Why does my spinach pasta break when I run it through the cutter? Too dry? Need more gluten? Flour mix is half 00 and half semolina. Spinach is high-quality spinach powder.
In terms of the science of the dough, there are three probable culprits to consider:
Insufficient hydration. That is, your dough either doesn't have enough water (from any source, including for example, any eggs) to form a cohesive dough, or it has not rested long enough for the water to be absorbed into the starches of the flour.
The symptom for this is that the dough is in general crumbly and frangible, and doesn't want to hold together.
If this is the case, the remediation would be simple: add more water, and let the dough rest about 30 minutes.
Insufficient gluten development. Gluten is what gives pasta its strength. It needs both enough water (see issue number 1), and enough kneading to develop. You may need to knead your dough more.
If this is the case, knead by hand until it is cohesive enough to go through the rollers. The first rolls not only thin the dough, they continue to knead it, further developing the gluten.
The symptom for this is that it holds together when pressed, but not when worked, compared to the first issue.
Excessive interference. There may be too many other ingredients (such as the spinach powder) getting in the way of the gluten formation (see point number 2). They can physically impede the gluten from developing. You only want to add an accent of non-flour/water ingredients.
This would be the hardest case to recover from, as you essentialy would need a new recipe with a new balance. You could try making a second batch without the interfering agent, and combining them, but probably not worth the effort.
It is hard to tell if this is the case, versus number 2, unfortunately. If you are using a quality recipe, this is unlikely.
Not sure what spinach powder is...I typically make a fresh pasta dough with AP flour (though 00 is good too) and eggs. Put 3- 4 c flour on a board, create a well, crack in 3-4 eggs, mix, then knead (remove excess flour...or add more as necessary). When adding spinach, I use frozen that has been thawed and run through a food processor or blender, then placed in a towel to squeeze out as much moisture as possible. Add this to the well with the egg (a 6-8 ounce frozen package). The key here is, once the dough comes together, to knead well for 10 - 15 minutes. The dough should not be sticky, so keep dusting with flour until it is fairly stiff. Then wrap in plastic and let rest for at least 30 minutes. Cut off a piece to roll and run it through the roller. Dust with flour, fold in thirds and run it through (largest setting) again. Repeat 3 to 4 times making sure the dough is no too sticky. Proceed to thinner settings and desired shape.