I'm looking through an old cookbook, ''The Art of German Cooking and Baking'' by Lina Meier (2nd Ed., 1922, Milwaukee, file on wikipedia). There is a recipe for waffles here which calls for "1-2 cents worth of yeast." How much yeast actually is it calling for?

I know how much yeast two American pennies will buy me today: none. Practically, the smallest quantity of yeast I can buy today is an envelope of Fleischmann's active dry yeast, which, according to the internet, weighs about 7 grams (0.25 oz).

I've reproduced the recipe below since it is out of copyright and I've heard yeast is one of those ingredients where you've got to consider what's going on in the rest of the recipe. All I'm concerned about is the 'yeast' ingredient: how much does this mean in today's measurements.

                  No. 15—YEAST WAFFLES.

                 Quantity for 6 Persons.

½ lb. of butter                    ¾ pt. of milk or cream
4 eggs                             1–2 cents worth of yeast
¼ cup of sugar                     ½ lb. of flour
½ grated lemon peel                Lard for baking
                   1 pinch of nutmeg

Preparation: Cream the butter, stir in eggs, sugar, lemon
peel, nutmeg. The yeast is dissolved in the cream which has 
been warmed, stirred into the mixture, then flour added to
make a stiff batter. Set to rise in a warm place. Grease the
waffle iron, put in 3 tablespoonfuls of batter, close the iron
and bake the waffles light brown, turning the iron to bake on
both sides. Waffles must be baked and served quickly, because 
they are apt to lose their crispness and become tough. 
When serving, sprinkle with sugar and cinnamon.
  • (I couldn't find any tags related to quantity, please retag as needed.) Aug 25, 2018 at 17:42
  • 1
    beware of inflation, 1-2 cents is worth a lot more today :-)
    – Max
    Aug 28, 2018 at 11:26

3 Answers 3


I have no idea about historic yeast prices or measuring units, but there are typical ranges for yeast, and you are pretty flexible on the amount you use.

In bakers' percentages, 2% is a standard (for traditional wet yeast). You use more for rich doughs and short rises, and less for long rises. Your recipe is quite rich and short raised, so my gut feeling would be to start with 5% for the first batch and adjust in the next batch if needed. 5% of half a pound is 11,34 g, which converts to 3,8 g of dry yeast.

You could in principle chuck in the whole 7 g package as Cynetta suggests, but that gets into the range where you get the side effects of too quickly fermented yeast, which consist of off tastes due to ammonia and thiols. You might like that taste (many people whose grandmas baked on the "more is more" principle are accustomed to it), in which case just go for it. Else stay with the lower amount, and give it time to rise well (probably blubb, if it is as liquid as I imagine it from the recipe).

As a side note, you might want to reduce the eggs - home laid eggs in 1922 weren't the 55 g sold nowadays as a standard. Three instead of four would give you a more authentic taste.


King Aurtur Flour gives a guide of 1 packet of active dry yeast (7g, 2-1/4tsp) per 4 cups of flour. A cup of all-prupose flour has a mass of about 125g, if 'fluffed' properly. (Mind that in 1922, it was fresh yeast - active dry yeast wasn't developed until during WWII) Anyroad, to answer your question, 1 pkt (sachet if you are a Euro) is appropriate for this waffle recipe. (1/2 lb of flour is 227g) A bit more yeast (even double in this instance is just fine)

  • 1
    How much fresh yeast would this equate to?
    – Cindy
    Aug 25, 2018 at 19:15
  • @Cindy from thespruceeats.com/… : "Because fresh yeast has moisture in it, you should use 3 times the fresh yeast in weight for the same rising ability of instant yeast and 2.5 times the amount of active dry yeast." (but they then give 17.5g to replace a packet of active dry, and 21g for instant yeast / (0.6 g ; 0.9 or 1oz when dealing w/ blocks. )
    – Joe
    Aug 27, 2018 at 22:27
  • Parts of this conversation have been moved to chat.
    – Jolenealaska
    Aug 29, 2018 at 21:45

"Cent worth" is not referring to how much yeast you can buy for money. It's referring to 1-2/100 of it's weight.

So assuming (from my European knowledge) that package of yeast in 1922 was what we call now "compressed bakers yeast" (because it's long shelf life and the fct that they bought one big package at once) the weight was one pound.

So the recipe called for 2/100 of a pound.

  • 1
    That's interesting information. It would be a stellar answer if you could dig up a citation.
    – Jolenealaska
    Aug 31, 2018 at 8:00
  • This seems doubtful. Besides the Internet not knowing of such a rule, I dug up the book itself. It is bilingual, with all recipes printed in English and German, and the German recipe says "für 1-2 Cent Hefe", which is a German idiom used for price ("how much cheese do you want?" "for five euros, please") but not for weight measurements.
    – rumtscho
    Dec 22, 2022 at 17:27
  • If my conversion is correct, this is a weight of about 9 grams. A teaspoon of yeast is slightly less than 3 grams, so this would suggest 3 teaspoons of cake yeast. 2 teaspoons or one packet of modern active dry yeast should be adequate. Jan 22, 2023 at 5:09

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