53 votes
Accepted

Food temperature "danger zone" - is it really binary?

You are absolutely right, it's not binary at all. Bacterial growth doesn't magically accelerate at 40°F, the difference in growth rate between 39.9°F and 40.1°F is extremely small. I'm going to switch ...
GdD's user avatar
  • 76.3k
15 votes
Accepted

Can raw eggs be made safe with hot sugar in an italian meringue?

For the pasteurization of egg whites, the time required is at most 48 seconds at 140 F (60 C). (Source: FSIS, table on page 39) This means that you can easily use the method to know if you've ...
rumtscho's user avatar
  • 139k
11 votes

Food temperature "danger zone" - is it really binary?

Neither is it binary, nor is there a formula. is there a more scientific guideline out there that somehow measures safety objectively No, there isn't, and there isn't anything that could be ...
rumtscho's user avatar
  • 139k
6 votes
Accepted

What does Gordon Ramsay mean when he says that defrosting chicken on a steam table can be lethal?

According to the USDA, this is considered unsafe: Perishable foods should never be thawed on the counter, or in hot water and must not be left at room temperature for more than two hours. It’s not ...
fyrepenguin's user avatar
5 votes

Can raw eggs be made safe with hot sugar in an italian meringue?

I would not consider this "pasteurization," which has a specific meaning in food science, but the method of "cooking" sugar to around 240°F or 116°C and threading it into an egg ...
myklbykl's user avatar
  • 4,854
4 votes

Food temperature "danger zone" - is it really binary?

My assumption is that the guidelines are set based on outcomes, as opposed to growth vs temperature for any given bacteria, fungus, or other agent. e.g., "When we set the guideline at X, how many ...
Scott Seidman's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

How can food preparation increase Lectins?

The authors of the paper give no source for their claim that baking and roasting increase lectin content. I cannot find any other source that supports that claim. In general, the tables supplied ...
FuzzyChef's user avatar
  • 63.2k
3 votes

How can food preparation increase Lectins?

Roasting and baking drive off moisture, therefore concentrating everything else in a food. If a cooking method doesn't significantly reduce the amount of lectins in a food, but it does significantly ...
Esther's user avatar
  • 2,423
3 votes

How can food preparation increase Lectins?

First and foremost, lectins are proteins, and like all proteins they can be denatured by heat, cold, acids, bases, fermentation, salts, radiation, and other ways. So, if you cook lectins at a high ...
myklbykl's user avatar
  • 4,854
3 votes

Are there any food safety concerns when refilling mugs or glasses 2-5 hours after last filling them?

As mentioned in the comments, you would never do this in a commercial setting, though there are plenty of commercial settings where "unlimited top-ups" or "bottomless cups" occur. ...
bob1's user avatar
  • 14.6k
2 votes

Is eating papaya fruit with seeds safe?

Papaya seeds are edible. They are high in insoluble fiber and that can affect digestion, but those health aspects are off-topic for this site.
Sneftel's user avatar
  • 28.6k
2 votes

Beans Cultured with Yogurt

Dr. Marisela Granito, at the University Simon Bolivar has made this her life's work. It turns out that: " Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus plantarum are the key bacteria. These can be ...
j vw's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes

Safe Water Boiled Lentils

Such guidelines do not exist. The FDA (and other agencies with a similar scope of tasks, in the USA and internationally) only create standards and regulations where they see a need for it. Apparently, ...
rumtscho's user avatar
  • 139k
1 vote

Is it safe to store seasoned oil at room temperature for a week?

Yes, as long as it was made with only smoking hot oil, dried chilies or chili flakes, and dry spices. The “loose-fitting container” is utterly immaterial. I guess you were thinking that that means ...
Sneftel's user avatar
  • 28.6k

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