I'm trying to make a palindrome cocktail:

  • made by building the components, like for example the classic B52; and also
  • having the same ingredients going from top to bottom as it has going from bottom to top.

At first I thought it was surface tension that separated the layers of a built cocktail. However, it seems it is density that determines where a particular component will go. One of the resources on density I found was this spirits density chart. Now, of course: no particular spirit is found twice on that chart! This makes the palindrome cocktail quite a challenge.

The Question: Are there any products, tricks or techniques available to separate layers in a built cocktail without relying on density?

Some brainstorm-ideas I came up with but have no faith (yet) in trying:

  • Separate layers with a sort-off crême-brûlée-style crust. However this will most not seall off completely on the edges, plus I risk setting the spirits on fire.
  • Use some kind of gelatine product?

As a side note, even though my question is about a true palindrome drink (with the exact same spirits top-down as bottom-up), if there are no real tricks, I'd also be interested to see some added suggestions on a "fake" palindrome where it's just "looks" like a palindrome (color/transparancy wise). I tried this, but given the above density chart that felt as a hard-enough challenge in itself.

Logged attempts

I'll update this section as I experiment with provided answers (but the question above won't change, of course).

Palindrome-cocktail pt 2

  • A Cointreau + Baileys + butterscotch liquor. An attempt to make a color-based palindrome (a cheat!), but the colors are obviously not similar enough.
  • B Dark Rum + Cointreau + Dark Rum. The bottom dark rum was mixed with gomme syrup and even more sugar (as much as would dissolve) to make it sink to the bottom. Based on this answer below. Still have to work on color though.

Palindrome-cocktail jello-style

  • J1 Cherry-butterscotch-jello + lemon liquor + cherry-butterscotch-jello. The top jello kind-of sunk inside the middle melon layer.
  • J2 Cherry-butterscotch-jello + lemon liquor + cherry-butterscotch-jello. Same as J1, only more careful sliding the top jello in on the back of a spoon.
  • J3, the proof of concept! Melon-liquor + cherry-butterscotch-jello + melon liquor. First I put the bottom liquor in the freezer, then the jello on top (wiggle it in place), then more liquor on top, and wait a few minutes for the bottom layer to melt.


Although I'd accept any tricks that allow a basic palindrome-cocktail, I'd be extra happy if they allow for palindromes above 3 layers (so 5 layers and up).

  • Are you sure it's possible? I did a quick web search but nothing came up, except this: twitpic.com/79w0cy and I don't even know what the ingredients are. Or is it something you thought of yourself?
    – Mien
    Mar 19, 2012 at 22:16
  • It's a challenge we made up ourselves. This is what happens if you let nerds think of cocktails, I'm afraid :D. So I'm not sure if it's possible (though my gut feeling says "yes", there should be at least some kind of molecular gastronomy trick to do this?). Anyways, if no answer turns up at all then I'd accept "Nope" as the answer to my question ='(
    – Jeroen
    Mar 19, 2012 at 22:24
  • Well, I certainly think that there is a way to make a fake palindrome cocktail. But I also want to know if a true one would be possible. It's intriguing.
    – Mien
    Mar 19, 2012 at 22:26

4 Answers 4


You could, of course, create gel layers, and the determining factor in stability would be the firmness of those gels. However - and I suppose this is just a hunch - I seriously doubt that a gel firm enough to hold the weight of all the heavier layers above it (and you are asking for at least 3) would really be drinkable, unless you're aiming for the consistency of a "Jello shot".

A better idea, in my opinion, would be to simply change the densities of certain layers, and an effective (and tasty) way to do that is with sugar, or more accurately, sugar syrup. There's a type of syrup used in bartending called Gomme Syrup, which is a thick sugar syrup with Gum Arabic added to prevent crystallization (among other things).

Sugar, by itself, has very poor solubility in alcohol, but sugar syrups and gomme syrup in particular will have few problems, considering that's already how many mixed drinks are made (like Whiskey Sour). If you're feeling really adventurous, you could also use sugar alcohols such as sorbitol or xylitol, which dissolve readily in ethyl alcohol in solid form. However, these are much more potent (sweetness-wise) than sucrose and some people report gastrointestinal reactions, so use at your own risk.

Sugar syrups are very dense, so if you mix them thoroughly with a particular spirit, you'll end up with a heavier (and sweeter) version of that spirit. So to make your palindrome, start with what you'd normally put at the top (say GM for the B52), mix it with syrup (it shouldn't take an excessive amount - maybe 20-30% by volume, but you'll have to experiment), and layer that on the bottom. Then take the next-lightest, mix it with slightly less syrup, and continue. Once you reach what would normally be the densest liquid, layer the drink as normal up to the top with the "pure" spirits.

The more layers, the more math you'll have to do, because you'll need to make sure that you add just enough syrup to layer 2 so that it's lighter than layer 1 (bottom) but still heavier than layer 3, and so on. Unless you're prepared to make the drink very sweet, you'll need to be fairly precise in your calculations.

Disclaimer: I haven't yet tried this myself, as it's the first I've heard of anyone trying to do this. However, I see no reason why it wouldn't work with proper (careful) layering technique. In fact, I remember doing something very similar all the way back in primary school, called rainbow in a glass.

  • Thx, I'll be sure to try the gomme syrup suggestion later tonight. It's use is a wee bit limited to spirits that are transparent, otherwise the gomme syrup would change the color/transparency for the bottom version of the spirit. But I guess two layers of cointreau divided by something with color is a great start!
    – Jeroen
    Mar 20, 2012 at 7:31
  • 1
    @Jeroen: I don't think you'll find that it changes the colour all that much in the ratio being suggested here - and if it does, there are ways to change the colour as well (food colouring, heavy cream, etc.) Besides which, it's being a little anal-retentive; first get the concept and technique nailed down, then worry about finesse.
    – Aaronut
    Mar 20, 2012 at 12:39
  • To get a "drinkable gel", you're looking for a thixotropic gel. Serve carefully ;) as shaking will liquify it.
    – MSalters
    Mar 20, 2012 at 13:48
  • Didn't get around to the jelly (nor the thixotropic gel :O) yet, but I did have a go with gomme syrup (see the updated "attempts" section in the question). It looks like I'll be accepting this answer after a few more practice tries, when I can get the coloring right.
    – Jeroen
    Mar 20, 2012 at 19:40
  • @Jeroen: Looking good. If you care more about appearance than taste, you might just try mixing the top layers with the same amount of water as you did for the bottom layers with syrup. Water will change the density very little and should be fine on its own, or, you could concoct a sugar/gomme syrup with the same density as the alcohols themselves in order to change the colour without changing the density at all, if you find that it's too sensitive to pure water.
    – Aaronut
    Mar 20, 2012 at 22:30

Two approaches come to mind. In both cases, the idea is to stop insisting that the ingredients stay exactly the same in both positions (bottom and top), but instead to make them appear the same. Consider a cocktail that looks like (from bottom to top) A-B-C-B-A. Two ways to accomplish that are:

  • Use different ingredients on the bottom and top. So your cocktail construction is really A-B-C-D-E. B and D should be the same color, but B should of course have a higher density than C, D, or E. Similarly, A and E should also be the same color but different densities.

  • Start the same ingredients for corresponding positions, but alter them to change their densities. So, your A-B-C-B-A cocktail is really A1-B1-C-B2-A2, where A1 and A2 are the same spirit, but you've added a lot of sugar or something like that to the base A.

  • I like your suggestion, it was my first idea for a workaround as well. But do you have any suggestions for actual spirits to use in the first, "fake" A-B-C-D-E variant? I had a very hard time finding spirits with the same color/transparency but different densities.
    – Jeroen
    Mar 20, 2012 at 19:44

Try using food coloring to make one of the liquors match the color of the other one. For example, rum & vodka, then use a different color in the middle.

Though impractical, brine from the ocean sometimes drops to the bottom of the sea floor and refuses to mix with the rest of the ocean. If taste wasn't an issue, you could make one super-saturated with salt so it sinks.

Also, vary the temperatures of the same liquor, so the colder batch sinks. If you freeze it to near it's freezing point, perhaps with liquid nitrogen or dry ice, and keep another batch near the boiling point, perhaps in an oven, then they would not mix readily. You'd have to gently spoon it into the glass.

A combination of the above will also work.

  • You're saying a near-frozen liquor and a near-boiling liquor can be built? Wouldn't the temperatures equalize very quickly?
    – Jeroen
    Mar 27, 2012 at 6:50
  • The food coloring suggestion is interesting though, seems like an easy way to do it. This would probably work best with transparent liquor, no? If so, do you have any suggestions for what liquor to use? I found that transparent liquors all have similar denisities.
    – Jeroen
    Mar 27, 2012 at 6:54
  • I think that in theory, the near-frozen and near-boiling can work if there is another, temperate layer between them - but then you are left with finding a second liqueur whose room-temp density falls in the very slim margin between liq.1 frozen and liq2.boiling. And drink right away. Oh, and not get any of the taste, due to your mouth being subjected to extreme temperatures from both ranges of the acceptable spectrum (or beyond) at once. All in all, not a plan I would try executing.
    – rumtscho
    Mar 27, 2012 at 10:30
  • I also thought of another idea. Pour 1/3 liquor 1 into a glass, cover with 1/4" of water. Freeze the glass & water to form an ice barrier. Pour liquor 2 on top of ice. Pour liquor 1 on top of liquor 2. Voilá! This can also be repeated to layers 5, 7, etc. Use thicker ice at bottom than top, so as patron drinks, the ice melts by the time they get to that portion.
    – Chloe
    Mar 27, 2012 at 17:39

I have an idea! : )

Make some thin gel cups out of sodium alginate.

Put a gel cup inside your cylindrical glass then fill with the alcohol that you want. Then put a cup on top of that and fill that gel cup with a different alcohol. And then one on top of that and so on...

Then serve it with a straw so the straw can pierce through the gel cups and you can get to the layers that you want.

I think you can even flavor the gel cups with different flavors if you want to be fancy!

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