Is it safe to use rainwater as an ingredient versus tap water - or even cooking things in it like pasta? Would there be any differences in measurements or cooking times - the thought being that there are no chemicals in it versus Tap Water?

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    I'm told it goes best with pure grain alcohol. For the safety of your precious bodily fluids. Aug 26, 2010 at 18:01
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    +1, Good question, very original. There may not be a definitive yes or no answer, but I've wondered the same thing. Aug 26, 2010 at 18:15
  • You can cook with swamp water if you boil it long enough. taste is another matter.
    – Alaska Man
    Mar 28, 2017 at 15:38

10 Answers 10


Keep in mind that tap water is tested to ensure it's safe for human consumption. Rainwater has no such requirement.

While rainwater seems to be a happy-fuzzy natural resource, I'd like to stress that this could be a serious safety issue. Yes, it seems unlikely, but you need an authority who knows their water.

I suggest seeking out a professional opinion on how to properly filter rainwater. Possibly from the people who handle your municipal water supply.

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    The answer is obvious. We need a government sponsored regulating body to enforce rainwater purity standards! Call your congressman. Aug 26, 2010 at 18:48
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    Actually -- tap water is tested to make sure it's safe when it leaves the treatment plant. Lead solder in pipes might make it not safe by the time it reaches you, and there have been incidents in areas where additives from the treatment plant caused it to leach more lead than expected. To make things more fun, the recommended testing method for lead is to let the water run for a minute before testing -- which I don't know anyone who actually does when getting water from the tap.
    – Joe
    Aug 26, 2010 at 20:25

You really need to filter it first. If you wouldn't drink it, don't cook with it (also good advice re: wine). There seem to be sources on the internet regarding how to make rainwater drinkable, so I would start there. (example: http://www.rain-barrel.net/drinking-rainwater.html)

If you're already drinking your rainwater, and haven't died yet, it's probably safe to cook with.

If you're planning on using it as an ingredient in baking, or any dish where the pH is critical, you may want to actually test the pH of the water you're putting in and try to balance the recipe accordingly (substitute some baking soda for baking powder, for example).

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    I thought the filters on rain barrels were just to get out the particles that washed off your collection area like leaves and gravel. I don't think it is to remove impurities from the rain. Aug 26, 2010 at 16:54
  • Anything that could be removed by a charcoal filter will have already been removed when the water evaporated and subsequently condensed and fell from the sky.
    – hobodave
    Aug 26, 2010 at 16:56
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    @hobodave Rain can pick up particles on it's way down, though. At any rate, I don't think anyone here is really an expert on drinking water safety, so I stand by my answer that you should only cook with water that's already known to be safe to drink. I think it's irresponsible to suggest otherwise.
    – Bob
    Aug 26, 2010 at 17:01
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    I'll second filtering. Rain requires something to condense on in order to form, so there MUST be at least some dust involved. Having been in rainstorms that left my windshield to muddy to see through... I wouldn't trust rain to be clean. It will be free of artificial chemicals, such fluoridation, however.
    – Scivitri
    Aug 26, 2010 at 17:16
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    Filtering is useless. Any microorganism will die if you heat water to its boiling temperature. So its a big difference between "drink it" and "cook with it". Rainwater contains a low amount of suspended solids but they are complete harmless for the human body.
    – Martin
    Aug 27, 2010 at 9:14

As long as you don't live in an area with bad acid rain, and you are catching it in a sanitary container without running it through gross gutters etc, it would be fine.


Rainwater, straight out of the sky, is generally safe, with some caveats depending on the location. For example, in a polluted area, it's probably not a good idea.

The 2 biggest issues are primarily how it's collected and how it's stored. Collection and storage are where rainwater can easily become contaminated by either chemical pollutants or biological pathogens. So, if you want to replace your tap water with rainwater, it'll take an investment in sanitary collection and storage devices/methods.

BTW. On desert hiking trips I have used rainwater collected from a tarp dripping into a pan and then filtered through a bandanna to remove dust. I had no worries since the terrestrial sources were questionable.

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    +1, this is common sense. You could say that all water is rainwater -- just some of it was rain more recently.
    – slim
    Mar 9, 2011 at 14:38

I would happily drink rain water in any amount, in most situations. But how that rainwater is collected and stored is a big deal. For example:

  • Roofs often have dirt and animal feces on them, and many roofing materials are treated with toxic chemicals.

  • Dirty, standing water is a breeding ground for bacteria, algae, and insects.


As long as there hasn't been a recent chemical, biological, or nuclear attack you should be fine. Acid rain shouldn't be much of a problem since it's only slightly more acidic than regular rainfall (which is already acidic).

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    That's a trippy answer :>)
    – AttilaNYC
    Aug 26, 2010 at 17:01

It is safe to use water from streams, rivers, and lakes in the US (not including those affected by nuclear power plants) if you boil the water to a rolling boil and keep it there for 3 minutes first. This kills bacteria which commonly live in bodies of water.

Rain water is unlikely to have giardia living in it, unlike streams, but sources indicate that it may contain some bacteria depending on the collection method. Therefore keeping your rain water at a rolling boil at a minimum for safety purposes.

Note that at least one scientist from Argonne National Labs also recommends filtering, but several others on the same site indicate that rain water should be perfectly safe.

Does this question mean we will shortly see rainwater cooked meals infiltrating the trendiest restaurants?


Florida born abd bred. My Grandparents and parents would let it rain for a while to clean the air. Then catch pots would go out to do just that--catch rainwater. It is soft, great for cooking dry beans and such, also for washing hair. Not from a roof, free fall rain


I live in Australia, outside city about 30 mins and 10 mins from the water. I collect straight from big plastic bins after it rains then bottle in your soda litre drinking bottles. I then boil it, let it cool and return to litre bottle and then fridge it. Tastes clean and as far as the process of precipitation, collection, boiling, cooling and bottling, it is common sense easily safer without the chemicals in treatment and pipeline rust corrosion of internal piping from standard water supply!!!! Make sure to keep your plastic collection bins are food grade at least, keep them out of the sun and clean before use!!!! Also I have read that chlorine in supply water is not great for seedlings, so going into your body cannot be any better. So the method to use is to boil water or leave in open container so chlorine will evaporate as a gas naturally from the water, standing overnight thereabouts.


Unless you live in an area so polluted that you have acid rain it is fine. We have had great rains this summer I have put some 10 gallon buckets to collect rain water and it is delicious to drink. It is a lot more PH neutral. You could cook with it but that seems a waste. I would rather drink it or feed it to plants

The only problem you could have is whether you as a landowner in a federal country have the right to collect rain water.

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