Questions tagged [language]

Questions about naming and translation of culinary terms and phrases.

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8
votes
3answers
3k views

What does “Massage with salt” mean in a recipe?

I want to try this recipe for Vegan Lox by Tasty. Step 5 is Use a vegetable peeler to shave the carrots lengthwise into ribbons. Massage with salt. I don't understand what "Massage with salt" ...
22
votes
2answers
4k views

What does it mean that a pan is “anti jamming”?

Lots of shops call their food pans "anti-jamming", but I have not been able to find out what that means. I don't think it's related to radio communication or making fruit jam :) Here is an example:
51
votes
5answers
156k views

What's the difference between a cupcake and a muffin?

I was debating with someone today whether what we were eating was a cupcake or a muffin, but realized we didn't really know the difference. So what's the difference between a cupcake and a muffin in ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Interpreting recipes from a different culture (specifically India) [closed]

I've tried to make dahi (indian "curd", or yogurt) a few times, but it has always turned out more like cottage cheese (English "curds and whey") than like yogurt. This isn't necessarily bad (the whey ...
0
votes
2answers
157 views

What is the difference between connective tissue and suet/fat deposits?

A google image on the term 'meat connective tissue' seems to show what I believe to be fat deposits/suet in the case of meat pictures. So what then is the difference between fat deposits and ...
178
votes
4answers
64k views

Translating cooking terms between US / UK / AU / CA / NZ

This post is an attempt to keep track of the terms that differ between dialects of English or exist in some dialects but not others: British / Australian / Canadian / American / etc. Please note that ...
11
votes
1answer
630 views

Chilli powder in the UK

Today, chilli powder in the UK, as sold by the major supermarkets and the largest independent brand, is a US/Mexican style blend of powdered red chillis with herbs, spices and seasonings such as ...
21
votes
1answer
3k views

What international cooking terms sound similar but have different meanings?

I am not the only international user here, and I bet that others are just as confused as I am when we read something on an American-centric resource and the corresponding translation in our language ...
5
votes
2answers
275 views

What's a pan and what's a pot?

In Dutch, we have just one word for pots and pans, which happens to be "pan", so I was surprised to learn about the word "pot". I learned that pans are for frying, which is why they are shallow and ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

What is 'Musk' as used in this recipe

I recently made this truffle ravioli dish, it was an easy enough recipe, but I was confused about one thing: it calls for 'musk'. I didn't know what this was, my research only turned up musk melon, ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

What's the difference between a deep fryer and a chip pan?

As described in the Wikipedia article, a chip pan is a pan that contains oil for frying. The oil is heated to a high temperature, and then usually a metal basket is lowered into the pan for frying of ...
11
votes
3answers
459 views

Can a fish living in fresh water be called seafood?

Pangasius (Wikipedia) says: Pangasius is a genus of medium-large to very large shark catfishes native to fresh water in South and Southeast Asia. ... In 2011, Pangasius was sixth in ...
3
votes
1answer
288 views

What is the English name of these sea snails?

What is the English name of sea snails sold in Vietnam that the Vietnamese labelled as Ốc bông & Ốc tỏi (Vietnamese)? Ốc bông Ốc tỏi
6
votes
2answers
255 views

What is the term for “plain” non-flavored ice cream

Me (russian) talked to my partner (american) about ice cream flavors. In Russia and post-USSR plain flavor (creamy-milky one) is extremely popular and often called пломбир. It is the default flavor, ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

As it relates to the Hospitality Industry what is a par level of product?

What does this mean in the Hospitality industry? As in the Hospitality Department will establish par levels of products Is this kind of like when your boss in IT tells you that there should always ...
17
votes
1answer
3k views

What does “lightly crushed” mean for cardamon pods?

I am currently attempting to make the “Fragrant Spiced Rice Pudding” on page 136 of “Gordon Ramsay’s Home Cooking.” I am a novice with cooking so forgive me if my question is common sense for those ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Cobbler vs pie?

How is a Southern U.S. style "peach cobbler" different from "peach pie"? It seems to use pie crust rather than biscuit dough, and it's a woven top, not cobblestones. I'll bet if I put the same ...
5
votes
4answers
4k views

A different name for Manitoba flour?

I'm currently in Greece, I'm trying to find some Manitoba flour but it seems nobody here have ever even heard the name. And I asked in bakeries and restaurants, too, just to be sure to find it. What ...
14
votes
7answers
226k views

Why is fish not considered as meat?

While reading a thread on cooking, an old question popped into my head: I am an Asian and had no problems with dishes with both meat and “fish.” But some of my elder German friends say that meat and “...
4
votes
1answer
599 views

Fried rice vs pulav vs biryani

How can we differentiate between fried rice, pulav and biryani? As these three rice dishes look similar, are there any differences between three of them?
14
votes
4answers
3k views

What makes cake a Sponge Cake? And what doesn't?

I've been watching the Great British baking show and they refer to basically every cake as a sponge. I live in the USA and grew up in Australia. We just called cake, cake. I know how to make a ...
9
votes
1answer
398 views

What's the Hungarian Ashkenazi Yiddish name for burned rice at the bottom of the pot?

My mother-in-law used to make Chicken Paprikash, and she would usually burn the rice at on the bottom of the pot. Her three sons, my husband being the youngest would fight over it. There was a name ...
10
votes
4answers
24k views

What does “curd” mean in a South Asian recipe?

I've seen the word "curd" used in a few South Asian recipes (like, notably, some "Butter Chicken" recipes). In one video, it kind-of looks like it might be cottage cheese (or something like that), ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Is there a difference between “magret of duck” and “fillet of duck”?

In my local supermarket, they have 2 kinds of duck breast meat: something called magret and something called filet. If you'd ask me to recognize which is which based on just the meat itself, I wouldn'...
6
votes
2answers
43k views

What is the difference between a Jus, Sauce and a Gravy?

I've just booked my Christmas meal. This included Sausage, mashed potatoes and an Onion Jus. Why Jus and not Gravy? Begs the question, What is the difference between a Jus, Sauce and a Gravy?
7
votes
8answers
721 views

Cookies called monte cows?

A family member recently inherited a recipe for some simple but delicious crumbly cookies from her grandmother. They consist of flour, sugar, and canola oil with cinnamon on top. The grandmother in ...
16
votes
6answers
7k views

Is eggnog just a milkshake?

Last year I tried eggnog for the first time, following a homemade recipe involving egg, cream and sugar. The result tasted like a thin vanilla ice-cream milkshake (with spices and alcohol). Recipes ...
9
votes
2answers
11k views

What is the inside of a nut called?

My 3-year-old and I were sharing our traditional mix of Christmas nuts. He's getting pretty good at cracking them open by himself, and wanted to know what the part he eats is called. Anyone have an ...
1
vote
2answers
119 views

What is the proper term for real oil vs. flavoured oil?

Is there a better term for flavoured oil? For example, a "chili oil" is clearly not same as "grape seed oil" or "snake oil".
29
votes
7answers
159k views

What does al dente really mean?

Initially I was told that al dente meant that the pasta was cooked but still firm, definitely not soggy or overcooked. Later, someone told me that it meant not quite cooked all the way through. ...
27
votes
8answers
12k views

What are things like Bread, Rice and Cereal collectively known as?

I'm not sure if this belongs here or in the English language stack exchange but here goes: We have broad classifications like "Fruit" and "Vegetable" and "Meat"/"Protein". What do you collectively ...
3
votes
2answers
322 views

Is “medium white sauce” a usefully distinct term?

I am familiar with a basic white sauce, or béchamel, and know how to make it. I recently came across a recipe (circa 1950's) that calls for 1 cup medium white sauce. Is this the same as a béchamel? (...
12
votes
4answers
64k views

What is the difference between noodles and pasta?

Is pasta just a fancy name for noodle? Or is pasta always an Italian style noodle? Is all pasta noodles? Or the other way around? This may be more of a language question than an actual food question.....
8
votes
10answers
93k views

What is the difference between marinara and spaghetti sauce?

The title pretty much says it: What is the difference between marinara and spaghetti sauce? I Googled and got a bunch of hits but none of the answers left me feeling like I actually understand the ...
3
votes
3answers
30k views

Is picante sauce a type of salsa?

My dad asked for picante sauce at the store. I never heard the phrase, and asked if he meant salsa. He told me no, he meant picante sauce. He wanted Pace's picante sauce: This was opposed to Pace's ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the term for 'sunny side up' omelette?

I have a technique when cooking omlettes where you only cook them on one side, and gather up the edges - but let the cheese accumulate in the soft centre. Friends have suggested several names for ...
14
votes
1answer
371 views

What other English names are there for dried grapes?

In the US we refer to basically all dried grapes as raisins. In cooking shows in the UK I hear them refer to sultanas. I've also read that dried currants are really dried grapes, not actually the ...
5
votes
10answers
39k views

What is the correct French word for brisket?

What word can I use to accurately describe brisket of beef in French? I usually go to the butcher with a chart of US beef cuts and point to it but it neer seems to correspond to the same piece. Does ...
2
votes
2answers
506 views

Are the terms self-rising flour and baking powder different in the US and UK?

I made Mary Berry’s Cherry cake, which called for 275 g of self-rising flour and 2 tsp of baking powder, in an 8-inch pan. Went all over the oven. Are these ingredients different in the US?
12
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2answers
2k views

Why do we use the term Quick “Bread”?

I know there are questions here already about Quick bread vs cake, or muffins vs cupcakes. But I'm not asking about the sugar, fat ratio thing. I'm more interested in the "bread" part of it. To me ...
4
votes
3answers
190 views

Need translation of dish into English

I am trying to find for a descent equivalent for the Spanish "sartén de la abuela" or "sartén de los montes". That is, I want to know the name of the dish, how you order it from a menu, not the ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

What is a 'parmigiano pearl'?

I've read the following dish description in a wedding buffet menu: Truffle essence potato soup with parmigiano pearl I can't seem to find any relevant results using Google Search.
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What does 'white' alone mean in cocktail recipes?

I've come across the two following cocktail recipes: East Meets West Absolut Raspberry vodka, Cointreau, St-Germain elderflower liqueur, pomegranate juice, lime juice, white The English ...
1
vote
0answers
162 views

Is there such a thing as 'onion hair'?

I've been reading a food menu of a Qatari hotel, and I've come across the following dish description: Roasted stuffed quails (3) with golden onion hair and green pepper Naturally, searching Google,...
3
votes
1answer
165 views

Is sour cream in olde recipes the same as sour cream today? [duplicate]

I have a really old cookbook (about 1890) that calls for soured cream or sour cream in some recipes. Is this the same as the stuff you get in a tub at the store or is it like sour milk where you put ...
6
votes
3answers
396 views

What does it mean when a chef says a dish is a “rustic” dish eg. a “rustic pot roast”

I've been watching some cooking videos and frequently the chef would say that something he cooked was a "rustic" dish eg. "rustic pot roast"? What does rustic mean?
25
votes
12answers
59k views

Difference between soup and stew

What are the technical differences between a soup and a stew. Specifically, I've always had some confusion on the differentation of stew and soup. For the most part, you can tell the difference by ...
-3
votes
1answer
943 views

What is milk classified as once you pour it on cereal?

I recently came across an image posing the question of whether milk would be properly classified as a beverage, broth, or sauce once it's poured on a bowl of cereal. I'm not sure if it's any of those ...
5
votes
3answers
891 views

What is Okinawan “yushi tofu” made from?

Here in Okinawa where I'm currently travelling, there is a dish called "yushi tofu" (Japanese: ゆし豆腐). So far I've only noticed it offered as a variety of Okinawa soba. (Okinawa soba is different to ...
25
votes
5answers
6k views

Is there a word for the flavour shared by onion, spring onion, shallot, leek, and chive?

Among the flavours of onions, spring onions, shallots, leeks, and chives there is one that they share. Is there a name for it?