Questions tagged [language]

Questions about naming and translation of culinary terms and phrases.

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2
votes
3answers
226 views

What is a stem pan?

I have a vintage cookbook, from Charlotte, North Carolina and about 1958, that has a recipe for “Different Applesauce Cake”. It says to “Cook in stem pan approximately 1 hour, 10 minutes”. Searches ...
4
votes
3answers
421 views

What does resting mean

I'm a little confused with what resting actually means. I've typically seen this term being used where you move food (typically meat) from the oven/grill/heat and then keep it warm for "some time" (...
2
votes
2answers
142 views

Simmering, rather than caramelizing, onions (plus garlic and ginger)

I can caramelize onions, garlic, and ginger over 30 minutes, stir frying. But this requires me to stand in front of the stove for 30 minutes. Instead, I prefer to spend 90 minutes, adding a bit of ...
14
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2answers
12k views

What is wok hai and how do I get it in my food?

There is something special about food cooked in a wok called wok hai? What is it and how do I get my food to have it?
4
votes
1answer
116 views

What does it mean for a dish to be called poêlé?

I was watching a show and they mentioned Fois Gras Poêlé. Now I know what fois gras is so I looked up what poêlé meant since I assumed it was a cooking technique. However, Google (patent pending) ...
10
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5answers
4k views

What makes a hot dog a hot dog?

I like hot dogs, but I'm always conscious that they are a means by which unspeakable bits of meat can be made appetising, even when they get a fancy name like bockwurst to cover the fact. So I bought ...
3
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2answers
153 views

Is there an English word for the Spanish pepper called Ñora?

Is there an English word for the Spanish pepper called Ñora? I have translated the following from Wikipedia The ñora is a cultivated variety of Capsicum annuum or pepper, called "bola" in ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Recipe word for “not trimmed”

I'm trying to write up a recipe by weight and include both the "cleaned" weight and the "uncleaned" weight. I can't find a good word for "uncleaned" and I'm hoping ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

Choosing between semolina and non-semolina durum flour

I have a big confusion between flours, aggravated by the fact that I do not live in an english-speaking country and labeling and translations are confusing. I like fresh pasta and have experimented ...
188
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5answers
71k views

Translating cooking terms between US / UK / AU / CA / NZ

This post is an attempt to keep track of the terms that differ between dialects of English or exist in some dialects but not others: British / Australian / Canadian / American / etc. Please note that ...
2
votes
2answers
589 views

What is a casserole (vessel)?

Maybe it's because I'm German speaking, but I'm utterly confused by the concept of the concept of a Casserole. When I enter "Kasserolle" in the German Amazon I on the one side get dishes that look ...
9
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7answers
30k views

Is there a difference between Stew and Casserole?

Is there a proper distinction between a slow cooked meat dish labelled a casserole and one labelled stew? And if there is a traditional distinction would it be fair to say that the distinction is no ...
0
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2answers
265 views

What's the difference between thin crust pizza and a cracker

My friend says that thin pizza crust is nothing but a cracker, but I think there are significant differences between the two products. For example, if you buy a store-bought cracker and add pizza ...
1
vote
4answers
477 views

Is a pizza like this unheard of in the USA?

My idea of a pizza, bought from a pizzeria in Sweden (at least growing up and when I last did, which was a few years ago now), is as follows: A standard pizza dough is grabbed and turned into a flat ...
2
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1answer
182 views

A “puck” of frozen food

I found a recipe that calls for 5 “pucks” of frozen spinach. I cannot find a definition of the term. I need to know how many ounces are in a puck?
21
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1answer
4k views

What international cooking terms sound similar but have different meanings?

I am not the only international user here, and I bet that others are just as confused as I am when we read something on an American-centric resource and the corresponding translation in our language ...
1
vote
2answers
161 views

What is the difference between “water/drink enhancers” and cordial?

I was doing a bit of internet browsing today, and I came across this image (linked rather than embedded because of copyright), which shows a bottle of hand disinfectant along with three bottles ...
3
votes
1answer
206 views

What does it mean to let gluten relax?

I'm new to cooking and have no experience cooking. I know a bit about gluten in that it gives bread the toughness for stretching, which is good for chewy bread and bad for soft cakes. I've watched ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

“tomato sauce” vs. “tomato paste” [duplicate]

amazon returns almost 50 hits for "tomato sauce" and just 3 for "tomato paste" Do "tomato sauce" and "tomato paste" mean the same thing?
51
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5answers
180k views

What's the difference between a cupcake and a muffin?

I was debating with someone today whether what we were eating was a cupcake or a muffin, but realized we didn't really know the difference. So what's the difference between a cupcake and a muffin in ...
3
votes
1answer
360 views

What's 香茜 or 芫荽 in English?

Many Hong Kong Cuisine restaurants use 香茜 or 芫荽 in soup dishes. Please see the picture below. Are 香茜 or 芫荽 the same species of plant? What's the correct English translation? I'm hankering to buy ...
-3
votes
1answer
187 views

Why does thickening a liquid mixture's flavor by simmering called “reduction”? [closed]

What exactly is reduced? The amount of water? But it feels kooky to describe simmering water away as "reduction". What end product exactly are we reducing TO? The Science of Sauce ...
2
votes
2answers
151 views

What is the correct term for this method of cooking?

I'm a reluctant cook at the best of times but I'm interested to know what I just did. I got a massive bone for the dog from the butcher. There was quite a lot of meat on it so I thought the dog and I ...
3
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3answers
240 views

Flavor of wasabi, horseradish, mustard, capers, and jalapeño

What is the name of the flavor of wasabi, horseradish, mustard, capers, and jalapeño? Unfortunately, I'm not fond of the taste of the above ingredients. To me, they taste similar. I don't mind the ...
26
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5answers
7k views

Is there a word for the flavour shared by onion, spring onion, shallot, leek, and chive?

Among the flavours of onions, spring onions, shallots, leeks, and chives there is one that they share. Is there a name for it?
3
votes
1answer
94 views

What are the different parts of a zester called?

Earlier I was trying to describe which part of a zester to use and realized I have no idea what the different parts are called. I fell back on google, and was surprised to find nothing, there are ...
57
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5answers
24k views

Why isn't Almond Milk (and other non-animal based 'milk') considered juice?

As per the title, I consider "Milk" to be the substance secreted by living being to sustain their young, whether they be human, cow, dog, etc... Almonds do not produce milk to sustain their young, in ...
7
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1answer
2k views

Food Processor Feeder Tube Hole - What Is It Called and How Does It Work?

I've seen a useful tool on some food processors before, where they have a small hole in the feeder tube that is perfect for making mayonnaise. If you fill the feeder tube with oil, the oil will fall ...
6
votes
5answers
17k views

A different name for Manitoba flour?

I'm currently in Greece, I'm trying to find some Manitoba flour but it seems nobody here have ever even heard the name. And I asked in bakeries and restaurants, too, just to be sure to find it. What ...
5
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4answers
34k views

Is picante sauce a type of salsa?

My dad asked for picante sauce at the store. I never heard the phrase, and asked if he meant salsa. He told me no, he meant picante sauce. He wanted Pace's picante sauce: This was opposed to Pace's ...
15
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2answers
4k views

What's the process of making black garlic called?

it's not caramelized – it doesn't get hot enough. it's not fermented – the process is enzymatic, not due to fungus, yeast, or bacteria. it's not pickled – no acid brine is added it's not curing – no ...
4
votes
3answers
272 views

Name for a master “cook plan” that describes how you prepare and serve all courses of a meal

I'm writing some software and could use some help (from some experts!) naming something. In cooking, culinary arts, etc. I have to imagine that there exists a concept where you, the chef, have a ...
4
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4answers
1k views

What would “Disintegrant”, “Ammonium”, or the units of measure “glass” or “gl” mean in a non-American book?

Just purchased a baking cookbook online which, while written in English, is clearly from a country outside of the U.S. Units are metric, which is fine, but there a couple of terms with which I am ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

Are “shelled nuts” with or without their shells?

I'm using MyFitnessPal to log what I'm eating, and I can't figure out whether 'shelled pistachios' are pistachios with or without their shells.
6
votes
3answers
2k views

What does 'white' alone mean in cocktail recipes?

I've come across the two following cocktail recipes: East Meets West Absolut Raspberry vodka, Cointreau, St-Germain elderflower liqueur, pomegranate juice, lime juice, white The English ...
1
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4answers
400 views

Common term for “roughly-grind Semolina” (as used to make couscous)

A course common in all North-African coast cuisines is Couscous, which is made of "roughly-grind Semolina" lightly cooked or steamed with a bit of water and salt; Very often, a vegetable based stew is ...
11
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2answers
874 views

Is Irish buttermilk different from Estonian buttermilk?

I'm Irish but living in Estonia. Just now, I decided to make some soda bread which I have made a couple of times before. I bought some "pett", which Google translate and a professional chef told me is ...
8
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3answers
3k views

What does “Massage with salt” mean in a recipe?

I want to try this recipe for Vegan Lox by Tasty. Step 5 is Use a vegetable peeler to shave the carrots lengthwise into ribbons. Massage with salt. I don't understand what "Massage with salt" ...
22
votes
2answers
5k views

What does it mean that a pan is “anti jamming”?

Lots of shops call their food pans "anti-jamming", but I have not been able to find out what that means. I don't think it's related to radio communication or making fruit jam :) Here is an example:
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Interpreting recipes from a different culture (specifically India) [closed]

I've tried to make dahi (indian "curd", or yogurt) a few times, but it has always turned out more like cottage cheese (English "curds and whey") than like yogurt. This isn't necessarily bad (the whey ...
0
votes
2answers
217 views

What is the difference between connective tissue and suet/fat deposits?

A google image on the term 'meat connective tissue' seems to show what I believe to be fat deposits/suet in the case of meat pictures. So what then is the difference between fat deposits and ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Chilli powder in the UK

Today, chilli powder in the UK, as sold by the major supermarkets and the largest independent brand, is a US/Mexican style blend of powdered red chillis with herbs, spices and seasonings such as ...
6
votes
2answers
403 views

What's a pan and what's a pot?

In Dutch, we have just one word for pots and pans, which happens to be "pan", so I was surprised to learn about the word "pot". I learned that pans are for frying, which is why they are shallow and ...
12
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3answers
2k views

What is 'Musk' as used in this recipe

I recently made this truffle ravioli dish, it was an easy enough recipe, but I was confused about one thing: it calls for 'musk'. I didn't know what this was, my research only turned up musk melon, ...
12
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1answer
3k views

What's the difference between a deep fryer and a chip pan?

As described in the Wikipedia article, a chip pan is a pan that contains oil for frying. The oil is heated to a high temperature, and then usually a metal basket is lowered into the pan for frying of ...
11
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3answers
490 views

Can a fish living in fresh water be called seafood?

Pangasius (Wikipedia) says: Pangasius is a genus of medium-large to very large shark catfishes native to fresh water in South and Southeast Asia. ... In 2011, Pangasius was sixth in ...
3
votes
1answer
330 views

What is the English name of these sea snails?

What is the English name of sea snails sold in Vietnam that the Vietnamese labelled as Ốc bông & Ốc tỏi (Vietnamese)? Ốc bông Ốc tỏi
6
votes
2answers
732 views

What is the term for “plain” non-flavored ice cream

Me (russian) talked to my partner (american) about ice cream flavors. In Russia and post-USSR plain flavor (creamy-milky one) is extremely popular and often called пломбир. It is the default flavor, ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

As it relates to the Hospitality Industry what is a par level of product?

What does this mean in the Hospitality industry? As in the Hospitality Department will establish par levels of products Is this kind of like when your boss in IT tells you that there should always ...
17
votes
1answer
3k views

What does “lightly crushed” mean for cardamon pods?

I am currently attempting to make the “Fragrant Spiced Rice Pudding” on page 136 of “Gordon Ramsay’s Home Cooking.” I am a novice with cooking so forgive me if my question is common sense for those ...