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Questions tagged [temperature]

Questions about what temperature is optimal for cooking/preparing certain food or how certain temperatures can affect different types of food. Questions can also include how to best achieve/maintain a certain temperature for a specific type of food.

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16 votes
1 answer
16k views

What do I need to know about temperature and food safety?

What general rules do I need to follow to keep my food safe? How do I know what temperature to cook something to, or whether my food is safe at room temperature?
12 votes
3 answers
36k views

How to measure the temperature of a pan?

When I need to know if a pan is above or below 100 Celsius but don't have a thermometer handy, I squirt some water on it. Say I want to check for another temperature, e.g. for the Maillard reaction or ...
user avatar
41 votes
5 answers
1.4m views

What temperatures should I keep my refrigerator and freezer set at?

For a refrigerator, if it's cooler, items like milk and meat last a bit longer. However if I set it close to freezing then some items start showing frost on them. What temperature should I set my ...
Sam Harwell's user avatar
20 votes
5 answers
171k views

What kind of frosting doesn't need to be refrigerated?

I'm looking for a frosting I can leave on the counter (under a cover of some kind) for a few days. What kind of frosting (for a cake or cupcakes) would stand up to this? Ideally, I would like this to ...
KatieK's user avatar
  • 7,940
23 votes
7 answers
553k views

Time vs. Temperature - What changes what?

Really basic question that's bugging me... Speaking mathematically, 200 degrees of heat for 10 minutes should be the same as 400 degrees of heat for 5 minutes , but that's not the case, right? So ...
Brandon's user avatar
  • 339
12 votes
4 answers
75k views

What temperature of water will kill yeast?

In other words, what is the maximum temperature of water I can use in yeast bread dough? I don't proof the yeast, I use rapid dry yeast and I just add it to the other ingredients and knead it in.
Jolenealaska's user avatar
  • 58.6k
32 votes
8 answers
508k views

What does "bring to a simmer" mean?

First, a confession: I work in software, so I'm probably paying way too much attention to the state of liquid that is "a simmer". That written, I love to cook, and no recipe direction gives me more ...
Christopher's user avatar
27 votes
4 answers
53k views

What temperature does the Maillard reaction occur?

There seems to be a lot of disagreement about the temperatures and conditions under which the Maillard reaction can occur. Cooking professionals reference all sorts of "minimum temperatures" -- I've ...
Athanasius's user avatar
  • 32.2k
22 votes
1 answer
13k views

(Why) do onions taste sweeter when cooked at lower temperature?

I use onions to add a sweeter taste to some dishes, for example in tomato sauce for pasta. I cook them in oil, with some salt, before adding the other ingredients. It seems to me that when I turn the ...
Hanno Fietz's user avatar
  • 1,017
14 votes
4 answers
19k views

Why does my steak turn out well done when the temperature probe says it's only rare?

Is it because I used a poor cut of meat? Did I not cook it fast enough? Should I have removed it from the heat sooner? Is my cut too thick? Is my temperature probe too conservative?
Pyrolistical's user avatar
14 votes
11 answers
339k views

How can I keep hot food hot when transporting it?

How can I keep hot food hot when transporting it, e.g. to a friend's house or a potluck? I usually just give up and take cold food, but I'd like to have more options.
Rebekah's user avatar
  • 1,486
8 votes
1 answer
107k views

Can I test my oven temperature without an oven thermometer?

I've got a new oven, I haven't baked in it enough to really gauge its accuracy. Is there a way to test it without an oven thermometer?
Jolenealaska's user avatar
  • 58.6k
6 votes
3 answers
9k views

How much could I safely heat a content-less cast-iron pan?

To which temperature could I safely heat my cast-iron pan on the stove, without any contents? I don't want to re-season it afterwards. Afterwards, I'd just let the pan cool off in room temperature. ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
5k views

What temperature should a crock pot slow cooker cook at?

I have a crock pot that will generate a low boil on the "Low" setting and dries out anything that is cooked for a long period. I'm wondering if the temperature regulator is too high, but I can't know ...
Mark Ransom's user avatar
32 votes
5 answers
65k views

Why should a stock be simmered and not boiled?

Anthony Bourdain's Les Halles cookbook says that a stock should NEVER be boiled, why is this? Does the higher heat extract bitterness or something else undesirable? It seems a little strange because ...
Ryan Anderson's user avatar
24 votes
4 answers
14k views

How does thermal shock affect pans made of different materials?

In another question, I had a little comment-discussion with TFD on the effect of shock cooling on pans. In a nutshell, I said that it is bad for the pan, and he said that especially if the pan is made ...
rumtscho's user avatar
  • 139k
23 votes
2 answers
14k views

Why do some powders clump in hot water?

Why do some powders like flour or matcha green tea causes lumps in hot water while other powders like sugar or cocoa or wheat grass (triticum aestivum) readily dissolve? Wheat grass powder is green ...
Chloe's user avatar
  • 1,110
13 votes
2 answers
13k views

How long could a meat-based broth be held safely near 180F/82C?

This question is the flip-side of the commonly asked food temperature safety concerns. I'd like to know, if a meat-based soup stock (chicken/pork/beef/etc) were to be held constantly at a safe hot ...
Troy Howard's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
3k views

Oven Temperature: How to be sure the selected temperature is correct.

I suspect that my - fairly new - oven gets too hot, so I bought an oven thermometer, which confirmed this. So I called the supplier. They say that in order to obtain the correct actual oven ...
Clara's user avatar
  • 145
3 votes
1 answer
3k views

How to make chicken absorb more salt when cooking a soup?

This is a really important question for me, it can actually make the difference between me recovering from a chronic illness or not. Basically I have been cooking a basic soup : 1kg chicken: 1.5 ...
James Wilson's user avatar
  • 3,947
34 votes
7 answers
143k views

What is the temperature range for food not to burn your mouth?

I'm trying to get a temperature range for knowing when food is too hot to eat. Most of what I am finding is temperature ranges for food to kill bacteria instead. For example, if I'm serving a hot ...
RICARDO HOLMES's user avatar
33 votes
16 answers
238k views

How to rest meat but not let it get too cold?

Having read this question I am persuaded that resting meat is good for its flavour. But if the meat has a good temperature straight after it's been cooked, it seems as though it will be too cold after ...
bryn's user avatar
  • 2,401
25 votes
2 answers
22k views

Does Boiling Water, Instead of Warm Water, Hurt the Flavor of Tea/Hot Chocolate

I have a counter-top water kettle that I frequently use to boil water for tea, hot chocolate, and powdered drinks (e.g. chai). I don't think anything of it when the water starts boiling and keeps on ...
Chad's user avatar
  • 2,350
21 votes
2 answers
713k views

To which internal temperature should I cook beef for rare/medium/well done?

I am going to cook a beef roast: To which internal temperature should I cook it for rare/medium/well done?
avpaderno's user avatar
  • 7,062
13 votes
5 answers
196k views

Difference in cookie texture if we use melted vs softened butter

I would like to know the difference in the final result if we use softened butter or melted butter in an ordinary cookie recipe. A few days ago i baked chocolate chips cookies i waited for the ...
Felissa's user avatar
  • 549
12 votes
2 answers
8k views

What are some techniques to cool down a dish so that we can store it in the refrigerator safely?

My wife just cooked some 'plof' (an Ashkenazi Jewish recipe). A one pot chicken, rice, onion, carrots dish. All those are in their respective layers. She just finished cooking it. We're going to go ...
milesmeow's user avatar
  • 4,274
11 votes
1 answer
5k views

What happens with bread at >= 94˚C/201˚F? Or: Is temperature a reliable indicator of doneness?

So I baked a rye bread last night (in a bread pan). It was a new recipe for me and I had to adjust some things in it due to missing ingredients, so I could not fully rely on the time and temperature ...
citizen's user avatar
  • 1,576
10 votes
3 answers
3k views

Ideal fridge temperature accounting for temperature spikes

I've read the question on the ideal fridge temperature, but am asking a more involved question about a baseline temperature and temperature spikes. How will a few hours each day at 10 C effect the ...
mankoff's user avatar
  • 211
9 votes
6 answers
76k views

Could rice or pasta be cooked without hot water?

I moved in a brand new house. I have no stove, microwaves or hot water for a week or two. I'm vegetarian and I've already prepared fresh veggies wrap, salad, hummus, sandwichs, .. but I'm wondering ...
doctoraw's user avatar
  • 651
5 votes
2 answers
8k views

What is the best time and temperature for taste when cooking a salmon fillet in the oven?

I have an Atlantic salmon fillet in my frig at the moment, but I really have no idea what the normal cooking temperature and time are for a salmon fillet. What's the best temp and time to cook a 1lb ...
Mark Rogers's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
27k views

What are the consequences of leaving the fridge door cracked open overnight?

My girlfriend accidentally didn't close the fridge properly and left it open 2 inches all night (more than 8 hours). I had a lot of raw chicken breast and raw salmon in there. Is it still edible? When ...
Napster's user avatar
  • 423
4 votes
2 answers
63k views

How do I prevent grainy fudge?

I want to make peanut butter fudge. My dad can make it perfect by just eyeballing it and dropping a spoonful in cold water to know when it is just right. but I have never been able to do it that way. ...
Debbie's user avatar
  • 101
38 votes
5 answers
60k views

Should pasta be started in cold or boiling water?

There are two main methods, either putting the strands into water already at boiling point, or putting them in cold water and then putting on the heat. Which method is the best to cook pasta? Does ...
Laila's user avatar
  • 1,463
25 votes
14 answers
38k views

How can I cool tea quickly?

Imagine you're making someone a tea, but for whatever reason they have to leave soon. How can I cool the tea so that they don't have to choose between leaving it unfinished or burning their mouth? ...
08915bfe02's user avatar
19 votes
3 answers
10k views

How do you decide what temperature to bake at?

What is the logic behind the choice of temperature for baking? Obviously if you're following a recipe it will say what temperature to use, but I'd like to understand the reasoning behind it. Is it a ...
Gabriel Hurley's user avatar
17 votes
7 answers
49k views

Does keeping a fridge/freezer full significantly help energy efficiency?

This is one of those statements I frequently encounter, but I've never really seen evidence to support it. The advice often goes even further to say that if your fridge/freezer is relatively empty, ...
Athanasius's user avatar
  • 32.2k
17 votes
3 answers
6k views

How hot does garlic need to get to lose its sharpness?

Inspired by the recent questions here, I made manicotti over the weekend. The recipe I used called for minced garlic in the filling. I love garlic and usually put in at least double recipe-prescribed ...
Sobachatina's user avatar
  • 47.6k
16 votes
6 answers
2k views

If a US recipe specifies 'vegetable oil' what type of oil should I use in the UK?

The recipe requires heating the 'vegetable oil' to exactly 375 degrees Fahrenheit with the aid of a candy thermometer. But aren't most oils made from vegetables? Some have a smoke point less than 375....
Felix Pring's user avatar
15 votes
4 answers
3k views

How accurate is the hand technique for grilling?

I have read several articles and watched several videos talking about the proper way to gauge the temperature of a grill. Basically they state if you can hold your hand X inches over a grill for Y ...
Jake's user avatar
  • 365
13 votes
6 answers
140k views

How do I accurately take a chicken thigh's temperature?

I tried to bake chicken thighs the other day and I used my probe thermometer to tell me when they were done. Well it seems that I did something wrong when inserting the thermometer because the thighs ...
DForck42's user avatar
  • 421
13 votes
7 answers
59k views

How to reduce the heat on a gas burner

I have a new gas cooktop and the lowest setting on the smallest burner still produces afast rolling boil rather that a very low simmer. How can I reduce the heat?
East Coast Gourmet's user avatar
13 votes
3 answers
13k views

Cooking on the stove: what is "too hot" for a pan?

I'm a novice cook and often hear about "learning one's stove". Obviously manufacturers, cooking methods, and appliance types vary and so "high" on one stove isn't comparable to another. That said, ...
JYelton's user avatar
  • 2,898
12 votes
4 answers
60k views

How long should roast pork be cooked so that it stays light pink?

Often pork is much too dry when served, I would like to have it slightly 'rosé' pink. So I am looking for some cooking instructions for cooking a roast pork in the oven. A time/temperature table ...
HeDinges's user avatar
  • 569
12 votes
2 answers
4k views

How do I avoid my food becoming brownish/dark while cooking?

I recently encountered a few recipes where food is not allowed to 'get colour', or become brownish while baking. A few examples of what I mean: Chicken turns a golden-brown colour. Burgers get a ...
Belle's user avatar
  • 365
11 votes
5 answers
62k views

What is "hand hot"?

How hot is "hand hot"? Should it be about the temperature where you can stand leaving your hand in the water ... but any degree hotter and it wouldn't be tolerable? Or is that way too hot? For ...
Tea Drinker's user avatar
  • 4,200
10 votes
9 answers
67k views

What can you do with an infrared thermometer?

Infrared thermometers have plummeted in price in recent years, and are now inexpensive gadgets for the home cook, not to mention the pros. What are the primary uses of an infrared thermometer in the ...
Harlan's user avatar
  • 2,663
10 votes
6 answers
49k views

How hot does popcorn need to be before it pops?

I'm interested to know if I can make popcorn in the oven, such as in a covered roasting pan. I'm also just quite curious to know the temperature it needs. Would it pop in a 250C oven? If so, what ...
Highly Irregular's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
95k views

Glass Dish Baking Temparature

Generally I have heard that most recipes are designed for baking in metal dishes. I have also heard that glass will get hotter than metal, and thus I should cook it at a lower temperature for longer. ...
That One Actor's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
13k views

Fully cooked, but requires a minimum internal temperature?

I'm making a box of packaged chicken burgers. On the front of the box, it says "Fully Cooked", but then on the back of the box, in the cooking directions, it says "Heat to an internal temperature of ...
Carcigenicate's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
13k views

Cook Time vs. Cook Temp trade off

So I've always thought of cooking this way: Higher Temp & Less Cook time = crispier vs. Lower Temp & More Cook time = softer Now obviously this doesn't apply to everything, but generally. ...
Matthew's user avatar
  • 171