I recently discovered how easy it is to make panna cotta via a recipe by Mark Bittman. The only problem I found was that my panna cotta started to visibly separate into two distinct layers after a couple hours in the fridge. Google searches brought up others that complained of different types of separation, but mine was, unlike most, very much gelled layers with one creamier than the other on top. I enjoyed the distinction between the two while eating, but I would like something more evenly distributed in the future.

I followed Bittman's directions to the letter, with the same proportions and quantity of everything but the lime that I substituted for dried lavender to taste. Half an hour or so of cooling time before pouring brought it down to room temp, which was ~65F. I strained, poured, and chilled for 5 hours before serving.

Is there anything I can change in the future, including the proportion or mixing of half-and-half and cream (which I suspect is the cause of separation), that would prevent this from happening? I would not mind leaning towards an all half-and-half solution to this, as the richness of all cream feels kind of cloying to me.

  • 1
    The one ambiguous ingredient in that recipe is 'one packaged unflavoured gelatin' - how big is a package? Are you using the same size as he is? I have had the same trouble with different sizes of leaf gelatin. Oct 8, 2011 at 9:53
  • @ElendilTheTall – Good point, I ended up using an envelope of Knox gelatin instead of leaf. Given that both layers were gelled the same, I didn't think that mattered so much. Oct 8, 2011 at 19:58
  • Cream and milk usually mix up very evenly...
    – Laurent S.
    Nov 12, 2020 at 15:13

9 Answers 9


It sounds to me like you didn't get the gelatin dispersed properly.

Since the recipe you linked to doesn't explicitly mention it, and neither does your question, I'm going to assume that you didn't bloom the gelatin first. You must do this if you want proper dispersion of any gelatin product.

To bloom powdered gelatin, just sprinkle it over cold liquid and leave it (cold) until it's visibly swelled. This usually takes about 5 minutes. Then simply heat and stir (thoroughly) to disperse.

To bloom sheet gelatin, you do almost the same thing - soak them for a little longer (up to 10 minutes) in cold water a separate vessel, then squeeze them to wring out any excess water, and then add to your cooking liquid (in this case cream).

You might also consider use a stick blender/immersion blender to make sure that it is completely dispersed after melting. This is usually unnecessary for gelatin, but if you're blooming it and still can't get uniform distribution, that will help.

I'm certain that if you follow the proper preparation, your panna cotta will turn out fine next time.

P.S. Do be careful not to add too much lime or other acid; gelatin will not set properly at pH levels around or below 4.

  • This was my first time working with gelatin so I will definitely try that next time. Given that the two layers were gelled pretty well, just one obviously richer-tasting than the other, I wasn't sure if it was a gelatin problem or just cream floating to the top. Oct 8, 2011 at 18:54

I know more than a year has passed, but I'm usually late to the party.

This is not a problem with gelatin dispersion; it's simply that the cream separated from the milk and rose to the top. It happened to me once when I made panna cotta, too.

I have not come up with a solution to this, but I did learn something today that I hadn't known before (from America's Test Kitchen, so I tend to trust it): While milk and half-and-half are homogenized, apparently whipping cream and heavy cream are not. This explains the separation.

I'd be thrilled if someone knows a way to keep the cream from separating.

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    If the whipping cream is liquid when opened, it is homogenized. I sometimes buy an organic brand which isn't, and it separates in the package before opening, building a thick, non-liquid buttery layer on top which I have to stir into the rest before using it. But after the stirring, it needs a few days to separate again, so even nonhomogenized cream shouldn't separate in the short gelatin-setting time.
    – rumtscho
    Dec 8, 2012 at 0:23

I believe the different layers are milk as one layer and cream as the other. I have overcome the problem by waiting for the mixture to start setting, then giving it a good stir, BEFORE pouring it into already chilled moulds. This then enables it to fully set before the mixture has time to separate. I chill the moulds in the freezer so that they are really cold.


I believe this to be a cream , milk issue. The cream is visibly thicker and fatter than the milk when you look at at separate layers. I Know I lot about milk , I milk cows for a living , all I have done to stop this , is once The Panna-cotta has sat in the fringe for 30 min BEFORE it starts to harden up , I skim off the skin floating on top and re stir the panna cotta mixture. this does help.


It's odd that no one has thought that acidity might cause the problem. Lemon panna cotta is a common recipe. You could in effect be making very bad gelled cheese floating on the separated gelled whey.

  • The OP isn’t using citrus in their recipe.
    – Sneftel
    Nov 13, 2020 at 18:03

Hey also I find the method of cooling is has a huge affect

It is good to wait till the mixture is at room temperature before adding to the glass /jar / mould

And then put to the fridge

Put piping hot mixture in to the fridge will affect the setting of the pannacotta


I've had this happen to me the last 2 or 3 times ( I make some every week ) I've come to the conclusion that it is the cream floating like you used to get with milk bottles before homogenisation came in as main stream. I'm gonna try and cool the mix a little and stirring before potting


It's the gelatin. If it were the cream, the top layer would be fatty. As in the first answer, you need to 'bloom' the gelatin properly

  • Maillard1, welcome to the site. We have a rule here: new answers must give new insights - this has a lot to do with how the site works: Unlike most webforums that repeatedly add "I think so too" comments, we express agreement by upvoting existing answers. Please have a look at our tour and the help pages.
    – Stephie
    May 14, 2015 at 14:18

I don't think it is the gelatine. I strongly suspect that it is the mixture of milk and cream. I am going to make a test version using only milk to test my theory.

  • 3
    ...and we hope you will be back to add your results, making this into a very helpful answer. Annabelle, welcome to the site!
    – Stephie
    Oct 24, 2015 at 6:45

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