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Recently I've been seeing an increasing number of packages with labels such as "Contains no added nitrates or nitrites (except those naturally occurring in the celery juice powder)". Does celery powder have any use other than as a method of sneaking nitrates into things?

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Yes, it tastes of celery. Celery is one of the three ingredients of mirepoix, the vegetable mix which is ubiquitous in French cuisine and has spread to many others. Current large-scale food production rarely includes slicing fresh vegetables into small cubes and browning them in a pan, but they try to add the ingredients in more convenient form. So, if you eat powdered soup or similar, it can be used for that.

On the other hand, if you are eating cured meat, then the most probable reason are indeed the nitrates. If you are looking at a certain type of cured meat (e.g. bacon), it is impossible to produce the same cured meat without nitrates *, but there are customers who are scared of "chemicals" and are more likely to buy the food if the label states that the nitrates are coming from a plant source.

* And in general, most types of curing are done with nitrates. There are types done without nitrates, e.g. the prosciutto pointed out in the comments, but they are the minority. And it is more difficult to create a safe process which cures without nitrates, since they have a preservative role.

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    With respect to your last paragraph, I'm tempted to ask the inverse question - does it have enough nitrates to preserve? But your answer here already suggests it does. – Chris H May 23 at 6:21
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    @ChrisH apparently, it is allowed by the USDA, so I assume it works. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celery_powder. – rumtscho May 23 at 6:29
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    "It is impossible to produce cured meat without nitrates" uhh what? Cured meats/fish have been produced for thousands of years using salt, sugar and smoke. Even today D.O.P. Prosciutto is cured without nitrites or nitrates. Nitrate/nitrites have only been introduced in the last 100 years or so. – ElectronicToothpick May 23 at 11:05
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    @ElectronicToothpick Nitrates use is ancient, see e.g. pods.dasnr.okstate.edu/docushare/dsweb/Get/Document-2055/… You are right that "impossible without" is too wide a statement, I corrected it to better reflect what I meant. – rumtscho May 24 at 9:07
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    @ChrisMacksey Lack of nitrates do not cause botulism. Botulism is extremely hard to grow, ie requires basically perfect conditions, as it is easily destroyed by salt and cannot grow in the low water activity of cured meats. The companies that produce industrially cured meats lied to the FDA and used botulism as a reason to why they need nitrates. Botulism cases are in the double digits, and are always caused by canned goods. The only difference is that nitrates let you cure in a couple of weeks, but traditional non-nitrate curing takes years – Nicholas Pipitone May 24 at 18:49
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As stated, celery powder is certainly used for flavor, in some applications.

But, as you are questioning, in cured items is has become in vogue to use it in an attempt to pretend that nitrates are not being used, which is misleading to say the least. In those items it is being used as a source of nitrates and frankly for marketing. I have seen multiple reports that bacon and ham for instance, sold as nitrate free but made with celery powder often are actually higher in nitrites which turn into nitrate than many made with refined nitrate and nitrite.

How can this be? Well, in the US, the USDA considered celery powder to be a flavor additive, not a preservative, even when the actual use is as a nitrate source. Frankly, any time the wording is similar to as you quoted, that no nitrates were added except naturally occurring..., then assume that is exactly the case, they added the item just for its nitrate content, not for its flavor or only marginally so.

  • this is the correct answer – jim Jun 22 at 3:11
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It's used as one of the spices in KFC's Seasoning. (Celery Salt being a 3:1 ratio of salt and celery powder)

Idk if you've ever made fried food using their seasoned flour recipe, but I recommend it. I always have a bowl of KFC flour and it definitely enhances any chicken parm, croquette, etc, that I ever made.

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