I have a reduced sense of taste and smell; so when I cook, things like preparation times, cost of ingredients, energy efficiency, healthiness and to a small extent novelty of the dish play a slightly more important role than taste or even texture (for taste I usually just add some bitter Marmite or some extra hot Chakalaka). There is one taste that I do not like and that is the greasy taste.

Thus I sometimes find myself cooking some cheap cut of meat to put on bread. So I am asking how do I make my cooking more energy efficient? Here are the constraints: it should not be mince (unless that answer can be easily tacked on), the precooking preparation time should be most 10 minutes (the actual cooking time does not matter), it should use a minimal amount of oil (if at all), the meat should be well done and I am cooking in a stainless steel pot on an electric stove.

Should I cook the meat quickly or slowly (higher temperatures lose more heat per second, but cook the meat faster)? Should I cook it in water or fry it (for cooking in water, more heat is transferred to the meat, but energy is lost due to evaporation and it takes energy to heat the water)? The only thing that I am certain of is that I must cook with the lid on.

I am also interested in the science behind it.

  • If you don't care about taste, then is it an option to cut up the meat before cooking? Doesn't have to be ground for that to help. Or I guess you want the texture of the whole piece?
    – Cascabel
    May 20, 2016 at 6:15
  • @Jefromi I suppose that I am only interested in the physics and chemistry of it, is that on topic? If it is not, then I will edit my question to be more specific to how I cook later. May 20, 2016 at 6:29
  • 1
    If you are talking about pure energy efficiency of heat transfer then that's one thing. I'd suggest that cooking in the way that will give you the best taste and texture is the most efficient, otherwise you waste all the energy that went into the production and transportation of the meat in the first place.
    – GdD
    May 20, 2016 at 7:44
  • @GdD that is an interesting way to look at it. May 20, 2016 at 8:46
  • Ethiopian food has some raw meat dishes (gored gored; kitfo violates your 'no ground meat' restriction). There's also Italian carpaccio. I don't know if there are any non-seafood ceviche-type dishes : cooking.stackexchange.com/q/23238/67 . Oh, wait .. those would violate the 'really well done' part.
    – Joe
    May 22, 2016 at 12:32

4 Answers 4


As @Jefromi says, there is no simple answer. Also depends on your definition of "cooked".

  1. For water vs oil, most likely oil is more energy efficient. Frying a 16 oz steak takes only ~5/10 minutes, whereas boiling 16 oz of meat in water will take at least double that time, even if you use exact same pan and exact same stove. If you cut the meat more strategically, you can save some energy, which brings me to 2nd point.

  2. The shape of the meat will have a big influence. For example, a 1 inch thick tenderloin will take considerably more energy to "cook" compared to 4 tenderloin steaks of quarter inch, assuming you can lay all 4 steaks in a pan together.

There is a saying that in ancient China, stove fuel was hard to come by, thats why they always used to cut the meat as thin as possible so that the dish finishes cooking fast with minimum stove-time. Don't know if its historically accurate, though :)

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    Water doesn't have to mean boiling in water. As I said, you'd want a little but not too much. It does work better than oil, because oil only makes the heat transfer from pan to bottom surface better, while a little water to fill the whole thing with steam gets you good heat transfer everywhere.
    – Cascabel
    May 20, 2016 at 5:49
  • I think you're on the right approach w/ Chinese cooking -- my understanding is that it was intended to minimize fuel use. (although, it's possible that if you had remnant heat from some other cooking, that maybe the high temps aren't as necessary).
    – Joe
    May 22, 2016 at 12:19

Answering more as a chemical engineer - we study heat transfer.

A lid clearly reduces heat loss. A lid also turns the pan into an oven - you hold the heat and use it on the non burner side.

A little bit of water will put more molecules in the vapor phase for more heat transfer but dilutes flavor. More than little bit is waste. Steam is 1000 x the volume of water. My mom will steam sausage links to cook them a fast but I think it kills the flavor.

Oil increases heat transfer on hot side but too much oil just makes it taste greasy. It basically increases the contact area. Oil does not vaporize nearly to the extent of water so not doing much on the non heat side.

A pressure cooker on low to medium heat is going to be most efficient. A maximum amount of heat stays in the vessel. Let it build some heat and then turn off the heat and let it finish. You don't concentrate flavor. What goes in comes out.


I doubt there's a simple perfect answer. You'd want to cook it hot, but not too hot, and with a little bit of water water, but not too much. If you cook too hot you're wasting energy, since it takes time for the heat to propagate to the center of the meat. If you don't cook hot enough to at least keep everything at 100C, you'll be wasting more energy over time. If you don't have any water, then even with oil, you'll be cooking mostly just from the pan surface instead of all around thanks to the steam, while if you have too much you'll waste energy heating it.

So add enough water to fill the pan with steam until it's done cooking, perhaps half a centimeter or so, then heat it as fast as possible to get it completely hot under the lid, then reduce heat but leave it hot enough to stay like that. Might not be perfectly optimal but should be pretty good.

If on the other hand you had ground meat, you can cook it as hot as you want, and probably don't need to add any water since it'll release some. As long as you spread it out well, it'll cook much, much faster than a single piece of meat with the same weight.


One consideration that hasn't been mentioned in your selection of a pan. If you use something like cast iron, you require some time to heat it up, but it will continue to cook the meat even after you've turned off the burner.

A thinner pan will require leaving the burner on the whole cooking time.

Personally, I'd look into slicing the meat thinly so that you make the most efficient use of the surface area of the pan. Normally, I'd sayd that you'd want a little bit of space between pieces (1cm, 3/8") so that moisture will evaporate and you won't end up steaming the pieces too much, but in your particular case, vented steam is lost energy.

Personally, I'd probably consider cooking in the oven, under the broiler -- you're heating from the top, so the heat goes into the meat first, not the pan. Normally there's a little bit of pre-heating time, as you want the elements to glow red to get a good sear, but there's nothing preventing you from starting the meat in the oven when you're heating the elements.

If you have the opportunity to swap our your stove, you should consider getting an induction burner -- they're much more efficient in transferring heat to the pan than resistive electric burners.

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