Questions about naming and translation of culinary terms and phrases.

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12
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2answers
2k views

What is the meaning of the term whole grain?

Often I have read that whole grains are healthy. So, what is a whole grain and what is a non-whole grain? The Pasta I have says "Durum wheat" as the ingredient. What should I understand by that?
9
votes
5answers
11k views

What is the difference between roasting, baking, and broasting?

For example, when making a turkey for Thanksgiving, I generally place it in the oven (covered in foil or a turkey bag), and cook it for many hours at the recommended heat setting. I can crock-pot a ...
1
vote
2answers
112 views

How to write the so called wooden tomato / wooden potato in Chinese (and where to find it)?

I once went to a Chinese restaurant with a Chinese friend, and there was this sort of yam which was white colored and covered with a whole bunch of red/pink dots resembling freckles and these dots ...
1
vote
2answers
142 views

What is the name for the 'sweetness' of cooling roast pork?

I did a slow roast pork today putting pork knuckles on the bone cooking for 8 hours in a dash of apple juice. After cooking, I left it to cool for an hour with the lid on. When I lifted the lid, I ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the breads with big holes and small holes called?

What keywords should I search in Google or look for in recipe books when I need to bake a bread with big holes like this: For smaller holed breads is the name "sandwich bread" sufficient for ...
6
votes
3answers
277 views

When is a food considered a delicacy?

I had an interesting discussion today during lunch on when a food can actually be 'declared' a delicacy. Is there someone saying "this is hereby to be put on the delicacy-list", or is this something ...
5
votes
1answer
310 views

Goat cheese royale definition?

I have come across a few recipes that envolve a mix of goat cheese, cream and other hard cheeses. They're called 'royale' for some reason. Can anyone define the term 'royale' in this context. What ...
5
votes
3answers
506 views

What is a “raw smoked” gammon (or ham)?

In many recipes I've come across the term "raw smoked gammon" (sometimes also "raw smoked ham"). English is not my primary language, so such terms are sometimes difficult. This site has an answer on ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

What is the difference between a Jus, Sauce and a Gravy?

I've just booked my Christmas meal. This included Sausage, mashed potatoes and an Onion Jus. Why Jus and not Gravy? Begs the question, What is the difference between a Jus, Sauce and a Gravy?
37
votes
2answers
5k views

What is it about boring, normal ketchup that makes it “fancy”?

Ketchup, at least in the USA, is about as boring as a condiment can possibly get. It's hard to imagine anything "fancy" coming out of a tube like this: Why, then, is it frequently called "fancy"? ...
1
vote
3answers
188 views

What are these called in english?

I'm looking for the names of "Rollfondant" and "Modellierfondant" in english. I'm new to the métier but as far as I can tell, Rollfondant is used to cover a whole cake, while Modellierfondant is used ...
-4
votes
1answer
344 views

Cooking terminology: ingredient preparation vocabulary [closed]

This question pertains to food preparation methods. There are a number of web sites that have a culinary glossary wherein cooking terminology is discussed at length. There is no single resource that ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

Are 'sweet' and 'mild' - Italian Sausage - the same thing?

Do they refer to the same kind? Or is there a subtle difference? And what essentially encapsulates the concept of a sausage being sweet? Is it typical sucrose driven sweetness inherent to the ...
3
votes
2answers
443 views

How can I word “add bread crumbs until it feels right”?

I'm writing a recipe for publication on a site not written for expert chefs. It's a contest with a very nice cash prize. One of my recipes includes meatballs. My final ingredient is dry commercial ...
13
votes
4answers
12k views

What is the difference between quick bread and cake?

Quick breads, like banana or zucchini breads, seem to be assembled in an identical method and with similar ingredients as cake. Many recipes have comparable quantities of fat and sugar. So what is ...
9
votes
2answers
6k views

What is the difference in blanching and parboiling?

From the time I was very young and just beginning to cook, I always heard about blanching but never heard of parboiling. I learned how to blanch vegetables to prepare for freezing, removing skins from ...
2
votes
2answers
134 views

Is “medium white sauce” a usefully distinct term?

I am familiar with a basic white sauce, or béchamel, and know how to make it. I recently came across a recipe (circa 1950's) that calls for 1 cup medium white sauce. Is this the same as a béchamel? ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Deconstructed food; simple, complex or both?

This question was asked on English Language & Usage and deconstructed food is a term I'd never heard before. One answer is that it is simply the constituent parts of a dish laid out separately on ...
20
votes
1answer
2k views

What is a liqueur?

I was sitting in a hotel bar sipping cocktails with friends last night, and as one of the less well-versed of us was casting an eye over the cocktail list, he idly asked "is vermouth a liqueur?". "Of ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

What are the pips and skin of an orange?

When the orange is soft and cold, cut in half and remove any pips. Process the whole orange, including the skin, until medium chunky From: ...
6
votes
3answers
5k views

Is wasabi considered to be spicy or to be a spice?

I was just talking to a friend about what to eat for dinner and he said he didn't want anything spicy. He then mentioned that Japanese food doesn't have anything spicy and I said "Wasabi". ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

What makes a hot dog a hot dog?

I like hot dogs, but I'm always conscious that they are a means by which unspeakable bits of meat can be made appetising, even when they get a fancy name like bockwurst to cover the fact. So I bought ...
11
votes
9answers
16k views

What is slow cooking and what it is good for?

I've read several question about slow cooking, but I don't know what is it and what it's good for. Can someone explain it? Thank you!
2
votes
9answers
20k views

What is the correct French word for brisket?

What word can I use to accurately describe brisket of beef in French? I usually go to the butcher with a chart of US beef cuts and point to it but it neer seems to correspond to the same piece. Does ...
2
votes
1answer
505 views

Are feral hog hind quarters hams, or a different type of pork?

I recently hunted feral hog and had one processed. I have two full bone-in hind quarters. I wondering if these are considered hams or a different cut/type of pork. How would one go about cooking a ...
3
votes
2answers
344 views

What is Okinawan “yushi tofu” made from?

Here in Okinawa where I'm currently travelling, there is a dish called "yushi tofu" (Japanese: ゆし豆腐). So far I've only noticed it offered as a variety of Okinawa soba. (Okinawa soba is different to ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

Meaning of the term 'tack' in bread making?

I have a recipe for oat and honey bread and it mentions the word 'tack'. Please can you tell me what this means? It says the following; "It should start coming together and getting more tack and less ...
5
votes
6answers
5k views

Is there a difference between seasoning and flavouring?

I find the meaning of the word 'seasoning' slightly elusive. Before I started to take cooking seriously, I'd have said that any herb or spice used in cooking could be called a seasoning. Without ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

Explanation of the phrase “Eye of Round Roast”

I need to translate the type of meat called "Eye of Round Roast" to Danish. It would be extremely lucky, if anyone here speaks Danish as well as having a quite good English cooking technical ...
1
vote
2answers
116 views

Liquefying through long boiling

It seems my questions at ELL hit a dead end, that's not learner's level English...\ Is there a name in English for the process of turning ingredients of a dish into liquid through boiling them long ...
15
votes
10answers
229k views

Is granulated sugar (American) the same as caster sugar (UK)?

I have an american cake recipe which includes 'granulated sugar', would this be uk caster sugar? It is for the stage when you beat in with the butter?
2
votes
1answer
840 views

Difference between Potato Pancake and Hash Browns?

I was wondering what was the difference between these two potato recipes? Both of them seem to be near same but are referred differently. Is there even a difference or is it just word play?
8
votes
5answers
354 views

Name of an Indian dish with stuffed whole potatoes

I had a lovely Indian meal which I would like to find the name of. There were small whole potatoes with a little hole cut into them and filled with spices and (I think) some lamb mince. They were ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the English name for Chitra Rajmah?

What is this variety of kidney beans called in English? We call them "Chitra Rajmah" in Hindi. http://www.helloorganic.com/Rajma_chitra.html
7
votes
2answers
6k views

What does “curd” mean in a South Asian recipe?

I've seen the word "curd" used in a few South Asian recipes (like, notably, some "Butter Chicken" recipes). In one video, it kind-of looks like it might be cottage cheese (or something like that), ...
1
vote
2answers
592 views

Shredded steak for south east asian dish

I have a recipe for Nasi Goreng, which calls for 1/2 lb of shredded raw rump steak. I'm not sure how one goes about shredding steak - any suggestions?
6
votes
2answers
163 views

Is there a term for the differentiating effects on loaves of bread?

Say you make several loaves of bread which look very similar. You can put oatmeal on the white whole wheat, sesame seeds on plain white, poppy seeds on gluten free and cross hatches on rye. Is there a ...
36
votes
1answer
2k views

What does “do.” mean in old recipes?

I'm reading through a book of cocktails from 1865 and I often seen the measurement for a given ingredient listed as "do.". What does this mean? Examples: 40 1/2 ounces of roast and ground cocoa. ...
6
votes
3answers
37k views

Converting teaspoon/tablespoon measurements to mL? [duplicate]

I have been looking at curry recipes on an American web site and it gives measurements in teaspoons and tablespoons. I am not familiar with these measurements as we do not use them locally. Does ...
0
votes
1answer
868 views

Keep “soup greens” once done cooking?

I have a Polish cookbook (translated to English) from the 1950's and most of their soup recipes contain a bunch of greens/veggies but it's not always clear if they are just to be used as flavor or as ...
3
votes
3answers
9k views

Where can I find buttermilk in France?

The translation for buttermilk is given as babeurre, but this doesn't correspond to anything I can find in grocery stores or cheese shops here. I suspect that the word means something in Quebec but it ...
0
votes
1answer
771 views

What is sour cream called in Hindi?

I need to know it so that I can purchase it from the market. What is sour cream called in Hindi?
2
votes
1answer
4k views

Lost in translation: Pluma ibérico

In Spain,there are three popular iberian pork cuts: Secreto (or Cruceta), Bola (or Presa or Abanico) and Pluma. I have a question about the 'pluma' that I can probably ask without referring to the ...
3
votes
2answers
199 views

How can I specify the correct type of bacon in the US?

I'm in the US, looking for bacon like they have in the UK and (possibly?) Canada. However, if I ask for Canadian Bacon, I receive what is basically a processed ham product that I find far less tasty. ...
2
votes
4answers
4k views

What are purple small Brinjals called in English?

There are white and green Brinjals too. Are the purple ones known by some special name?
4
votes
4answers
3k views

How many milliliters is a “pinch?”

I found a recipe in English that mentions a "pinch" of something. English is not my first language, and Google shows that "pinch" has many meanings. Do I have to pinch it with my fingers, or can i ...
3
votes
4answers
27k views

What is curried tapenade?

I have just watched the A-Team film and B.A. seems to have an obsession with something called Curried Tapenade? My experience of Tapenade is that it's a Olive based dish and making a curried version ...
4
votes
2answers
810 views

What does 6% acidity taste like?

A friend and I have been doing research on a recipe and he encountered a statement to the effect that the result should be around "6% acidity." I am not familiar with what this would mean in the ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the difference between grits and polenta?

I've eaten both and except for the fact that sometimes polenta is a little bit more firm, they taste the same...Any southerners out there that can help?
2
votes
1answer
5k views

What other names are scallions known by?

If I can't find anything named "scallions" at the store, what else can I look for?