What is the difference between the following types of Italian coffee?

  • Caffè lungo (long coffee)

  • Caffè corto (short coffee)

  • Caffè macchiato (coffee with milk)

  • Espresso

  • Cappuccino

marked as duplicate by rumtscho Aug 11 '17 at 11:11

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This image (from visual.ly) shows the difference between the mixture of ingredients and (possible) cup sizes of various sorts of coffee, including the ones you asked for:

A (caffè) lungo is 'just' an espresso prepared with more (twice as much) water than usual, making it less intense.

A caffè corto, more commonly called ristretto, is the opposite: less water (half as much) is used in preparation than with a normal espresso, making it even more intense.

For the macchiato, milk foam is added to an espresso; a cappucino has milk foam and steamed milk added to it.

Another important difference, when you're in Italy, is that you don't order a cappuccino after 10am.

  • Espresso is much, much shorter than in the first picture: the second one works better. And the cup for espresso and macchiato is different from that for cappuccino (the other three concoctions not being actual Italian ones, I would not judge their cups). – DaG Aug 11 '17 at 10:20
  • And never, ever ask for chocolate sprinkles on your cappuccino. – Snow Aug 11 '17 at 10:31
  • chocolate sprinkles on your cappuccino: Yes, but there is nothing against some powdered cocoa, which is sometimes offered by the barista or even used to decorate the surface. – DaG Aug 11 '17 at 10:33
  • 1
    Worth noting that these Italian drink names can mean fairly different things in different times/places/subcultures. Even just in 2017, buy a cappucino in a small corner shop in Rome, or in a Starbucks in LA, or a hipster coffee shop in Paris, and you’ll get three pretty different drinks. Coffee drinks, like any other recipes, evolve and branch over geography and time — don’t believe anyone who tells you “This is what a cappucino really is, and anything else is just wrong!” – PLL Aug 11 '17 at 10:34
  • @PLL: But the OP asks specifically about “Italian coffee”, so that is what we are talking about here, not Californian or French coffee... – DaG Aug 11 '17 at 10:35

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