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About once a week I cook up a lot of food and recently I've been inspired to make a vegetable broth out of the veggie scraps that you'd normally throw away. Tried it once with some broccoli stalks and onion and it turned out well.

Today I put in a whole bunch of veggies and the broth became really bitter, completely inedible. I'm not entirely sure what caused this though, so I'd like to know if you can identify what it could be?

  • Broccoli stem
  • carrot peels
  • onion stems
  • whole sugar snaps
  • one lemon (most of the juice had been squeezed out though)
  • fennel
  • scallion

Jus to clarify I'd say the amount of each ingredient was pretty even, about the same, one or two handfuls.

I feel as if either the zest of the lemon, carrot peel and sugar snaps has the potential to be the villain here but my number one bet is the sugar snaps?

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    I assume that by lemon without juice you mean the whole peel. Both the yellow zest and white inners. The white inner is very, very bitter. – SZCZERZO KŁY Jan 29 at 9:01
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Both the broccoli stem and the lemon are likely culprits - they probably accentuate each other in a bad way. The lemon (pith) will definitely add a bitter taste on its own - as Spagirl mentioned, the zest and the juice are the non-bitter parts that you would add if you wanted lemon flavor without the bitterness. The broccoli stems are surely not helping either, though - I have added broccoli stems to broth and it was inedibly bitter. Everybody has different bitterness acceptability thresholds, and these thresholds can be shifted for various foods. It's possible you're more accepting of broccoli bitterness on its own than I am, but when combined with the lemon bitterness, it may bring it past your tolerable level. Or perhaps you added too many this time, or the broccoli was more bitter than your previous batch.

I would definitely recommend eliminating the lemon pith from future recipes to be safe, and recognizing that different heads of broccoli can have differing bitterness strengths depending on growing conditions, and act accordingly (See links below). Everything else on your ingredient list are non-bittering soup ingredients (barring food that has gone bad). Fennel, carrots, and sugar snaps sweeten broths, and onions and scallions flavor them (without making them bitter).

Link that explains that broccoli grown in hot and dry conditions appears to taste more bitter: https://qr.ae/TDDHbt

And you could blanch the broccoli stems (in case they're a bitter batch) before adding them to a broth: https://www.livestrong.com/article/476765-how-to-remove-bitterness-from-cooked-broccoli/

Edit to add: if you want to use up lemon peels, you can toss them with sugar to make a non-heated, non-bitter lemon syrup. It's incredibly useful and one of the best kitchen discoveries I've made:

https://www.seriouseats.com/recipes/2016/03/fresh-lemon-syrup-recipe.html

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  • Thanks for posting a really complete answer. – FuzzyChef Jan 29 at 21:56
  • Thanks @FuzzyChef! I just thought of something else to add... – lead Jan 30 at 22:46
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The reason we use citrus zest and juice is for the sharp, bright tang. The reason we don’t often use the pith, except in applications like marmalade where we want some of the effect, is because of its bitterness. So I’d guess the lemon pith.

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