55 votes
Accepted

Confused about cayenne pepper, chili powder and paprika

Cayenne pepper powder comes from the cayenne pepper. It is hot/spicy, registering 30,000 to 50,000 Scoville units. Chilli powder, depending where you live, can mean anything between pure powdered ...
moscafj's user avatar
  • 75k
40 votes
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What do American chefs mean by "Red pepper flakes"?

Per commentary by the OP, apparently what's needed in the answers here is a catalog. American Red Pepper Flakes: Dried and crumbled flakes of cayenne peppers per other answers. Used extensively in ...
FuzzyChef's user avatar
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38 votes
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Mold on homemade sriracha

Do NOT eat this. You figured out right that the stuff on top is mold. The thing that makes mold dangerous is the mycotoxins produced by it and these will likely remain in the sauce even if you scrape ...
J. Mueller's user avatar
  • 2,109
35 votes

Is there a Scoville scale for "coldness" (e.g. mint)?

There are thermal sensation scales, and they are applied in food research too, although their primary use tends to be focused on clothing or environment. They tend to be categorical rather than ratio ...
rumtscho's user avatar
  • 139k
33 votes

What do American chefs mean by "Red pepper flakes"?

The Crushed Red Pepper (flakes) that I usually get at US grocery stores is often made by McCormick (there are other brands, some possibly more common in other areas). Currently it does not ...
Steve Chambers's user avatar
23 votes

Confused about cayenne pepper, chili powder and paprika

They give a similar range of flavours, but in quite different proportions. They’re all made from ground roasted or dried red peppers of some kind, so all of them involve some amounts of spiciness (...
PLL's user avatar
  • 1,061
22 votes
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Could you smoke a sauce?

What you're describing isn't all that different from how they make various products like Liquid Smoke (make smoke along with steam, then condense that steam). You will need to make sure that some ...
Joe M's user avatar
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21 votes
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How to tell if preserved chillis are still good?

Alcohol is a disinfectant, so any bacteria sitting around for a month in vodka have been thoroughly killed... The only thing to worry about is that if some of the chillies were not completely ...
Fabby's user avatar
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18 votes

How to tell if preserved chillis are still good?

As Fabby notes in their answer, alcohol is an excellent preservative. As long as your peppers are fully submerged, it's extremely unlikely that they could rot or spoil in any way. (If they aren't, ...
Ilmari Karonen's user avatar
17 votes
Accepted

Do fresh chilli peppers have properties that ground chilli peppers do not?

The main property that is different is that fresh chili peppers contain water. That means a significant difference in the kinds of flavors that are perceived when you consume them. Probably, most ...
moscafj's user avatar
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17 votes
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Mild chili powder?

As you have found, often the generic chili powders that are sold in the US by the major brands like Schwarz aren't pure chili powder, they have other additives like oregano, salt and garlic. The best ...
GdD's user avatar
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15 votes
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Does peppers (capsaicin) actually burn?

The "heat" associated with capsaicin isn't something that would show up in thermal imaging. Spicy foods will not be warmer on your plate or in your mouth than a non-spicy item exposed to the ...
AMtwo's user avatar
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14 votes
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is Doubanjiang (sezhuan hot bean paste) an acceptable substitute in recipes calling for gochujang (Korean hot sauce)?

Both are mildly spicy, but the similarities end there. Gochujang is tangy and slightly sweet, whereas doubanjiang is more salty, savory and fermented-tasting. Even the textures don't match up: ...
Sneftel's user avatar
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14 votes
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Do dried poblano/ancho chili have an expiration date?

Dried hot peppers lose flavor and heat over time. At ten years old, your poblano peppers are probably fairly bland. Smell them. If they don't smell bad, taste them. (Taste them cautiously; they may ...
csk's user avatar
  • 3,138
14 votes
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Are shrivelled chilis safe to eat and process into chili flakes?

I've certainly done this with no ill effects, including on flavour - in fact when freezing some and drying some I tend to dry the ones like this, and freeze the juicier ones. One thing to watch out ...
Chris H's user avatar
  • 44.1k
12 votes

Mild chili powder?

You could look for chili powders online. Alternatively, you can buy (mild) dried chillies and grind them to a powder yourself, using a spice grinder or mortar and pestle. This way, you can even ...
LSchoon's user avatar
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12 votes

Adding chili powder to a dish makes it dark black

I make my own chili powder by drying (already dried) chilies in the oven till crispy. I then add them to a food processor and grind them to a rough powder. The result is a very dark chili powder that ...
Steve Chambers's user avatar
12 votes

What do American chefs mean by "Red pepper flakes"?

As a general rule, whether flakes or ground, when an American recipe calls for ‘red pepper’ as a spice, it means the Cayenne cultivar of Capsicum annuum. This is a moderately hot pepper, typically in ...
Austin Hemmelgarn's user avatar
11 votes

What was Indian food like before the arrival of the chili pepper from the Americas?

The recipe 'thevasam' in the link is authentic ( but regional ) pre-columbian exchange cuisine, made with ingredients from species largely native to the indo-malayan ecoregion, and is pretty much ...
Ramesh Emss's user avatar
11 votes
Accepted

How to add bourbon flavor?

What we think of as "bourbon flavor" is due to a combination of things. Bourbon is aged in a new oak barrel that has been charred on the inside. The important thing is not so much the layer ...
Craig S. Cottingham's user avatar
10 votes

How to add bourbon flavor?

Heating to remove alcohol isn't as effective as you might think, and igniting the vapour is of no benefit. Once it's evaporated it's gone from the liquid anyway, and imagine trying to get a flame from ...
Chris H's user avatar
  • 44.1k
9 votes

Can I use 3 jalapenos in place of 1 habanero?

Yes, you can usually make that substitution without a problem. The key thing in substituting peppers is that you like the substitution. So, experimentation is necessary to find what is ideal for you. ...
Jolenealaska's user avatar
  • 58.5k
9 votes

Does chilli get milder with cooking?

From long cooking, the capsaicin could distribute throughout the food in a way that will make it more palatable, but the capsaicin content will not drastically change. If this does not suffice: In a ...
rackandboneman's user avatar
9 votes
Accepted

Can I rehydrate dried chillies in bulk?

You can refrigerate your paste, however your quality will degrade and it won't last more than a few days in the fridge. When I make pastes I usually blend 4 times what I need and freeze the leftover ...
GdD's user avatar
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8 votes
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What is the difference between red pepper and cayenne pepper?

The entire world is confused by what type of 'pepper' anything generally called a chilli actually is. Farmers may know exactly what cultivar they are growing; supermarket or food production/...
Tetsujin's user avatar
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8 votes
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Does the size of chilli pieces affect the hotness

It really does depend how you're cooking them. Logically, smaller pieces would expose a greater surface area, however, I have experienced greater heat from a dish when using larger pieces. The ...
Chris H's user avatar
  • 44.1k
8 votes
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What will happen if i remove seeds from a chilli pepper before cooking?

You remove the seeds for texture. You remove the white pith to reduce the capsaicin content. That way you can get the benefit of the flavour of various peppers while managing the heat. From the "Wiki ...
talon8's user avatar
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8 votes
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Is this layer on top of my fermented peppers mold? If it is not, is it still safe to eat?

The growth of yeast is already slowed down by the approximately 2-3 bakers percent salt content in a dough, which makes round about 1-1.5% in total. So I doubt yeast will grow on a brine with 10% salt ...
J. Mueller's user avatar
  • 2,109
8 votes

Added too much cayenne to my spice mix, how to fix it?

The best thing to do is add enough of the others to make it up to double quantity, then use half and save the other half for another time.
Chris H's user avatar
  • 44.1k

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