My dum biryani burns at the bottom each time even after using tawa. How about pouring a little water first just enough to cover the base of the vessel and arranging raw chicken/mutton at the bottom and then the half cooked rice on top for dum biryani ?? will it prevent burning and sticking of the chicken/mutton to the bottom of the vessel???
Keep the heat low. "Dum"ming the biryani is steaming it rather than cooking it with high heat. You'll also need to seal the container. Burning happens because of the lack of liquid and the high heat. Mainly because the water evaporates while cooking. So yes, a little water will indeed help, but make sure you keep the heat low. Don't worry if the rice at the bottom becomes sticky. It's called "kurchan" and some people find it very tasty. Another alternative is to prepare the biryani in an oven (when you start with uncooked meat) in a very thick, covered oven pan with no foiling at 200 degree Celsius for approximately thirty minutes.