The bottom part of my Biryani always gets burnt, rice always gets sticky but I want each grain separated. How can I prevent burning & stickiness of rice?


Some options:

  1. Prepare the biryani in an oven (used when making biryani with uncooked meat) in a really thick, covered oven pan, with no foiling at 200 degrees Celsius for around 30 mins. It won't stick to the bottom or get burnt.
  2. Keep a cast iron tawa underneath the pot the rice is in. Rice won't stick.
  3. Add some ghee at the bottom of the rice before layering.
  4. Keep the heat low. "Dum"ming the biryani is steaming it rather than cooking it with high heat. You'll also need to seal the container.

The sticky rice at the bottom is called "khurchan", and some people actually find it delicious. The burnt rice is because of the lack of liquid and the high heat. Happens mainly because the water evaporates while cooking.

There's a similar question asked here: How do I avoid dry meat and burned masala and rice in biryana?

  • Great advice. Point 2(tawa) is a must-do if one is cooking in stove and the pot is thin-bottomed. – Ron May 25 '16 at 20:28

Soak the rice for 10 - 30 minutes. Drain the water completely and in low flame fry the rice in 1 - 2 tbsp of Ghee and then add it to your briyani masala . If you are using pressure cooker, add the rice after the meat is cooked and make sure that the water just covers the rice. and pressure cook it in low flame and turn off the heat after one whistle and let it to rest. The pressure will cook the rice and make you meat tender. Hope this helps.


I had that same problem. Turn down the heat. I use a ceramic pot, and put it just over 2 (thats electric cooker for me).

If it really starts to shimmer i think its to much heat. I put it on the heat just over 2 and then turn it of after 25-30 mins, let it rest in the meantime. Keep the lid on and don't open it!

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