7

I know you can get tools like the Bonk and MackaWhacka specifically for shelling macadamias but I've very rarely had them handy when I've needed to do it.

In the past I've sat macadamias in a little hole in the cement outside and smashed them with a hammer but it would more often than not damage the kernels as well. I'd ideally like a way which:

  • doesn't damage the kernel inside
  • doesn't require a macadamia-specific tool
  • doesn't take several hours per nut, and
  • doesn't involve risk of missing teeth and permanent disability
4

I've used C-clamps before. You set the macademia in it, then tighten it down 'til it cracks.

You can keep a gloved hand around the nut while turning the screw with the other hand to avoid the risk of flying shell bits. (but you should be turning slow enough that it doesn't crack explosively)

It does take some time, but it's less than a minute per nut. It goes faster when they're all similarly sized, so you're not adjusting the clamp signicantly to fit the next one.

  • 1
    Yup, a c-clamp or a vise is how we used to do it back when we still had a macadamia tree. – Marti Sep 23 '14 at 16:47
  • It's painfully slow but seems like the only suitable answer. – nathanchere Oct 2 '14 at 7:50
3

Macadamia shells take somewhere around 300 pounds per square inch to crack, which is an awful lot, but doable. Roasting may, according to some, make the shell more brittle, how long and how hot I do not know.

Using a hammer is of course one way, but as you say you can end up smashing it to pieces. I would try your hammer method again this time with a chisel. The chisel will focus the energy of the hammer blow so you can hit it much softer and more precisely. You could also try a vise as you can put loads of pressure on with high mechanical advantage. That's a load of winding and unwinding though.

If you have a large locking pliers I'd try that as well. Keep on ramping up the pressure using the adjustment screw until you get just enough to crack it.

Whatever of these methods you use please please please use at least eye protection! A full face shield may be better.

  • 2
    I made the mistake once of roasting chestnuts w/out cutting an 'X' in each one (I started to, but it was slow and tedious). There was enough moisture in them that they blew up. (and they continued to explode when I removed them from the oven ... luckily, I was wearing glasses at the time) It's possible that macademias may be strong enough that this won't cause problems, but if they do explode, I'd be very, very afraid. Shut the oven off, crack the door, but do not bring the tray out, especially not near your face. – Joe Sep 23 '14 at 12:18
  • 2
    Oh ... and for the hammer & chisel -- use a cold chisel, not a wood chisel. Otherwise, it won't meet the 'doesn't involve risk of missing teeth and permanent disability' criteria. (sharp chisel slides off the nut, and into you ... then the trip to the emergency room, and you might also fail the 'doesn't take several hours per nut' criteria, too. – Joe Sep 23 '14 at 12:23
  • good point @Joe, I've edited a plea for protective gear in. – GdD Sep 23 '14 at 15:39
1

Opening macadamia nuts is trivially easy. Just place the nut in the jaws of big vise grip pliers and wrap it with a napkin. Attach another big pair of vise grips TIGHTLY to the adjusting screw of the first and gradually crank down, holding the wide part of the first vice grip with the nut wrapped in a napkin. Crack! One perfectly opened Macadamia in less than 10 seconds!

Even inexpensive locking pliers from Harbor Freight Tools work well for this purpose. Name brand Vise-Grips may be overkill.

0

Check this link, snapguide . It shows a method that could easily be replicated, perhaps to crack several at one time. As I've read elsewhere, the trick to cracking the shell without destroying the nut is to place the nut in a divot. (I would use something slightly deeper than shown in the link.)

  • That's how I used to do it: hammer and divot in cement. – nathanchere Sep 23 '14 at 14:14
  • I saw that, but I was thinking that by using a larger, flatter surface than a hammer you may get better results. Since I haven't tried both ways I was taking a shot. – Cindy Sep 23 '14 at 15:40
-1

Perhaps a good mortar and pestle can do the trick.

This would be closely related to your hammer and divot-in-concrete method, especially if using a good strong mortar and pestle (mine is heavy granite). However, the benefits of this are that it is easier to handle and move (you can keep it at a workable height), you can control the force more precisely (several lighter taps to fracture, then tease the shell apart, mean less chance of the kernel breaking), the nut is more contained in a deeper bowl, and so won't flee if the strike is off-center (again privileging several lighter taps, preferably at different points on the shell).

In case I was unclear, the emphasis is on several sharp controlled taps to fracture the shell, not great strikes which might injure the kernel, or more importantly, yourself. Let the weight and hardness of the pestle do the work. The force of the strike, and the nut, will be contained in the bowl of the mortar.

Method is basically drop a nut in the bowl, thwap at it a few times until you hear a crack, move on to the next. If it won't tease apart after, drop it back in for a few more thwacks. I've shelled different kinds of nuts this way, though not macadamias specifically, but I see no reason it should not work if your mortar and pestle are of a decent size and weight.

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