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Questions about naming and translation of culinary terms and phrases.

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4 votes
1 answer
196 views

What does “settled” mean when making puddings?

I’m hoping to make Amelia Simmons’s A Cream Almond Pudding from her 1796 American Cookery. The recipe is: Boil gently a little mace and half a nutmeg (grated) in a quart cream; when cool, beat 8 ...
Jerry Stratton's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
3k views

What does it mean for a liquid to "crack"?

I'm looking at a recipe for condensed milk, and a couple of the steps say the following: Do not stir once the mix starts to simmer otherwise it can crack and crystalize. if there are sugary bits ...
pacoverflow's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
243 views

What do you call the result of passing through a sieve?

Writing down an instruction to add the 'passed ingredient X' to bowl Y, I found the possible referring phrases getting slightly clunky, or else unspecific like 'the result'. With tomatoes it would be ...
ariola's user avatar
  • 755
1 vote
1 answer
227 views

What would (or do) you call komatsuna in English?

What if anything are these greens called in English? Likely brassica rapa perviridis.
Fattie's user avatar
  • 189
0 votes
1 answer
199 views

How many grams is one serving of great northern beans for an average adult?

I was told for my diet one serving of great northern beans, But I do not know how much that is so I bought a gram scale thinking I could measure it but I don't know how much to measure. I don't mean ...
Sedumjoy's user avatar
  • 854
18 votes
3 answers
2k views

Old biscuit recipe question - "until the dough blisters"

I'm reading through some old (early 1900's) cookbooks and something that keeps coming up is beating dough "until it blisters" - here's an example. VIRGINIA BEATEN BISCUIT. One quart flour. ...
biscuitman's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
3k views

Hash Brown Terminology

If I order fried eggs for breakfast at a restaurant/diner, there's a pretty standard lexicon to communicate quickly how I want them done-- sunny side up, over easy, over well, etc. Even if I mess up ...
Novak's user avatar
  • 181
2 votes
1 answer
599 views

Does "pastry" mean something different in cooking than in baking?

I was watching Iron Chef: Quest for an Iron Legend today. In the third episode, the theme of the competition was pastry, and the key ingredient they had to use was milk. This site's pastry tag says ...
T Hummus's user avatar
  • 121
4 votes
2 answers
12k views

What does it mean for a burger to be "a little pink"?

I ate at Red Robin's recently. Usually, I order a well-done burger because I want my burgers cooked thoroughly. But the waiter suggested that I try "a little pink" burger, which is the ...
Some Guy's user avatar
  • 205
0 votes
2 answers
273 views

What is it called when you slice meat or fish into small, thin slabs, like sashimi?

Is there a term for when meat (or fish) is sliced into thin pieces that are a mouthful each, similar to sashimi? So, in other words, if I am writing a recipe and I want to instruct the cook to cut ...
Drisheen Colcannon's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is the difference between whole grain wheat and whole wheat?

I am somewhat confused on the concept of whole grain wheat vs whole wheat. The product in question is "Triscuit" biscuits. The manufacturer does not know so I thought I would put it online. ...
Sedumjoy's user avatar
  • 854
19 votes
1 answer
4k views

What is sortexed rice?

Here is a link to rice I want to buy. It is quoted as being polished and sortexed. I was wondering exactly that meant? Sortexed is not a word I heard before.
Neil Meyer's user avatar
  • 4,894
10 votes
7 answers
5k views

What is this type of cookware called used for roasting and baking?

I'm looking for the English name for this cooking utensil: It can be used for roasting on top of the stove, or it can be put in the oven for slow cooking. I've stumbled upon 'roasting dish', or '...
Velvet's user avatar
  • 213
17 votes
5 answers
6k views

What exactly are American recipes containing "smoked sausage" or "smoked Italian sausage" referring to?

I have recently come across several American recipes that call for an ingredient described as 'Smoked Sausage' or 'Smoked Italian Sausage'. Here in Australia, we try to be a little more specific, so ...
Paull Alekna's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
2k views

Meaning: muffins are "blind"

The following expression was used in an old baking book, "The Modern Baker, Confectioner and Caterer" (1907) by John Kirkland: The bad results so frequently obtained are generally due to ...
Kona Azare's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
455 views

Firm vs. crisp vs. crunchy for apples

I see these terms used to describe apples on signage at markets and I'm wondering whether they are meant to imply different things and if so what? For example, this page uses the terms "firm"...
ChaseMedallion's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
784 views

Is there a distinction between fleur de sel and sel de Guérande?

On a recent trip to Paris, I wanted to buy some fleur de sel as a gift, but I found nothing that was specifically noted as such. Instead, I found sel de Guérande, which largely seems like the same ...
user655321's user avatar
24 votes
4 answers
6k views

What do American chefs mean by "Red pepper flakes"? [duplicate]

I see the term "Red pepper flakes" used often by American chefs, but to the European mind this term is very confusing. It could mean flaked and dried: Red chilli (e.g. Kashmiri, Birds Eye ...
Greybeard's user avatar
  • 6,130
4 votes
1 answer
533 views

What is the difference between castor, confectionary and icing sugar?

I see these labels used and was wondering what exactly they mean?
Neil Meyer's user avatar
  • 4,894
6 votes
1 answer
217 views

What is the name of this indirect grill?

In Japanese, it seems to be called a Machuugrill. It is fired by charcoal and the grill arrows are just air. It seems to be some convection heating with the temperature moderated by water. Translation ...
user2617804's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

What are the dips in muffin/cupcake tins called?

When I was writing this answer I realized that I have no idea what to call the dips in muffin/cupcake tins. I used to call them cups but when I looked it up I found that the cups are the paper inserts ...
GdD's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
342 views

What is the distinction between baking and roasting?

Both baking and roasting refer to cooking things in the oven. The only foodstuff I am aware of that can be either baked or roasted is potatoes, and the distinction is that roast potatoes are cooked ...
User65535's user avatar
  • 1,273
-1 votes
1 answer
514 views

What's the difference between omelette/frittata/quiche?

What is the culinary difference between these dishes? It seems to me that they are all egg dishes that are cooked with some fillings in them (onion/tomato/ham/cheese etc). Is quiche just a frittata in ...
Rebecca's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

Beating eggs for brownie

This brownie recipe (from this book) calls for eggs, beaten. I'm not entirely familiar with US recipes. What does it mean that the eggs have to be beaten? Is it sufficient to do this lightly with a ...
lukeg's user avatar
  • 257
1 vote
1 answer
440 views

Do French/International chefs really use/talk about Fahrenheit instead of Celsius degrees?

Example: https://youtu.be/lVcTvHTn6Dw?t=325 This chef is very French, yet he talks about Fahrenheit. In France, which is in Europe, surely they use Celsius? He seems to "think" in American ...
Wannabe Chef's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
303 views

Category name for restaurants NOT dressing food?

Is it there a specific category name or whatever, defining restaurants that serve food without dressing, or any kind of food art or dish decoration, despite still serving good quality, tasty food, ...
Aram Alvarez's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
633 views

What are the tables called where food is delivered for service to dinner?

In formal dining rooms there is often a long table set to the side and the servers use it to stage dishes before they are served to the table. What is that appurtenance called?
Drisheen Colcannon's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is "compression" as a cooking technique?

I've recently stumbled on Masterchef professionals as an American, and it's very impressive! Many chefs serve "compressed" vegetables and fruits (e.g. tomatoes, pears, cucumber, mango, etc.)....
AdamO's user avatar
  • 2,090
30 votes
6 answers
6k views

What is "layering flavors"? What does it accomplish and how do I do it?

Recently I've been into cooking videos and tutorials and something that stands out to me is this concept of "layering flavors" that some chefs use when they add ingredients. Example: We're ...
David DPG's user avatar
  • 403
13 votes
5 answers
3k views

What kind of yeast is this?

I have a type of yeast that I'm finding hard to identify by English standard. These are picture of it: Whole, uncut. cut in half In my country, Bulgaria, we call it "live" yeast, despite ...
mummy's user avatar
  • 303
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is a “small cup” in Australia and/or old recipes?

In older or Australian recipes, is “small cup” a specific (if not quite standardized) measurement? If so, what, approximately, is that measurement? I’m going to be making a recipe from an Australian ...
Jerry Stratton's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
463 views

Are heavy-bottom stock pots called something else?

I would quite like to get hold of a large stock pot with a thick base so I can make things like preserves as well, but whenever I look at kitchenware in my local shops (I'm in NZ if that makes a ...
Isaac Middlemiss's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
389 views

Is sour milk, soured milk, and milk that has gone sour, all the exact same thing?

Is sour milk, soured milk, and milk that has gone sour, all the exact same thing? Related to this question: Is buttermilk another term for sour milk or some part of sour milk? and especially this ...
Matthew Christopher Bartsh's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

What's the 'opposite' of mise en place?

Mise en place definition for those unaware. Mise en place (French pronunciation: ​[mi zɑ̃ ˈplas]) is a French culinary phrase which means "putting in place" or "everything in its place&...
Tetsujin's user avatar
  • 29.8k
16 votes
3 answers
3k views

What is a refrigerator tray in older recipes?

Many older cookbooks call for filling a “refrigerator tray”. For example, in the 1960 Better Homes and Gardens Dessert Cook Book the recipe for “Banana Ice Cream” says to “Pour into refrigerator trays....
Jerry Stratton's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
481 views

Do blini have to be thin?

In case you're wondering, Blin (or Блин) is just Pancake in Russian. It was given by my favorite YouTuber that these pancakes have to be thin to be a proper blin. Is this true?
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
599 views

Simmering, rather than caramelizing, onions (plus garlic and ginger)

I can caramelize onions, garlic, and ginger over 30 minutes, stir frying. But this requires me to stand in front of the stove for 30 minutes. Instead, I prefer to spend 90 minutes, adding a bit of ...
Sam7919's user avatar
  • 787
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

What is a stem pan?

I have a vintage cookbook, from Charlotte, North Carolina and about 1958, that has a recipe for “Different Applesauce Cake”. It says to “Cook in stem pan approximately 1 hour, 10 minutes”. Searches ...
Jerry Stratton's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
358 views

What does it mean for a dish to be called poêlé?

I was watching a show and they mentioned Fois Gras Poêlé. Now I know what fois gras is so I looked up what poêlé meant since I assumed it was a cooking technique. However, Google (patent pending) ...
Jake's user avatar
  • 365
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Is there an English word for the Spanish pepper called Ñora?

Is there an English word for the Spanish pepper called Ñora? I have translated the following from Wikipedia The ñora is a cultivated variety of Capsicum annuum or pepper, called "bola" in ...
chasly - supports Monica's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
2k views

Recipe word for "not trimmed"

I'm trying to write up a recipe by weight and include both the "cleaned" weight and the "uncleaned" weight. I can't find a good word for "uncleaned" and I'm hoping ...
LoftyGoals's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
514 views

Choosing between semolina and non-semolina durum flour

I have a big confusion between flours, aggravated by the fact that I do not live in an english-speaking country and labeling and translations are confusing. I like fresh pasta and have experimented ...
MariusSiuram's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
701 views

What's the difference between thin crust pizza and a cracker

My friend says that thin pizza crust is nothing but a cracker, but I think there are significant differences between the two products. For example, if you buy a store-bought cracker and add pizza ...
Jesse Cohoon's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
1k views

Is a pizza like this unheard of in the USA?

My idea of a pizza, bought from a pizzeria in Sweden (at least growing up and when I last did, which was a few years ago now), is as follows: A standard pizza dough is grabbed and turned into a flat ...
Pizza Lover's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
2k views

What is the difference between "water/drink enhancers" and cordial?

I was doing a bit of internet browsing today, and I came across this image (linked rather than embedded because of copyright), which shows a bottle of hand disinfectant along with three bottles ...
nick012000's user avatar
  • 1,044
2 votes
2 answers
2k views

"tomato sauce" vs. "tomato paste" [duplicate]

amazon returns almost 50 hits for "tomato sauce" and just 3 for "tomato paste" Do "tomato sauce" and "tomato paste" mean the same thing?
JJJohn's user avatar
  • 311
5 votes
1 answer
2k views

What does it mean to let gluten relax?

I'm new to cooking and have no experience cooking. I know a bit about gluten in that it gives bread the toughness for stretching, which is good for chewy bread and bad for soft cakes. I've watched ...
ChocolateOverflow's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
637 views

What's 香茜 or 芫荽 in English?

Many Hong Kong Cuisine restaurants use 香茜 or 芫荽 in soup dishes. Please see the picture below. Are 香茜 or 芫荽 the same species of plant? What's the correct English translation? I'm hankering to buy ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
189 views

What is the correct term for this method of cooking?

I'm a reluctant cook at the best of times but I'm interested to know what I just did. I got a massive bone for the dog from the butcher. There was quite a lot of meat on it so I thought the dog and I ...
chasly - supports Monica's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
1k views

What does resting mean

I'm a little confused with what resting actually means. I've typically seen this term being used where you move food (typically meat) from the oven/grill/heat and then keep it warm for "some time" (...
Dave's user avatar
  • 1,166

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