When thawing frozen beef in hot water (meat in sealed bag / container in water), what is the maximum temperature that the water can be to not inadvertently start cooking the meat or otherwise affect it? The goal being to speed up thawing with the same end results as not using water.

What about pork and chicken, if different?

  • 1
    As a guideline I never exceed the intended target temperature of the cooked product. Depending on what kind of meat somewhere between 60-80 celcius.
    – tomvo
    Jun 5, 2015 at 17:34

1 Answer 1


You wouldn't want to exceed 100F, especially if you don't have good temperature regulation. Above this temperature (especially in fish) you'll start to see the texture begin to change.

But, if all you're trying to do is thaw the meat, it's more important to circulate the water than to have the water at a warm temperature. Water with strong convection currents that's even just 10F higher than your target "thawed" temperature (e.g. 35F) will thaw way faster than putting it in a still pot of water at 100F.

And, as an added bonus, bacteria grows fastest at ~107F. So the outside of your meat exposed is to temperature near 107F becomes unsafe in about 4h. In contrast, you can safely leave it in water at 86F for 7h and at room temperature 68F water for 18 hours.

So, moral of the story: Put it in a pot in the sink with the water dripping into the pot (to create circulation), and it will thaw fast but you don't need to worry if you forget about it.

  • 2
    I wonder where you got your numbers, especially the statement that it is safe at room temperature for 18 hours. The USDA definitely disagrees, see the quote in cooking.stackexchange.com/a/3474/4638
    – rumtscho
    Jun 6, 2015 at 14:04

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