In particular, this VARDAGEN Glass Bowl.
It's almost a quarter inch thick, feels heavy and solid, wonder if anyone has tried. Nothing fancy, just boil and soup kind of thing. I figure it's healthier than stainless steel. Thought?
No, you can't.
You should always assume glass is not safe to use on the stovetop. Essentially none of it is, and while there are a very few exceptions, they'll say so explicitly. (For example this set says stovetop-safe in the description.)
That bowl is nothing special, definitely not stovetop-safe - it'd shatter under the thermal stress. If you look carefully on the packaging, you might even find a warning that's not for use on the stovetop.