one processed. I have two full bone-in hind quarters. I wondering if these are considered hams or a different cut/type of pork. How would one go about cooking a ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Meaning of the term 'tack' in bread making?

I have a recipe for oat and honey bread and it mentions the word 'tack'. Please can you tell me what this means? It says the following; "It should start coming together and getting more tack and less ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

What is a Bamboo shoot called in Hindi?

I haven't seen these things in the markets here. How do I ask for them in the local market?
1
vote
2answers
114 views

Liquefying through long boiling

It seems my questions at ELL hit a dead end, that's not learner's level English...\ Is there a name in English for the process of turning ingredients of a dish into liquid through boiling them long ...
2
votes
1answer
266 views

Difference between Potato Pancake and Hash Browns?

I was wondering what was the difference between these two potato recipes? Both of them seem to be near same but are referred differently. Is there even a difference or is it just word play?
5
votes
1answer
240 views

Goat cheese royale definition?

I have come across a few recipes that envolve a mix of goat cheese, cream and other hard cheeses. They're called 'royale' for some reason. Can anyone define the term 'royale' in this context. What ...
8
votes
5answers
294 views

Name of an Indian dish with stuffed whole potatoes

I had a lovely Indian meal which I would like to find the name of. There were small whole potatoes with a little hole cut into them and filled with spices and (I think) some lamb mince. They were ...
11
votes
3answers
6k views

Is the “gamey” taste of venison just a polite name for “rotten”?

I have had a theory for a long time that it is the blood in the deer which causes the gamey flavor. Hunters gut the deer soon after a kill, but they don't bleed it or chill it for hours or days. It ...
33
votes
4answers
70k views

What's the difference between a cupcake and a muffin?

I was debating with someone today whether what we were eating was a cupcake or a muffin, but realized we didn't really know the difference. So what's the difference between a cupcake and a muffin in ...
6
votes
2answers
158 views

Is there a term for the differentiating effects on loaves of bread?

Say you make several loaves of bread which look very similar. You can put oatmeal on the white whole wheat, sesame seeds on plain white, poppy seeds on gluten free and cross hatches on rye. Is there a ...
35
votes
1answer
1k views

What does “do.” mean in old recipes?

I'm reading through a book of cocktails from 1865 and I often seen the measurement for a given ingredient listed as "do.". What does this mean? Examples: 40 1/2 ounces of roast and ground cocoa. ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

What does “curd” mean in a South Asian recipe?

I've seen the word "curd" used in a few South Asian recipes (like, notably, some "Butter Chicken" recipes). In one video, it kind-of looks like it might be cottage cheese (or something like that), ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What are the breads with big holes and small holes called?

What keywords should I search in Google or look for in recipe books when I need to bake a bread with big holes like this: For smaller holed breads is the name "sandwich bread" sufficient for ...
0
votes
1answer
605 views

Keep “soup greens” once done cooking?

I have a Polish cookbook (translated to English) from the 1950's and most of their soup recipes contain a bunch of greens/veggies but it's not always clear if they are just to be used as flavor or as ...
0
votes
1answer
615 views

What is sour cream called in Hindi?

I need to know it so that I can purchase it from the market. What is sour cream called in Hindi?
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Is wasabi considered to be spicy or to be a spice?

I was just talking to a friend about what to eat for dinner and he said he didn't want anything spicy. He then mentioned that Japanese food doesn't have anything spicy and I said "Wasabi". ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

What makes a hot dog a hot dog?

I like hot dogs, but I'm always conscious that they are a means by which unspeakable bits of meat can be made appetising, even when they get a fancy name like bockwurst to cover the fact. So I bought ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Lost in translation: Pluma ibérico

In Spain,there are three popular iberian pork cuts: Secreto (or Cruceta), Bola (or Presa or Abanico) and Pluma. I have a question about the 'pluma' that I can probably ask without referring to the ...
3
votes
2answers
189 views

How can I specify the correct type of bacon in the US?

I'm in the US, looking for bacon like they have in the UK and (possibly?) Canada. However, if I ask for Canadian Bacon, I receive what is basically a processed ham product that I find far less tasty. ...
10
votes
4answers
8k views

What is the difference between quick bread and cake?

Quick breads, like banana or zucchini breads, seem to be assembled in an identical method and with similar ingredients as cake. Many recipes have comparable quantities of fat and sugar. So what is ...
17
votes
9answers
27k views

Difference between soup and stew

What are the technical differences between a soup and a stew. Specifically, I've always had some confusion on the differentation of stew and soup. For the most part, you can tell the difference by ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

What do you call a scrambled omelette?

I sometimes fry vegetables and chicken, crack a couple of eggs into the pan and stir it all for a while. Serve as is, or with fried rice or noodles. Does this dish have a common name?