Here on the Black Sea in Romania people are eating a shellfish called in Romanian "rapane" which they translate as "oyster" when I ask.

But they are elongated spiral shells which to me look nothing like the chunky flattish oyster shells in Australia. Besides which there is another Romanian word "stridie" for oyster and I can't find "rapane" in my print dictionary or any online dictionary. One person told me these are "sea oysters" as opposed to "ocean oysters". I've also been told they're not a native local species.

Here is a photo of a dead rapane shell on the beach and another of raw rapane waiting to be cooked:

dead rapane shell raw rapane waiting to be cooked

5 Answers 5


This is definitely a rapa whelk. These are indigenous to the seas in the far East, but got somehow imported into the Black Sea and overtook the ecosystem.

First, people around the Black sea didn't have much use for them. The waves washed the shells of dead whelks ashore and these got crafted into souvenirs for tourists. Then, people started fishing them and selling them to the Japanese, who ate them. At last, around the summer season of 2000 or 2001, restaurants along the western shores of the Black sea started offering them as food to their guests. Still, I think that much more of the catch is exported than consumed locally (but have no hard numbers for this).

Since the only people who eat them seem to be Japanese and recently also Bulgarians and Romanians, I highly doubt that they have a kitchen-specific name in English, or that you can buy them at all outside of the above locations.

Biologically, they're not related to oysters. My speculation is that innovative restaurant managers who wanted to serve them had to come up with a name which sounded like something posh (sea oyster) as opposed to one which is both common and associated with kitschy ashtrays (rapane).


They look like a species of whelk, which is a catch-all term for sea-snails. See the Wikipedia article here.

  • Thanks. I did try following articles on Wikipedia starting at "sea snail" and whelk did look the closest but Google searches for "whelk rapane" didn't give me much insight and I'm not familiar with whelk. Commented Jul 30, 2011 at 13:48
  • 2
    That's correct. It's a genus of sea snails called "rapana" in English.
    – ESultanik
    Commented Jul 30, 2011 at 17:08
  • 3
    It specifically looks like a veined rapa whelk (rapana venosa), which are common in the Black Sea.
    – ESultanik
    Commented Jul 30, 2011 at 17:11
  • It turns out "rapane" is the plural in Romanian of "rapana" which may have been a stumbling block for Google. Commented Jul 30, 2011 at 21:05

The following method works better than a dictionary most of the time when you have to identify plants or animals.

  1. Open the Wikipedia home page, and search for "rapane" in Romanian.
  2. Result #1 is rapană (I don't speak Romanian, but I guess it's the singular), and a cursory look at the pictures confirms that it's the same shell.
  3. On the left sidebar, look for the section "in other languages", and click on "English"
  4. You are redirected to the English page for Veined Rapa Whelk.

That's a bingo! Even a non-expert, non-Romanian like me could identify this species with no effort.


It's a conch, the common name for an edible marine snail. Not an oyster for sure. :)

  • Honestly, reading this post was the first time that I had ever heard of a 'whelk', and thought it looked like a conch, too. It seems that they're different, though : ncseagrant.ncsu.edu/blog/2015/03/02/…
    – Joe
    Commented Jun 15, 2015 at 11:27

In Ukraine these are sold preserved in jars with oil and spices, one of their kinds is called "Antalya". If they are popular in Turkey too, or this is just a marketing name - I don't know.

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